Categories
Music Flashcards

Music 105 Quiz 8: The 20th Century

Which system was invented to solve the problem of giving structure to atonal music?A. PentatonicB. Whole-toneC. Twelve ToneD. ModernismE. Impressionism Twelve-tone
The music of Béla Bartók is representative of which of the following trends?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. NationalismD. MinimalismE. Nationalism Nationalism
Which work sparked a riot at its premiere?A Don GiovanniB PucciniC Pierrot LunaireD WozzeckE Rite of spring Rite of Spring
Listen and respond. Why is this work important historically? (LISTENING) It’s the first work by an African-American composer played by a major symphony orchestra
Which composer brought “chance operations” into musical composition?A Aaron CoplandB Charles IvesC Arnold SchoebergD John CageE Igor Stravinsky John Cage
Match each composer with the work that he wrote:4’33″Poème ElectroniqueThe Rite of SpringAppalachian SpringPierrot Lunaire – 4’33” — John Cage- Poème Electronique– Edgard Varese- The Rite of Spring– Igor Stravinsky- Appalachian Spring– Aaron Copland- Pierrot Lunaire– Arnold Schoenberg
PIERROT LUNAIRE is an example of which trend?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. ExpressionismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Expressionism
Which statement best describes a “prepared piano”?A. A piano that has been tuned perfectlyB. A piano whose lid and pedals have been removedC. Another name for “fortepiano”D. A piano with bolts, screws, and other objects stuck between the strings A piano with bolts, screws, and other objects stuck between the strings
Impressionism as an artistic movement was largely centered inA. Germany/AustriaB. U.S.C. SpainD. FranceE. Italy France
“Pierrot Lunaire” features which tonal language or harmonic style?A. WaldvogelB. AtonalC. Whole ToneD. Tonal Atonal
Expressionism as an artistic movement was largely centered inA. Germany/AustriaB. U.S.C. SpainD. FranceE. Italy Germany / Austria
The “tone row” is an essential component of which system?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. TonalityD. Twelve-toneE. Pentatonic Twelve- Tone
Who was the composer of the “Poème Electronique”?A Carl RugglesB CoplandC VaréseD CageE Stravinsky Varèse
Who was the leader of the Second Viennese School?A. Arnold SchoenbergB. Igor StravinskyC. Anton WebernD. Alban BergE. Béla Bartôk Arnold Schoenberg
“Pierrot Lunaire” is aA OperaB SymphonyC Song CycleD BalletE Oratorio Song cycle
What kind of ensemble plays in “Pierrot Lunaire”?A. ORCHESTRAB. STRING QUARTETC. CHORUSD. CHAMBER ENSEMBLE Chamber ensemble
Listen and respond. What is the name for the vocal style of this work? (LISTENING) Sprechstimme
“Appalachian Spring” is a …A OperaB SymphonyC Song CycleD BalletE Oratorio Ballet
Claude Debussy is most closely associated with which trend?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. PrimitivismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Impressionism
Who was the first composer with a distinctly American style?A. Samuel Barber B. Aaron CoplandC. Charles IvesD William Grant StillE. Igor Stravinsky Charles Ives
Listen and respond. Who is the composer of this work? William Grant Still
Which visual arts movement was interested in the play of light on surfaces?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. PrimitivismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Impressionism
In which genre did Stravinsky have his first big successes?A OperaB CantataC OratorioD SymphonyE Ballet Ballet
Match each question item with the appropriate composer:Recorded peasant songs on wax cylinders in the early 1900s Invented the 12-tone technique Invented the prepared piano Wrote electronic music and “musique concrète”Composer of the “Afro-American” symphonyused whole-tone scales, pentatonic scales, and parallelismWrote a ballet based on Billy the Kid Recorded peasant songs on wax cylinders in the early 1900s BELA BARTOKInvented the 12-tone technique ARNOLD SCHOENBERGInvented the prepared piano JOHN CAGEWrote electronic music and “musique concrète”EDGARD VARESEComposer of the “Afro-American” symphonyWILLIAM GRANT STILL used whole-tone scales, pentatonic scales, and parallelismCLAUDE DEBUSSYWrote a ballet based on Billy the KidAARON COPLAND
Charles Ives was an American nationalist composer.T/F True
Which of the following is NOT true of Anton Webern’s works?A. They tend to be very shortB. The texture is very sparseC. They have colorful orchestrationD. They feature long, lyrical melodies They feature long, lyrical melodies
Which style is based on the repetition of short motives that gradually change over time?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. PrimitivismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Minimalism
Which work features barbaric rhythms and suggestive primal dance?A Appalachian SpringB WozzeckC The Rite of SpringD Einstein on the Beach The Rite of Spring
Which of the following is the equivalent of musical patriotism?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. NationalismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Nationalism
This vocal technique is defined as half-way between speaking and singing:A. Bel CantoB. SingspielC. SprechstimmeD. OperaE. Bayreuth Sprechstimme
Which trend is characterized by dark, disturbing images in visual arts and poetry?A ImpressionismB ExpressionismC Nationalism Expressionism
Which of the following are characteristics of the impressionist style? (mark all that apply)A Pentatonic scalesB Whole-tone scaleC Tone RowD Colorful orchestrationE Sprechstimme Colorful orchestrationPentatonic scalesWhole-tone scale
Which composer invented the “Prepared Piano”?A. Henry PurcellB. Aaron CoplandC. John CageD William Grant StillE. Igor Stravinsky John Cage
Which of the following works is a balletA. The MoldauB Don GiovanniC Short Ride in a Fast MachineD The Rite of Spring The Rite of Spring
Aaron Copland’s music exemplifies which trend?A. ImpressionismB. NationalismC. PrimitivismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Nationalism
Which composer is known for writing extremely short works?A. AdamsB. WebernC. BeethovenD. SchoebergE. Stravinsky Webern
Claude Debussy is seen as a transitional figure from the 19th to the 20th century in music.T/F True
Atonal works are common in which trend?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. PrimitivismD. ExpressionismE. Monotonism Expressionism
Which was the artistic movement that led to abstraction in visual art and to atonality in music?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. PrimitivismD. MinimalismE. Monotonism Modernism
The opera WOZZECK represents which trend?A. ImpressionismB. ModernismC. PrimitivismD. ExpressionismE. Monotonism Expressionism
Charles Ives was an American nationalist composer. (True/ False) True
Categories
Music Flashcards

