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Music Test #2

___________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech. Recitative
Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and ancient history
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ____________ period. late baroque
Baroque suites frequently begin with a french overture
A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the clavichord
An element of the oratorio that is especially important and serves to comment on or participate in the drama is the chorus
Characteristic of baroque trio sonatas, the second movement of Corelli’s Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is fugue-like
The sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for one to eight instruments
Which of the following statements is not true? A. Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and ancient history. B. The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks. C. The members of the Florentine Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style modeled on the music of ancient Greek tragedy. D. Polyphony was rejected by the members of the Florentine Camerata because different words sounding simultaneously would obscure the text. B. The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks.
Melodic sequence refers to the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitches.
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ____________ form. A. theme and variations ritornello
Speechlike melody accompanied only by a basso continuo is called secco recitative
Handel’s Messiah is an example of an oratorio
Baroque trio sonatas usually involve_______ performers four
Bach liked to illustrate religious or pictorial ideas by using musical symbolism
Which of the following statements is not true? A. So many members of the Bach family were musicians that the name Bach became synonymous with town musician. B. Even though Bach was a deeply religious and pious Lutheran, he composed what is probably the most monumental setting of the Roman Catholic Mass. C. Bach was recognized as the most eminent composer of his day. D. Bach spent the last twenty-seven years of his life in one of the most important church posts in Germany, that of director of music at St. Thomas Church in Leipzig. A. So many members of the Bach family were musicians that the name Bach became synonymous with town musician.
Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the music of the ancient greek tragedies
Oratorios first appeared in England
The_____ is an instrumental composition based on a chorale. Chorale prelude
The main theme of a fugue is called the subject
Bach’s personal muscial style was drawn from Italian concertos, french dance pieces, and german church music
Vivaldi wrote approximately ____________ concerti grossi and solo concertos. 450
Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing ____________ back to life. Eurydice
Monteverdi spent the greater part of his career in St Mark’s, Venice
The various dances of the baroque suite are usually in AABB form
A bass part together with numbers (figures) that specify the chords to be played above it is called basso continuo
Which of the following statements is not true? A. Some of Vivaldi’s instrumental concertos were arranged by J. S. Bach. B. For most of his life, Vivaldi was a violin teacher, composer, and conductor at the music school of the Pietà, an institution for orphaned or illegitimate girls in Venice. C. Like Corelli, Vivaldi wrote only instrumental music. D. Vivaldi’s solo concertos The Four Seasons are examples of baroque program music, or instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. C. Like Corelli, Vivaldi wrote only instrumental music.
When the subject of a fugue is presented in the dominant scale, it is called the answer
____________ is a musical procedure in which a fugue subject is imitated before it is Stretto
Which of the following statements is not true? A. Bach’s church music uses operatic forms such as the aria and recitative. B. The bulk of Bach’s output is instrumental music. C. Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except opera. D. Bach’s music is unique for its combination of rich harmony and polyphonic texture. B. The bulk of Bach’s output is instrumental music.
Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the ____________ family. violin
Presenting the subject of a fugue from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called retrograde
The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following except nautralistic
A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier.
Pieces of an oratorio are usually connected together by means of a narrator’s recitatives
The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ____________ family. violin
The middle baroque was characterized by a diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe
Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by Henry Purcell
The stage machinery of baroque opera bordered on the colossal.
The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are fast, slow, fast.
Vivaldi spent most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in Venice
A musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart is a trill
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach
Henry Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas was inspired by the Aeneid, an epic poem by Virgil
In addition to being an important composer, Arcangelo Corelli was also the leading Italian ________ of his time. violinist
Modern historians use the term baroque to indicate a particular style in the arts
In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach’s cantatas closely resembled the ____________ of the time. operas
To evoke angry or warlike feelings in some of his texts, Monteverdi introduced new orchestral effects, including pizzicato and tremolo
A ____________ is a single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it. pedal point
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Music and Culture Chapter 7

This theoretical system governs Turkish melody: maqam
This term refers to choral music that uses voices only—no accompanying instruments. A capella
The Gelug monks of Tibet often use the technique of _______chanting, where the fundamental tone and overtones sound at the same time. Harmonic
This talking drum, which is used by the Yoruba to perform oríkì, is capable of imitating the Yoruba language. Dùndún
The American folk tradition that uses songbooks with differently shaped note heads is called: sacred harp or shape note
What is the name of the instrument (a ram’s horn) used in certain Jewish services? Shofar
Which answer is completely true about Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass? It is polyphonic. It was written in the 16th century. It is a cappella.