Microeconomics Module 4

Which of the following scenarios would likely shift the supply curve for potatoes to the right (increase in supply)? A new harvester enables farmers to bring in ripe potatoes twice as fast as they did before.
An “increase in the quantity supplied” suggests a movement up and to the right along the supply curve.
A decrease in supply is depicted by a shift from S2 to S1.
An increase in the supply of music downloads indicates that more music downloads will be supplied, even if prices of music downloads stayed the same.
The figure above shows three supply curves for wheat. Which of the following would cause the quantity of wheat supplied to increase from point a to point b? an increase in the price of wheat
Which of the following would cause a rightward shift of the supply curve for cell-phone services? a decrease in the wages of workers employed by cell-phone companies
Because of the significant snow fall in the plains this year, the supply of fertilizer to Washington State’s apple farmers substantially decreased. As a result, the price of fertilizer has increased in Washington State. This statement indicates the amount of apples that will be available at various prices will decline.
Which of the following statements is true about supply? As price increases, producers are willing and able to put more of the good on the market for sale.
All else being equal, if the price of a product decreases, we would expect quantity supplied to decrease.
In order to derive the market supply curve from individual supply curves, we add up the various quantities that individual sellers are willing and able to supply at different prices.
If there were 100 sellers in the market, each with a supply schedule identical to seller 2 in the table above, then the weekly quantity of hamburgers supplied in the market at a price of $5 would be 500.
1 If there were 300 sellers in the market, each with a supply schedule identical to seller 1 in the table above, then the weekly quantity of hamburgers supplied in the market at a price of $2 would be 600
Which one of the following is not assumed to be constant when the supply curve for a product is drawn? price of the product
Farmers withholding some of their current corn harvest from the market because they anticipate a higher price of corn in the near future would cause a leftward shift in the current supply of corn.
What is the quantity of bouquets supplied if the market price is $25? 30
Suppose the market price rises from $25 per bouquet to $35 per bouquet. The quantity of bouquets supplied will increase by 30 bouquets.
How many pounds of peaches will be supplied to the market when the price is $8 per pound? 33,000
At a price of $1.00 per head of lettuce, the original quantity supplied was BLANK heads of lettuce and the new quantity supplied is BLANK heads of lettuce. 160; 210
Categories
Music Flashcards