The_____________is to the early Lutheran church as plainchant is to the early Catholic church chorale
This religion, called ______________, is a combination of Catholicism and Nigerian (and other African) beliefs and is growing in places such as New York City and Miami. Santería
The text “Amazing Grace” was written: for use in a sermon and possibly for a hymn-text competition
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Music Appreciation Final

Fortissimo means to do what? play very loudly
True or False? Some of the earliest music consisted almost entirely of rhythm, in the form of drumming or clapping. True
True or False? The music industry shrank during the 1970s since few people were interested in disco. False
Dorian mode begins on what note? D
What means “the movement of different voices against one another” in Latin? Motet
What was the Samaveda? A collection of hymns
True or False? The creation of music charts helped to shape and to encourage the growth of rock and pop music. True
Which composer was known for his instrumental consort compositions? William Byrd
True or False? Melodic phrases are groups or sets of notes that make sense together, express a musical idea, and when combined, create the melody. True
Which culture studied music through the lens of mathematics and science? Greeks
Which was one of the first instruments that prehistoric people probably used? Voices
Which artist is an example of someone who was popular for disco? Donna Summer
Which of the following is a type of popular music?Rock Country Jazz All of the above All of the above
What was a type of wheel fiddle? Hurdy-gurdy
Popular music is said to reflect the tastes and preferences of which social class? Middle class
“Do, Re, Me, Fa, So, La, Ti, Do” represents what? scale
What is true of viols? It is played with a bow
What is a musical piece in which one solo instrument (such as a piano or violin) is accompanied by an orchestra? concerto
Prehistoric or primitive music comes from what type of cultures? preliterate
Which advancement helped singers develop a more intimate singing style? microphones
True or False? The modes used for Gregorian chants all begin on the note E. False
What is a series of musical notes that have been strung together? melody
True or False? Chants were commonly used by monks during religious services. True
What was a characteristic of Palestrina’s compositions? dissonance placed on the “weak” beat
True or False? No one really cares or should care about the elements of music. False
True or False? During Medieval times, secular music was outlawed by the church and was not played. False
True or False? William Byrd was known for producing instrumental pieces for consorts. True
True or False? The so-called British Invasion, which included the Beatles, happened in the 1980s. False
True or False? The Renaissance period in general was considered a time of rebirth in the arts and culture. True
True or False? Chants were also called plainsong. True
True or False? The tempo of a piece is objective; all composers interpret the tempo directions in the same way. False
What is a song that follows the thirty-two bar form? You’ve Lost That Loving Feeling
True or False? Tempo is the frequency of a sound and it relates to the highness or lowness of a tone that we hear. False
What invention increased the recognition of composers and made music more available? Printing Press
What was a popular trend in the 1990s? Boy Bands
What is a low female voice? Alto
True or False? Pop music no longer exists in the twenty-first century. It has been replaced by other music genres. False
A Renaissance consort typically had how many instruments? Six
True or False? Form is the combination of musical elements like rhythm, pitch, and melody. True
True or False? One of the reasons why the chorale gained such a foothold was that the printing press allowed for hymnbooks to be published. True
True or False? Composers are mostly concerned with pitch and are less concerned with rhythm. False
In Pech Merle, red painted dots note what about the spot? The spot is where sound best echoes.
What is a typical theme in pop music songs? Love
True or False? Music videos gave pop musicians a visible presence that helped them sell more music. True
Which philosopher laid some of the foundations for modern music theory? Aristotle
The early Egyptians are thought to have used what type of scale? 5-tone
Which of the following is NOT a pop artist in the last decade?Johann Sebastian BachMadonna Justin Bieber Lady GaGa Johann Sebastian Bach
True or False? A madrigal proper was through-composed. True
Pop music appeals to which type of audience? A broad audience
Who commissioned simple melodies for the new Protestant church? Martin Luther
True or False? The music of the Baroque period is the first to be among the musical pieces that people today are generally familiar with. True
What does opera combine music with? Text
True or False? Bach’s family included over 50 notable composers and musicians. True
True or False? Opera seria puts a greater emphasis on the experienced and masterful singer. True
What does the word “opera” mean in Italian? Work
What composer was a transitional figure between Renaissance music and Baroque music? Monteverdi
True or False? Handel was nicknamed “The Red Priest.” False
True or False? Monteverdi went blind before his death. False
True or False? Literally, the word courante means running. As such, the dance is fast paced. True
What is a musical notation using numbers to indicate chords, intervals, and other aspects in relation to the bass note of the music? Figured bass
What does the Portuguese word for “Baroque” mean? misshapen pearl
True or False? The modern orchestra developed during the Baroque period. True
True or False? Handel composed Music for the Royal Fireworks. True
Which composer wrote The Messiah? Georg Frederic Handel
What modern instrument was created during the Baroque period? Violin
Which composer was known as the “Father of the Symphony”? Joseph Haydn
Which composer experienced hearing loss during his lifetime? Ludwig Von Beethoven
In the Classical period, composers sought to create what type of music? more down to earth
True or False? Individuals during the Classical era were interested in ancient civilizations. True
True or False? The Age of Enlightenment overlapped with the Classical period. True
True or False? Bach, Handel, and Mozart make up the Viennese School. False
True or False? A sonata is a large scale composition that is played (rather than sung). True
True or False? “Moonlight Sonata” was composed by Haydn. False
True or False? Mozart began composing music by the age of five. True
What is the first part of the sonata form? Exposition
Which composer worked for the Esterhazy family? Joseph Haydn
True or False? Beethoven is a transitional figure between the Classical era and the Romantic era of music. True
True or False? Almost all of the works of the Classical era included vocal parts. False
Which part of the sonata form creates tension and drama? Development
True or False? The only form of music that Beethoven composed in was piano concertos. False
What do Choral symphonies add to the traditional symphony? Singers
True or False? Brahms often used conventional and traditional forms and techniques in his work. True
Of the following, what is true about music from the Romantic period? -It was more precise and conformed than that of the Classical period. -Virtually all of the music is vocal or choral music. -It was longer and less constrained than the music of the Classical period. -The only theme of the music was love. It was longer and less constrained than the music of the Classical period.