Keyboard Assessment

The term controller refers to: The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument
Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments. False
The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize. False
What instrument plays this example? (1:09) Organ
What instrument plays this example? (2:06) Piano
Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra. True
The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________. Recital
The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself. False
What instrument plays this example? (1:43) Harpsichord?
What instrument plays this example? (5:37) Synthesizer
Categories
Music Flashcards

Study Guide for 20th Century Music: Part 2

Study Guide for 20th Century Music: Part 2Note: On question 22 of this study guide, you will be asked to match composers to the techniques or movements they used or belonged to (Stravinsky, Hindemith, Varese, Cage).
1. 20th Century Neo-Classicism is closely related to 18th century Neo-classicism.TrueFalse False
2. 18th century Neo-Classicism looks back to the Greek and Roman styles while the 20th century Neo-Classicism looked back to many styles, genres, and forms of the past.TrueFalse True
3. Stravinsky’s style remained the same throughout his career—he did not react to events occurring in society around him.TrueFalse False
4. Composer Paul Hindemitha. continued the traditions of Expressionist composers before him.b. emulated the dense polyphonic textures of Bach.c. employed a more frenzied tempo and a more 20th century style of harmony and instrumentation.d. composed in an old fashioned, Baroque style. b. emulated the dense polyphonic textures of Bach.c. employed a more frenzied tempo and a more 20th century style of harmony and instrumentation.
5. World War II brought all previously held beliefs into question and essentially seemed to give permission to artists to break every musical or artistic rule in the book.TrueFalse True
6. Initially, the Russian revolution of 1917a. banned modern music and art.b. supported innovation in search of a new Russian artistic voice.c. reinstated the Czar and old style Russian music.d. favored French musical styles. b. supported innovation in search of a new Russian artistic voice.
7. The Russian Association of Proletarian Musica. supported innovation in music and modern style.b. produced music exclusively for use by proletarians.c. espoused conventional, conservative music rooted in folk and popular traditions.d. tried to achieve mind control through music. c. espoused conventional, conservative music rooted in folk and popular traditions.
8. A formalist was a composer whoa. was prone to mimic subversive European models.b. wrote in strict classical forms.c. always wore a tuxedo.d. had very nice manners and formal speech. a. was prone to mimic subversive European models.
9. Stalin was a lover of the arts, but used them for propaganda.TrueFalse True
10. Which of the following is the most accurate concerning Dimitri Shostakovich?a. He gave up his artistic ideals in support of the state.b. He upheld his artistic ideals in the face of persecution from the state.c. He seemed to walk a fine line between his ideals and state demands in order to survive.d. He loved to dance the tango. c. He seemed to walk a fine line between his ideals and state demands in order to survive.
11. Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 5a. has much in common with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.b. changes from minor to major in the last movement.c. may represent the triumph over fate.d. has a nice disco section in the third movement. a. has much in common with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.b. changes from minor to major in the last movement.c. may represent the triumph over fate.
12. Total or Integral Serialism is a mathematically based way to write music which systematically abandons all vestiges of tonality and traditional organization in music.TrueFalse True
13. Total serialism applies the 12-tone technique toa. pitch.b. rhythm.c. dynamics.d. neo-classicism. b. rhythm.c. dynamics.
14. John Cage’s philosophy that music and art should be “…an affirmation of life—not an attempt to bridge order out of chaos nor to suggest improvements in creation, but simply a way of waking up to the very life we’re living” is clearly manifest ina. his choice of clothing.b. his composition 4’33.”c. total serialism.d. impressionism. b. his composition 4’33.”
15. What is a prepared piano?a. A piano that is tuned and carefully polished to a lustrous shine before the performanceb. A piano made out of exotic woods from third world countriesc. A piano with various objects or materials inserted in the strings in order to derive non-traditional sounds—used almost as a percussion instrumentd. A piano played by a musician who practices diligently c. A piano with various objects or materials inserted in the strings in order to derive non-traditional sounds—used almost as a percussion instrument
16. Graphic notationa. removes the restrictions of normal music notation.b. allows for greater creativity by the performer.c. employs color and shape to communicate musical possibilities.d. is an intricate notation system employing graph paper. a. removes the restrictions of normal music notation.b. allows for greater creativity by the performer.c. employs color and shape to communicate musical possibilities.
17. The technique of recording everyday sounds and then manipulating them for use in a musical work is calleda. electronic music.b. music concrete. (museek concray)c. magnetic tape.d. indeterminacy. a. electronic music.b. music concrete. (museek concray)
18. Phillip Glass described some 20th century composers as “maniacal creeps.”TrueFalse True
19. Neo-Romanticism looked to the past again for inspiration to produce works that are powerful and emotive.TrueFalse True
20. Minimalism strove for a new, meditative simplicity.TrueFalse True
21. Match the composer to the musical technique or movement:
Stravinsky __ b. Neo‐Classicism
Hindemith ____ b. Neo‐Classicism
Varese ____ c. Electronic music
Cage ____ a. Chance music or indeterminacy
Categories
Music Flashcards

MUSIC APPRECIATION FINAL!

What are 8 elements of music? melodyrhythmharmony texturetimbredynamicsformword-music relationships
Castrati the term used for male singers who were castrated before puberty to retain a soprano or alto voice.
Music can be defined as an art based on the organization of sounds in time
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called pitch
The __________ of a sound is decided by the frequency of its vibrations. pitch
If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at ___________cycles. 440
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called pitch range
Dynamics in music refers to degrees of loudness and softness
When notating music for others to read, composers traditionally have used ____________ words to indicate dynamics. Italian
A gradual increase in loudness is known as a crescendo
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a _____________ diminunendo
Timbre is synonymous with ____________. tone color
Which of the following is not a normal classification of male voice ranges? contralto
When the string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down, it is called vibrato
Woodwind instruments are so named because they were originally made of wood
A thin piece of cane, used singly or in pairs by woodwind players, is called a reed
Which of the following is not a double reed instrument? clarinet
The ____________ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch. timpani
The piano has ____________ keys, spanning more than 7 octaves. 88
The _________ has strings that are plucked by a set of plastic, leather, or quill wedges. harpsichord
The _______________ has many sets of pipes controlled from several keyboards, including a pedal keyboard. pipe organ
The instructor’s email is [email protected]
The instructor’s name is both Meredith and Nikki
Which of the following is not a brass instrument? bassoon
The 17th century refers to what span of years? 1600’s
A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
If a flute player were to play a solo without any other accompaniment, the texture would be monophonic
A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as legato
In musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five horizontal lines called a staff
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years 1750-1820
Many conductors use a thin stick called a ________ to beat time and indicate pulse and tempo baton
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is polyphonic
Homophonic texture consists of one main melody accompanied by chords
Modulation refers to a shift from one key to another within the same composition
Tonality is another term for key
A gradual slowing down of tempo is indicated by the term ritardando
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic
A chord is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody in a short detached manner
The term ___________ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music. tempo
A virtuoso is a performer who has developed an extraordinary technical mastery
The earliest chant manuscripts show simple symbols above the texts, indicating motion of the pitch up or down.
In Hildegard’s PLAY OF VIRTUES, Satan does not sing, but shouts his lines
Gregorian Chant is named after Pope Gregory I, who was said to have written the bulk of the standard chants, according to later legend.
syllabic setting is text set to one note per syllable.
Melismatic refers to text set to multiple notes per syllable.
Gregorian chant during the Middle Ages was chiefly monophonic in texture.
An important female composer of the Middle Ages was Hildegard of Bingen.
Plainchant consists of melody sung alone or by a group in unison.
Which of the following is NOT true of Gregorian chant? It is polyphonic in texture.
Monophonic chant appears in cultures throughout the world and across historical epochs.
In Francesoco Landini’s BEHOLD SPRING, the two voices are similar, yet the rhythms often diverge, then return to unison at a cadence.
Organum was built by layering melodic lines above existing plainchant melodies.
_____________ are to music as periods are to verbal expression, indicating the end of a unit of thought. Cadences
Composers create musical form using all of the following EXCEPT: convolution
In the Middle Ages every musical document had to be written by hand.
Guillaume de Machaut’s MESSE DE NOSTRE DAME is the first polyphonic setting of the Mass Ordinary by a single composer.
In addition to being a composer, Machaut was famous for his work as a poet.
Two double-reed instruments used today are the bassoon and the oboe.
Two single reed instruments used today are the clarinet and saxophone.
Monophony is when all instruments play the same notes together, in unison.
Heterophony is when two instruments play the same melody, but with different embellishments.
How do we know that drums were central to many instrumental ensembles in the Middle Ages? paintings
Many composers in the Middle Ages are now anonymous.
Pitch in music refers to the highness or lowness of a sound
The teacher of this course is The teacher’s name is both Meredith and Nikki.
Opera is best described as a drama sung from beginning to end.
The first oratorios were based on stories from the Bible.
A type of opera singing that lies somewhere between singing and speaking is called recitative.