Who created the symphonic poem? Franz Liszt
Whose funeral march was played at the funeral of JFK? Frederic Chopin
True or False? Johann Strauss I pushed his son to become a composer and musician. False
True or False? Tchaikovsky wrote “1812 Overture.” True
True or False? Instruments were less reliable in the Romantic period than they had been during the Renaissance period. False
What aspect of instruments improved during the Romantic period? Valves
Who composed the “Wedding March?” Felix Mendelssohn
Early Romantic music was influenced by which composer? Ludwig von Beethoven
The Romantic period ended before which event? World War I
Who of the following is an example of a nationalist Romantic Composer?-Brahms-Mozart-Chopin -Tchaikovsky Tchaikovsky
True or False? The Romantic period of music emphasized reason and form over emotion and feeling. False
The music of the Romantic period is all about what? Emotion
Hot Five was the famous band of which musician? Louis Armstrong
True or False? Miles Davis is known for being a swing jazz musician. False
True or False? Jazz music has nothing in common with classical music. False
What is true of Bebop?It featured frequent chord changes It was meant to be danced to It was one of the slower forms of jazz It featured frequent chord changes
Count Basie is known for playing which instrument? Piano
True or False? Modal jazz was much more popular than swing/big band music. False
True or False? New Orleans was the birthplace of jazz. True
True or False? Free jazz relies on traditional structures and forms. False
What was the first form of jazz to develop? Classic Jazz
King Oliver pioneered the use of what in jazz? Mutes
Jazz was mostly created by which group? African Americans
Which of the following musicians is known for cool jazz music?Louis Armstrong Miles Davis Count Basie Duke Ellington Miles Davis
Which jazz musician is regarded as the most innovative? Miles Davis
Jazz began where? New Orleans
True or False? Much of jazz music after the 1940s is based, to some degree, on bebop. True
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Music Appreciation Study Guide 2B

Which of the following description is MOST characteristic of a jazz performance? Improvisations on preestablished harmonic patterns.
Which of the following is a common characteristic of the second movement of a multimovement cycle? lyrical, songful melodies
A rondo is most typically found in the ______ movement of a Classical multi-movement cycle. last
Which of the following compositional techniques does rondo form utilize? rhythmic variation
Which of the following were major composers of string quartets? Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven
The form of the fourth movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 33, No. 2 is rondo
Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country? Paris
Which diagram represents a rondo in its simplest form? A-B-A-C-A
Which group of instruments was the nucleus of the Classical orchestra? strings
The typical Classical orchestra consisted of _____ players. 30 to 40
The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by Haydn
What is the typical tempo for the second movement of a multi-movement work? Andante
Which of the following compostional technique does theme and variation from often utilize? melodic variation, rhythmic variation, and harmonic variation.
The early Classical symphony is characterized by drawn-out crescendos, sometimes referred to as a steamroller effect
We can best regard sonata-allegro form as a drama between two groups of instruments
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development and the recapitulation
Which composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence? Mozart
Which of the following best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? Sonata-Allegro
The second dance, or the middle section, of a minuet is called the Trio
Who composed Eine Kleine Nachtmusik? Mozart
Where was Mozart born? Salzburg, Austria
The cadenza comes toward the ______ of a movement during a concerto. middle
What is a cadenza? a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment.
The cadenza is a typical part of a(n) concerto
Which of the following was favored sonata instrumentation during the late eighteenth century? piano alone
The second movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 is a gentle scherzo and trio
With which symphony did Beethoven begin to expand the possibilities of the genre? No. 9
The “Ode to Joy” is the finale of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9
The text of the “Ode to Joy” was written by Schiller
Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? 3 note motive
Which of the following best describes the opening to the third movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? It uses a 4 note motive.
Which symphony by Beethoven has become a rallying cry for widely divergent philosophies? Symphony No. 5
A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called: strophic
Schubert was born in Vienna
Which of the following is true of Schubert’s Elfking? The masterpiece of his youth, based on a legend that whoever is touched by the king of the elves must die, presents four characters who are differentiated in the music.
Which musical devices does Schubert use to portray the child’s terror in Elfking? high range and dissonance
Which of the following describes Schumann’s setting of A Poet’s Love? It fuses lyric and dramatic elements, conveys a mood of despair, creates a union of piano and voice.
What is the form of “In the lovely month of May”? strophic
Which of the following best describes Schumann’s In the lovely month of May? It is harmonically meandering.
Which of the following was technical improvement to the nineteenth century piano? It was made louder, range was expanded, and given improved mechanical action.
Chopin is credited with developing the modern piano style
In connection with Chopin’s music, the term rubato means that the performer should take liberties with the tempo
The concept of a program overture had its origin in the opera overture.
Edvard Grieg was a composer from Norway
Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with: Clara Schumann
Brahms wrote _____ symphonies. 4
The structure of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is: ternary
Wagner’s first operatic success was a grand opera entitled: Faust.
Where was Wagner born? Leipzig, Germany
The principal themes in Wagner’s operas, which recur throughout and carry specific meanings, are called leitmotifs.
The dominant center of ballet in the early nineteenth century was France
In ballet, the pas de deux is: dance for two
Which of the following was Tchaikovsky’s principal patron? Nadezhda von Meek
Tchaikovsky’s fanciful ballet about a child’s Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is: The Nutcracker
The trepak is a folk dance from Arabia
The celesta is featured in the _______ from The Nutcracker. Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
Which of the following major musical streams did French Romantic composers reject? Wagner’s music dramas.
Of which genre is Faure considered to be a master? Song
What position did Faure hold at Le Figaro? Critic
Faure was an influential critic at which major Paris newspaper? Le Figaro
Faure’s musical writing was in direct contrast to the German Romanticism of Wagner
The Libra me from Faure’s Requiem is sung in Latin
Impressionism was a style of painting that was cultivated principally in: Paris
Which of the following are characteristics of Impressionist music? All answers shown here. (Whole tone scales, parallel chords, ninth chords)
Symbolist poetry rebelled against Impressionism
Which of the following describes the activities of Harry T. Burleigh? All answers shown here. (He studied with Dvorak, arranged spirituals for voice and piano, became a music publisher.)
The Christian movement at the turn of the 1800’s was known as the Second Great Awakening
When did spirituals gain a broader cultural presence? Immediately after the Civil War.
What school in Nashville, Tennessee, was founded as a college for freed slaves? Fisk University
The Sturm und Drang Movement came about largely because of two works, written by Schiller and Goethe
A melody composed with a symmetrical four bar phrase structure delineated by cadences is characteristic of the ______ period Classical
The concept of rhythmic regularity suggests: strong rhythms, moving at a steady tempo
The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by sympathy for the oppressed, interest in folk culture, faith in humankind and its destiny.
Which of the following describes orchestras of the nineteenth century? The conductor emerged as a central figure, range of dynamics increased, and new instruments were added to the ensemble.
What was the slogan of the French Revolution? “Death to the tyrants”
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Appreciation of Music Chapter 22 Practice Test

What is the masque an English form of entertainment that combined music, poetry, and dance.
True or False, Monteverdi was one of the first great composers of opera True
At the time of Monteverdi’s opera The Coronation of Poppea, what type of opera houses were beginning to open in Venice? Public
True or False, Early opera was originally designed to reflect the manner in which seventeenth-century aristocrats sung their conversations to each other on a daily basis. False
The libretto for Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas is based on The Aeneid
What is “Thy hand, Belinda,” as sung by Dido in Purcell’s opera? recitative
What is a speechlike vocal line called? a recitative
What is the structural basis for Dido’s Lament in Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas? ground bass
Why does Dido sing a lament at the end of Purcell’s opera? Aeneas left her
What is Liberetto? the text/script of an opera
What is an aria? a song, usually of a highly emotional nature
What is an overture? an orchestral introduction
What is a recitative? The sung dialogue that moves the plot along
What are the purely instrumental genres that can be included in an opera? sinfonia and overture
Which genres involve solo voices recitative, aria, and chorus
Which of the following correctly describe Henry Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas It was first performed at a girls’ school in LondonThe opera ends tragically.It is based on Virgil’s Aeneid.It is not sung in ItalianDido and Aenas did not live happily ever after
What is an opera a large-scale drama that is sung
What characterizes a recitative? advancement of plot, imitation of speechnot: lyrical song, action frozen in time
What characterizes the aria genre? frozen action, lyrical song, highly emotionalnot: imitation of speech, advancement of action
In opera highly emotional songs that freeze narrative time are called arias. Because of their lyrical and detached nature, arias are often sung on their own in recitals, out of context of the opera.
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The Romantic Period

Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years 1820-1900
Which of the following is not a characteristic of romanticism?a. fascination with fantasyb. emphasis on balance and clarity of structuresc. enthusiasm for the culture of the middle agesd. interest in exoticism and the past b. an emphasis on balance and clarity of structure
Not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting emotional restraint
Of all the inspiration for romantic art, none was more important than nature
Which composer is not associated with the romantic period Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as exoticism
Program music is instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
Which of the following is not true? fascination with the melodies, rhythms and colorful materials from different lands is known as musical nationalism
The deliberate attempt to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as nationalism
composers expressed nationalism in their music by using the rhythms of the dances of their homelandsusing their national legends as subject matterbasing their music on the folk songs of their country
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include up to _________ musicians 100
An orchestra in the romantic period was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra
The 1844 Treatise of Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art itself was written by Hector Berlioz
Which of the following statements is not true of the piano of the early romantic period? The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period
The slight holding back or pressing forward of a tempo in music is known as rubato
Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as thematic transformation
Which of the following statements is not true? Romantic composers rejected the basic forms of the classical period and preferred to develop new forms on their own
Because of the French Revolution and the ____________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras and “composers in residence” Napoleonic Wars
Which of the following statements is not true? Romantic musicians often composed to execute a commission or meet the demands of an aristocratic or church patron
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was Ludwig Van Beethoven
All of the following romantic composers were also virtuoso instrumentalists giving solo recitals except Hector Berlioz
A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was Franz Liszt
A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was Niccolo Paganini
The rise of the urban middle class led to the piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class homeformation of many orchestras and opera groupsdevelopment of regular subscription concerts
When music conservatories were founded, women were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by late 1800s could study musical composition
A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the piano
One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was Peter Ilylch Tchaikovsky
Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and Robert Schumann
An art song is a musical composition for solo voice and piano
The word ________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text lied
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Heinrich Heine
Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song? the art song is restricted to strophic form
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a postlude
When the same music is repeated for two or more stanzas of a poem, leading to a new music for other stanzas, the form is known as modified strophic
Which of the following forms was not used in composing art songs? Concerto
Schubert’s primary source of income was his musical compositions
Shubert wrote a number of symphonies and chamber works that are comparable in power and emotional intensity to those of his idol, Beethoven
Schubert was the first great master of the romantic art song
Which of the following statements is not true? Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output
Schubert’s songs number more than 600
Schubert wrote compositions in every musical genre except piano concertos
Schubert was 18 years old when he composed the song Erlkonig, set to poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The form of The Erlking is through-composed
The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of death
The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkonig unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the galloping horse
Which of the following is not true of Robert Shumann’s works? They are all written for piano
Clara Wieck was the daughter of Shumann’s piano teachera virtuoso pianistSchumann’s wife
During the first ten years of his creative life, Shumann published only piano pieces
Robert Schumann’s Carnaval is a(n) cycle of piano pieces
Johannes Brahms was a close friend of Clara and Robert Shumann
Clara Shumann was a composer
A leading pianist of the 19th century, Clara Shumann did some composing but considered herself primarily a performer
In the 1830s, Paris was a center of romanticismthe artistic capital of Europethe home of Victor Hugo, Honore de Balzac, and Heinrich Heine
Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polonaises and mazurkas
While in Paris, Chopin earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich
Most of Chopin’s pieces are exquisite miniatures
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the nocturne
Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist’s left hand because the left hand must play rapid passages throughout
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as an etude
Which of the following statements is not true? Chopin’s piano études, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value
The ___________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility polonaise
Which of the following statements is not true? During the last years of his life, Liszt settled in Rome and devoted himself solely to his religious duties.