The main keyboard instruments of the Baroque period were the organ and the harpsichord.
Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by Henry Purcell.
Baroque style flourished in music during the period 1600-1750.
A baroque musical composition usually expresses ______________ within the same movement. one basic mood
Foreign-language opera should probably not be sung in English for all of the following reasons EXCEPT It is impossible to create an opera in English that can be easily understood because of all the consonants and dialects.
The more lyrical numbers in opera that convey deeper feeling are called arias
Chamber music was written for an intimate setting, such as a small room with a small group of instruments.
_____________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech. Recitative
The word movement in music normally refers to a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
The ______________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices. conductor
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach
A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called oratorio.
The term “program music” refers to a(n) instrumental work that is in some way associated with a story, event, or idea.
The one musical genre in which Bach did not compose was that of operas.
Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing _____________ back to life. Eurydice
An __________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work. overture
The castrati possessed both the high range of a woman’s voice and the physical power of a man’s voice.
There are more _______ in an orchestra than any other instrument. violins
Handel’s Messiah is an example of an oratorio.
An ____________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action. opera
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes.
The oratorio is musically very similar to an opera, but is unstated and based on a sacred topic.
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a repeat sign.
Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of Esterházy
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for instrumental soloist and orchestra.
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in ________ form. sonata
The most important form of classical chamber music is the string quartet.
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello.
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western art music, roughly encompassed the years 1750-1800
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as A A’ A” A”’
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called a cadenza.
A common rondo pattern is ABACABA
The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in _______________ form. ABA
The musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the ________ and ________ periods. classical, romantic
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a small room.
Sonata form consists of four main sections: exposition, development, _________ and coda recapitulation.
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement the second theme is in a new key.
Throughout the Classical Era, artists in every field looked to ___________ as a model. nature
In the 18th century, writers began to describe musical structure in terms of language
The first movement of a Classical Era string quartet usually is in a fast tempo, in what came to be known as “sonata form.”
Which is the lowest voice of the string quartet? cello
The kind of phrase structure with antecedent and consequent units is called the ___________ structure. Periodic phrase
Mozart was a child prodogy
In Mozart’s THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, who is the Count hoping to seduce? Susanna
In Mozart’s THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, who is Basilio? the music teacher
In Mozart’s THE MARRIAGE OF FIGARO, which role is the “pants role,” meaning a male role played by a female? Cherubino
Schubert’s songs number more than 600
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than nature
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as nationalism.
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the nocturne.
In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a _________ movement instead of the minuet. scherzo
Program music is instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called program music.
Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and of her close friend Johannes Brahms.
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as an étude.
An art song is a musical composition for solo voice and piano.
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a postlude
Which of the following composers is NOT associated with the romantic period? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which of the following operas was not composed by Giacomo Puccini? I Pagliacci
The course of Brahm’s artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer Robert Schumann and his wife Clara.
The famous aria La donna è mobile is taken from Verdi’s opera Rigoletto.
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the idée fixe
Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years 1820-1900
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as rubato.
Which of the following is NOT a ballet by Tchaikovsky? Coppelia
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as exoticism.
The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of death
Setting each strophe of the poem to the same music is simple __________ form. strophic.
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a light for her candle.
Which of the following is movement 4 of Berlioz’s SYMPHONIE FANTASTIQUE March to the Scaffold
Richard Wagner spins an orchestral web out of recurrent musical themes called leitmotifs
“Scat singing,” which Louis Armstrong introduced into jazz, is vocalization of a melodic line with nonsense syllables.
Although jazz began in bars and brothels, it is now considered an American art form.
Philip Glass’s Einstein on the Beach is an example of __________ music. minimalist
Minimalist music is characterized by a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns.
When a voice is answered by an instrument, or when one instrument (or group of instruments) is answered by a chorus, the pattern is referred to as call and response.
Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in France.
An eerily expressive kind of declamation midway between song and speech, introduced during the expressionist period, is sprechstimme
A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a _________ scale and has NO half steps. whole-tone
Impressionism in music is characterized by a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity.
Alban Berg and Anton Webern were Arnold Schoenberg’s students.
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.
______________ is generally acknowledged as the “king of ragtime.” Scott Joplin
The absence of key or atonality in a musical composition is known as atonality.
Based on what you’ve listened to and studied, music in the early twentieth century was a time of revolt and change.
The deliberate evocation of primitive power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds is known as primitivism.
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called polytonality.
The most important impressionist composer was Claude Debussy.
The major center of jazz from about 1900 to 1917 was New Orleans.
The most famous blues singer of the 1920’s, known as the “empress of blues,” was Bessie Smith.
The term impressionist derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to Impression: Sunrise, a painting by Claude Monet.
Ragtime’s legacy for jazz includes syncopations
Music can be defined as an art based on the organization of sounds in time
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called pitch
The __________ of a sound is decided by the frequency of its vibrations. pitch
If a pitch vibrates at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at ___________cycles. 440
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called pitch range
Dynamics in music refers to degrees of loudness and softness
When notating music for others to read, composers traditionally have used ____________ words to indicate dynamics. Italian
A gradual increase in loudness is known as a crescendo
A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a _____________ diminunendo
Timbre is synonymous with ____________. tone color
Which of the following is not a normal classification of male voice ranges? contralto
When the string player causes small pitch fluctuations by rocking the left hand while pressing the string down, it is called vibrato
Woodwind instruments are so named because they were originally made of wood
A thin piece of cane, used singly or in pairs by woodwind players, is called a reed
Which of the following is not a double reed instrument? clarinet
The ____________ are the only orchestral drums of definite pitch. timpani
The piano has ____________ keys, spanning more than 7 octaves. 88
The _________ has strings that are plucked by a set of plastic, leather, or quill wedges. harpsichord
The _______________ has many sets of pipes controlled from several keyboards, including a pedal keyboard. pipe organ
The instructor’s email is [email protected]
The instructor’s name is both Meredith and Nikki
Which of the following is not a brass instrument? bassoon
The 17th century refers to what span of years? 1600’s
A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively pianissimo, piano, fortissimo
If a flute player were to play a solo without any other accompaniment, the texture would be monophonic
A smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as legato
In musical notation, pitches are written on a set of five horizontal lines called a staff
Classicism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years 1750-1820
Many conductors use a thin stick called a ________ to beat time and indicate pulse and tempo baton
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is polyphonic
Homophonic texture consists of one main melody accompanied by chords
Modulation refers to a shift from one key to another within the same composition
Tonality is another term for key
A gradual slowing down of tempo is indicated by the term ritardando
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic
A chord is a combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody in a short detached manner
The term ___________ refers to the rate of speed of the beat of the music. tempo
A virtuoso is a performer who has developed an extraordinary technical mastery
Categories
Music Flashcards