As a youth, Franz Liszt was influenced by the performances of Niccolò Paganini
During his teens and twenties, Franz Liszt lived in Paris
Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso pianist
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at __________, where he championed works by contemporary composers Weimar
Liszt’s piano works are characterized by all answers are correct
The writer whose literary works greatly inspired Franz Liszt was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he All answers are correct
Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea symphonic poem
By the age of thirteen, Mendelssohn had written ____________ of astounding quality all answers are correct
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of . Johann Sebastian Bach
The high point of Mendelssohn’s career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____________ in England Elijah
Mendelssohn wrote in all musical forms except operas
The three movements of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin are played without pause
Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n) soloist, who presents the main theme
In the first movement of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin, the cadenza appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation
The first movement of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin is linked to the introduction of the second movement by a(n) single bassoon tone
Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto was inspired by his friendship the famous violinist Ferdinand David
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called program music
The work referred to by Beethoven as an “expression of feeling rather than painting” was his Pastoral Symphony (No. 6.)
Which of the following statements is not true? The symphonic poem, or tone poem, is a two-movement composition in sonata-allegro form
Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ absolute
A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea program symphony
A _____________ is a one- movement symphony orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea symphonic poem
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was Franz Liszt
Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as incidental music
Today’s movie scores may be regarded as examples of incidental music
In 1830 Berlioz was awarded the Prix de Rome
The writer who had the most impact of the young Berlioz was William Shakespeare
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s love for the actress Harriet Smithson
Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its sensationally autobiographical programamazingly novel orchestrationvivid description of the weird and diabolical
Which of the following statements is not true? Berlioz’s reputation outside France was even lower than what it was in his homeland
In order to support his family, Shumann turned to musical journalism
Outside France, Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n) conductor
Berlioz was extremely imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ___________ never before heard tone colors
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the idee fixe
Which of the following instruments is not part of the orchestra for Symphonie Fantastique organ
The fourth movement of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony depicts a march to the scaffold
The citizen’s sense of national identity and patriotic feelings were intensified by romanticism. which glorified one’s national heritagecommon bonds of language, culture, and historymilitary resistance to Napoleon
Which of the following statements is not true? The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Italy, France, Germany and Austria
The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Russiathe Scandinavian countriesPoland and Bohemia
Who laid the groundwork for a nationalist style in Russian music Mikhail Glinka
The opera that laid the groundwork for a Russian national style, A Life for the Tsar, was composed by Mikhail Glinka
The founder of Czech national music was Bedrich Smetana
Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under ________ domination Austrian
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside called Moldau
The German master _________ recommended Dvorak’s music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of Dvorak’s fame Johannes Brahms
Antonin Dvorak’s music was first promoted by Johannes Brahms
Dvorak “found a secure basis for a new national (American) musical school” in African American spirituals
In 1982, Dvorak went to _________, where he spent almost three years as a director of the National Conservatory of Music New York
Antonin Dvorak’s Symphony No. 9 is his most famous workis subtitled From the New Worldglorifies both the Czech and the American folk spirit
In his first movement of the New World Symphony, Dvorak composed a theme that resembles Swing Low, Sweet Chariot
The popular character of the New World Symphony can be traced to the composer’s use of ____________ often found in folk music syncopationspentatonic scalesmodal scales
Which of the following statements is not true? Tchaikovsky was a happily married family man with a cheerful, self-confident outlook
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky began to study music theory at the age of twenty one
Nadezhda von Meck was a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity
Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Symphony ends with a slow, despairing finale
Which of the following was not a member of the Russian Five? Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
At its premier in 1870, Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet Overture was a dismal failure
Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet is a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form
The course of Brahms’s artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer Robert Shumann and his wife Clara
Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any operas
Brahms’s works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of Joseph HaydnWolfgang Amadeus MozartLudwig van Beethoven
Brahms’s musical trademarks included the use of two notes against three
Verdi studied music in ________, the city where Italy’s most important opera house, La Scala, is located Milan
Verdi’s first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was Nabucco
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi’s operas because they seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love
Which of the following operas is not by Verdi? Turandot
Guiseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas to entertain mass public
Which of the following statements is not true? Verdi composed primarily for the Italian musical elite, those who would best appreciate his talents
The soul of a Verdi opera is expressive vocal melody
Verdi’s latest opera’s differ from his earlier ones in that they have less difference between aria and recitativegreater musical continuitymore imaginative orchestrations
Rigoletto, the title role in Giuseppe Verdi’s opera, is all of the following except the romantic lover
The famous aria La Donna e mobile is taken from Verdi’s opera Rigoletto
Giacomo Puccini’s first successful opera was Manon Lescaut
Which of the following operas was not composed by Giacomo Puccini” Falstaff
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true to life situations, was known as versimo
The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by Giacomo Puccini
Some of Puccini’s operas feature exoticism, as in his use of melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Japanese and Chinese music in his operas Madame Butterfly and Turandot
Giacomo Puccini’s opera La Boheme takes place in Paris
In Puccini’s La Boheme, Rodolfo is a young poet
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Boheme because she has come to his door to ask for a light for her candle
Who sings the aria Che gelida manina (what a cold little hand) in La Boheme Rodolfo
Wagner’s preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in ___________, solely for performance of his musical dramas Bayreuth, Germany
Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in Bayreuth
The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was Ludwig van Beethoven
Wagner was a virtuoso on the none of these are correct
Wagner was appointed conductor of the Dresden opera mainly because of the success of his first opera Rienzi
During Wagner’s time in Paris, he was unable to get an opera performed and was reduced to musical hackwork
Which of the following operas was not composed by Richard Wagner? Fidello
The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner’s last opera was Parsifal
A short musical idea associated with a person, object or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called leitmotif
The orchestration in Wagner’s operas is full and colorful
Valhalla, in Wagner’s Ring cycle, is Wotan’s castle
Siegmund, in Wagner’s opera Die Walkure, is Wotan’s son by a mortal woman
At the end of the first act of Wagner’s opera Die Walkure, Sieglinde recognizes the stranger as her brother and renames him SiegmundSiegmund draws his magical sword Notung from the treeSiegmund embraces Sielinde with passionate fervor
While Wagner’s Ring cycle features fantastical elements such as gods, giants, and magic, the opera is really about nineteenth century society and culture
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MUSIC APPRECIATION FINAL!

What are 8 elements of music? melodyrhythmharmony texturetimbredynamicsformword-music relationships
Castrati the term used for male singers who were castrated before puberty to retain a soprano or alto voice.
Music can be defined as an art based on the organization of sounds in time
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called pitch
The __________ of a sound is decided by the frequency of its vibrations. pitch
If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at ___________cycles. 440
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called pitch range
Dynamics in music refers to degrees of loudness and softness
When notating music for others to read, composers traditionally have used ____________ words to indicate dynamics. Italian
A gradual increase in loudness is known as a crescendo
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a _____________ diminunendo
Timbre is synonymous with ____________. tone color
Which of the following is not a normal classification of male voice ranges? contralto
When the string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down, it is called vibrato
Woodwind instruments are so named because they were originally made of wood
A thin piece of cane, used singly or in pairs by woodwind players, is called a reed
Which of the following is not a double reed instrument? clarinet
The ____________ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch. timpani
The piano has ____________ keys, spanning more than 7 octaves. 88
The _________ has strings that are plucked by a set of plastic, leather, or quill wedges. harpsichord
The _______________ has many sets of pipes controlled from several keyboards, including a pedal keyboard. pipe organ
The instructor’s email is [email protected]
The instructor’s name is both Meredith and Nikki
Which of the following is not a brass instrument? bassoon
The 17th century refers to what span of years? 1600’s
A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
If a flute player were to play a solo without any other accompaniment, the texture would be monophonic
A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as legato
In musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five horizontal lines called a staff
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years 1750-1820
Many conductors use a thin stick called a ________ to beat time and indicate pulse and tempo baton
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is polyphonic
Homophonic texture consists of one main melody accompanied by chords
Modulation refers to a shift from one key to another within the same composition
Tonality is another term for key
A gradual slowing down of tempo is indicated by the term ritardando
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic
A chord is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody in a short detached manner
The term ___________ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music. tempo
A virtuoso is a performer who has developed an extraordinary technical mastery
The earliest chant manuscripts show simple symbols above the texts, indicating motion of the pitch up or down.
In Hildegard’s PLAY OF VIRTUES, Satan does not sing, but shouts his lines
Gregorian Chant is named after Pope Gregory I, who was said to have written the bulk of the standard chants, according to later legend.
syllabic setting is text set to one note per syllable.
Melismatic refers to text set to multiple notes per syllable.
Gregorian chant during the Middle Ages was chiefly monophonic in texture.
An important female composer of the Middle Ages was Hildegard of Bingen.
Plainchant consists of melody sung alone or by a group in unison.
Which of the following is NOT true of Gregorian chant? It is polyphonic in texture.
Monophonic chant appears in cultures throughout the world and across historical epochs.
In Francesoco Landini’s BEHOLD SPRING, the two voices are similar, yet the rhythms often diverge, then return to unison at a cadence.
Organum was built by layering melodic lines above existing plainchant melodies.
_____________ are to music as periods are to verbal expression, indicating the end of a unit of thought. Cadences
Composers create musical form using all of the following EXCEPT: convolution
In the Middle Ages every musical document had to be written by hand.
Guillaume de Machaut’s MESSE DE NOSTRE DAME is the first polyphonic setting of the Mass Ordinary by a single composer.
In addition to being a composer, Machaut was famous for his work as a poet.
Two double-reed instruments used today are the bassoon and the oboe.
Two single reed instruments used today are the clarinet and saxophone.
Monophony is when all instruments play the same notes together, in unison.
Heterophony is when two instruments play the same melody, but with different embellishments.
How do we know that drums were central to many instrumental ensembles in the Middle Ages? paintings
Many composers in the Middle Ages are now anonymous.
Pitch in music refers to the highness or lowness of a sound
The teacher of this course is The teacher’s name is both Meredith and Nikki.
Opera is best described as a drama sung from beginning to end.
The first oratorios were based on stories from the Bible.
A type of opera singing that lies somewhere between singing and speaking is called recitative.
The main keyboard instruments of the Baroque period were the organ and the harpsichord.
Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by Henry Purcell.
Baroque style flourished in music during the period 1600-1750.
A baroque musical composition usually expresses ______________ within the same movement. one basic mood
Foreign-language opera should probably not be sung in English for all of the following reasons EXCEPT It is impossible to create an opera in English that can be easily understood because of all the consonants and dialects.
The more lyrical numbers in opera that convey deeper feeling are called arias
Chamber music was written for an intimate setting, such as a small room with a small group of instruments.
_____________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech. Recitative
The word movement in music normally refers to a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
The ______________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices. conductor
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach
A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called oratorio.
The term “program music” refers to a(n) instrumental work that is in some way associated with a story, event, or idea.
The one musical genre in which Bach did not compose was that of operas.
Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing _____________ back to life. Eurydice
An __________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work. overture
The castrati possessed both the high range of a woman’s voice and the physical power of a man’s voice.
There are more _______ in an orchestra than any other instrument. violins
Handel’s Messiah is an example of an oratorio.
An ____________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action. opera
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes.
The oratorio is musically very similar to an opera, but is unstated and based on a sacred topic.
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a repeat sign.
Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of Esterházy
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for instrumental soloist and orchestra.
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in ________ form. sonata
The most important form of classical chamber music is the string quartet.
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello.
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western art music, roughly encompassed the years 1750-1800
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as A A’ A” A”’
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called a cadenza.
A common rondo pattern is ABACABA
The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in _______________ form. ABA
The musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the ________ and ________ periods. classical, romantic
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a small room.
Sonata form consists of four main sections: exposition, development, _________ and coda recapitulation.
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement the second theme is in a new key.
Throughout the Classical Era, artists in every field looked to ___________ as a model. nature
In the 18th century, writers began to describe musical structure in terms of language
The first movement of a Classical Era string quartet usually is in a fast tempo, in what came to be known as “sonata form.”
Which is the lowest voice of the string quartet? cello
The kind of phrase structure with antecedent and consequent units is called the ___________ structure. Periodic phrase
Mozart was a child prodogy
In Mozart’s THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, who is the Count hoping to seduce? Susanna
In Mozart’s THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, who is Basilio? the music teacher
In Mozart’s THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, which role is the “pants role,” meaning a male role played by a female? Cherubino
Schubert’s songs number more than 600
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than nature
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as nationalism.
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the nocturne.
In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a _________ movement instead of the minuet. scherzo
Program music is instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called program music.
Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and of her close friend Johannes Brahms.
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as an étude.
An art song is a musical composition for solo voice and piano.
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a postlude
Which of the following composers is NOT associated with the romantic period? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which of the following operas was not composed by Giacomo Puccini? I Pagliacci
The course of Brahm’s artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer Robert Schumann and his wife Clara.
The famous aria La donna è mobile is taken from Verdi’s opera Rigoletto.
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the idée fixe
Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years 1820-1900
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as rubato.
Which of the following is NOT a ballet by Tchaikovsky? Coppelia
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as exoticism.
The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of death
Setting each strophe of the poem to the same music is simple __________ form. strophic.
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a light for her candle.
Which of the following is movement 4 of Berlioz’s SYMPHONIE FANTASTIQUE March to the Scaffold
Richard Wagner spins an orchestral web out of recurrent musical themes called leitmotifs
“Scat singing,” which Louis Armstrong introduced into jazz, is vocalization of a melodic line with nonsense syllables.
Although jazz began in bars and brothels, it is now considered an American art form.
Philip Glass’s Einstein on the Beach is an example of __________ music. minimalist
Minimalist music is characterized by a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns.
When a voice is answered by an instrument, or when one instrument (or group of instruments) is answered by a chorus, the pattern is referred to as call and response.
Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in France.
An eerily expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during the expressionist period, is sprechstimme
A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a _________ scale and has NO half steps. whole-tone
Impressionism in music is characterized by a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity.
Alban Berg and Anton Webern were Arnold Schoenberg’s students.
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.
______________ is generally acknowledged as the “king of ragtime.” Scott Joplin
The absence of key or atonality in a musical composition is known as atonality.
Based on what you’ve listened to and studied, music in the early twentieth century was a time of revolt and change.
The deliberate evocation of primitive power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds is known as primitivism.
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called polytonality.
The most important impressionist composer was Claude Debussy.
The major center of jazz from about 1900 to 1917 was New Orleans.
The most famous blues singer of the 1920’s, known as the “empress of blues,” was Bessie Smith.
The term impressionist derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to Impression: Sunrise, a painting by Claude Monet.
Ragtime’s legacy for jazz includes syncopations
Music can be defined as an art based on the organization of sounds in time
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called pitch
The __________ of a sound is decided by the frequency of its vibrations. pitch
If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at ___________cycles. 440
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called pitch range
Dynamics in music refers to degrees of loudness and softness
When notating music for others to read, composers traditionally have used ____________ words to indicate dynamics. Italian
A gradual increase in loudness is known as a crescendo
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a _____________ diminunendo
Timbre is synonymous with ____________. tone color
Which of the following is not a normal classification of male voice ranges? contralto
When the string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down, it is called vibrato
Woodwind instruments are so named because they were originally made of wood
A thin piece of cane, used singly or in pairs by woodwind players, is called a reed
Which of the following is not a double reed instrument? clarinet
The ____________ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch. timpani
The piano has ____________ keys, spanning more than 7 octaves. 88
The _________ has strings that are plucked by a set of plastic, leather, or quill wedges. harpsichord
The _______________ has many sets of pipes controlled from several keyboards, including a pedal keyboard. pipe organ
The instructor’s email is [email protected]
The instructor’s name is both Meredith and Nikki
Which of the following is not a brass instrument? bassoon
The 17th century refers to what span of years? 1600’s
A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
If a flute player were to play a solo without any other accompaniment, the texture would be monophonic
A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as legato
In musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five horizontal lines called a staff
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years 1750-1820
Many conductors use a thin stick called a ________ to beat time and indicate pulse and tempo baton
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is polyphonic
Homophonic texture consists of one main melody accompanied by chords
Modulation refers to a shift from one key to another within the same composition
Tonality is another term for key
A gradual slowing down of tempo is indicated by the term ritardando
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic
A chord is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody in a short detached manner
The term ___________ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music. tempo
A virtuoso is a performer who has developed an extraordinary technical mastery
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Music Flashcards

Music Ch 4

Debussy’s music tends to sound free and almost improvisational
The faun evoked in Debussy’s famous composition is a creature who is half man, half goat
As a result of his trips abroad, Debussy developed a lifelong interest in the music of Russia
Debussy’s opera Pelléas et Mélisande is an almost word-for-word setting of the symbolist play by Maurice Maeterlinck
At the Paris International Exhibition of 1889 Debussy was strongly influenced by the performances of Asian music
The poem which inspired the Prelude to The Afternoon of a Faun was written by Stéphane Mallarmé
In order to drown the sense of tonality, Debussy All answers are correct
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Music Flashcards

Study Guide for 20th Century Music: Part 2

Study Guide for 20th Century Music: Part 2Note: On question 22 of this study guide, you will be asked to match composers to the techniques or movements they used or belonged to (Stravinsky, Hindemith, Varese, Cage).
1. 20th Century Neo-Classicism is closely related to 18th century Neo-classicism.TrueFalse False
2. 18th century Neo-Classicism looks back to the Greek and Roman styles while the 20th century Neo-Classicism looked back to many styles, genres, and forms of the past.TrueFalse True
3. Stravinsky’s style remained the same throughout his career—he did not react to events occurring in society around him.TrueFalse False
4. Composer Paul Hindemitha. continued the traditions of Expressionist composers before him.b. emulated the dense polyphonic textures of Bach.c. employed a more frenzied tempo and a more 20th century style of harmony and instrumentation.d. composed in an old fashioned, Baroque style. b. emulated the dense polyphonic textures of Bach.c. employed a more frenzied tempo and a more 20th century style of harmony and instrumentation.
5. World War II brought all previously held beliefs into question and essentially seemed to give permission to artists to break every musical or artistic rule in the book.TrueFalse True
6. Initially, the Russian revolution of 1917a. banned modern music and art.b. supported innovation in search of a new Russian artistic voice.c. reinstated the Czar and old style Russian music.d. favored French musical styles. b. supported innovation in search of a new Russian artistic voice.
7. The Russian Association of Proletarian Musica. supported innovation in music and modern style.b. produced music exclusively for use by proletarians.c. espoused conventional, conservative music rooted in folk and popular traditions.d. tried to achieve mind control through music. c. espoused conventional, conservative music rooted in folk and popular traditions.
8. A formalist was a composer whoa. was prone to mimic subversive European models.b. wrote in strict classical forms.c. always wore a tuxedo.d. had very nice manners and formal speech. a. was prone to mimic subversive European models.
9. Stalin was a lover of the arts, but used them for propaganda.TrueFalse True
10. Which of the following is the most accurate concerning Dimitri Shostakovich?a. He gave up his artistic ideals in support of the state.b. He upheld his artistic ideals in the face of persecution from the state.c. He seemed to walk a fine line between his ideals and state demands in order to survive.d. He loved to dance the tango. c. He seemed to walk a fine line between his ideals and state demands in order to survive.
11. Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 5a. has much in common with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.b. changes from minor to major in the last movement.c. may represent the triumph over fate.d. has a nice disco section in the third movement. a. has much in common with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.b. changes from minor to major in the last movement.c. may represent the triumph over fate.
12. Total or Integral Serialism is a mathematically based way to write music which systematically abandons all vestiges of tonality and traditional organization in music.TrueFalse True
13. Total serialism applies the 12-tone technique toa. pitch.b. rhythm.c. dynamics.d. neo-classicism. b. rhythm.c. dynamics.
14. John Cage’s philosophy that music and art should be “…an affirmation of life—not an attempt to bridge order out of chaos nor to suggest improvements in creation, but simply a way of waking up to the very life we’re living” is clearly manifest ina. his choice of clothing.b. his composition 4’33.”c. total serialism.d. impressionism. b. his composition 4’33.”
15. What is a prepared piano?a. A piano that is tuned and carefully polished to a lustrous shine before the performanceb. A piano made out of exotic woods from third world countriesc. A piano with various objects or materials inserted in the strings in order to derive non-traditional sounds—used almost as a percussion instrumentd. A piano played by a musician who practices diligently c. A piano with various objects or materials inserted in the strings in order to derive non-traditional sounds—used almost as a percussion instrument
16. Graphic notationa. removes the restrictions of normal music notation.b. allows for greater creativity by the performer.c. employs color and shape to communicate musical possibilities.d. is an intricate notation system employing graph paper. a. removes the restrictions of normal music notation.b. allows for greater creativity by the performer.c. employs color and shape to communicate musical possibilities.
17. The technique of recording everyday sounds and then manipulating them for use in a musical work is calleda. electronic music.b. music concrete. (museek concray)c. magnetic tape.d. indeterminacy. a. electronic music.b. music concrete. (museek concray)
18. Phillip Glass described some 20th century composers as “maniacal creeps.”TrueFalse True
19. Neo-Romanticism looked to the past again for inspiration to produce works that are powerful and emotive.TrueFalse True
20. Minimalism strove for a new, meditative simplicity.TrueFalse True
21. Match the composer to the musical technique or movement:
Stravinsky __ b. Neo‐Classicism
Hindemith ____ b. Neo‐Classicism
Varese ____ c. Electronic music
Cage ____ a. Chance music or indeterminacy
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Keyboard Assessment

The term controller refers to: The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument
Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments. False
The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize. False
What instrument plays this example? (1:09) Organ
What instrument plays this example? (2:06) Piano
Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra. True
The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________. Recital
The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself. False
What instrument plays this example? (1:43) Harpsichord?
What instrument plays this example? (5:37) Synthesizer