Appreciation of Music Chapter 22 Practice Test

What is the masque an English form of entertainment that combined music, poetry, and dance.
True or False, Monteverdi was one of the first great composers of opera True
At the time of Monteverdi’s opera The Coronation of Poppea, what type of opera houses were beginning to open in Venice? Public
True or False, Early opera was originally designed to reflect the manner in which seventeenth-century aristocrats sung their conversations to each other on a daily basis. False
The libretto for Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas is based on The Aeneid
What is “Thy hand, Belinda,” as sung by Dido in Purcell’s opera? recitative
What is a speechlike vocal line called? a recitative
What is the structural basis for Dido’s Lament in Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas? ground bass
Why does Dido sing a lament at the end of Purcell’s opera? Aeneas left her
What is Liberetto? the text/script of an opera
What is an aria? a song, usually of a highly emotional nature
What is an overture? an orchestral introduction
What is a recitative? The sung dialogue that moves the plot along
What are the purely instrumental genres that can be included in an opera? sinfonia and overture
Which genres involve solo voices recitative, aria, and chorus
Which of the following correctly describe Henry Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas It was first performed at a girls’ school in LondonThe opera ends tragically.It is based on Virgil’s Aeneid.It is not sung in ItalianDido and Aenas did not live happily ever after
What is an opera a large-scale drama that is sung
What characterizes a recitative? advancement of plot, imitation of speechnot: lyrical song, action frozen in time
What characterizes the aria genre? frozen action, lyrical song, highly emotionalnot: imitation of speech, advancement of action
In opera highly emotional songs that freeze narrative time are called arias. Because of their lyrical and detached nature, arias are often sung on their own in recitals, out of context of the opera.
Categories
Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation Final

Fortissimo means to do what? play very loudly
True or False? Some of the earliest music consisted almost entirely of rhythm, in the form of drumming or clapping. True
True or False? The music industry shrank during the 1970s since few people were interested in disco. False
Dorian mode begins on what note? D
What means “the movement of different voices against one another” in Latin? Motet
What was the Samaveda? A collection of hymns
True or False? The creation of music charts helped to shape and to encourage the growth of rock and pop music. True
Which composer was known for his instrumental consort compositions? William Byrd
True or False? Melodic phrases are groups or sets of notes that make sense together, express a musical idea, and when combined, create the melody. True
Which culture studied music through the lens of mathematics and science? Greeks
Which was one of the first instruments that prehistoric people probably used? Voices
Which artist is an example of someone who was popular for disco? Donna Summer
Which of the following is a type of popular music?Rock Country Jazz All of the above All of the above
What was a type of wheel fiddle? Hurdy-gurdy
Popular music is said to reflect the tastes and preferences of which social class? Middle class
“Do, Re, Me, Fa, So, La, Ti, Do” represents what? scale
What is true of viols? It is played with a bow
What is a musical piece in which one solo instrument (such as a piano or violin) is accompanied by an orchestra? concerto
Prehistoric or primitive music comes from what type of cultures? preliterate
Which advancement helped singers develop a more intimate singing style? microphones
True or False? The modes used for Gregorian chants all begin on the note E. False
What is a series of musical notes that have been strung together? melody
True or False? Chants were commonly used by monks during religious services. True
What was a characteristic of Palestrina’s compositions? dissonance placed on the “weak” beat
True or False? No one really cares or should care about the elements of music. False
True or False? During Medieval times, secular music was outlawed by the church and was not played. False
True or False? William Byrd was known for producing instrumental pieces for consorts. True
True or False? The so-called British Invasion, which included the Beatles, happened in the 1980s. False
True or False? The Renaissance period in general was considered a time of rebirth in the arts and culture. True
True or False? Chants were also called plainsong. True
True or False? The tempo of a piece is objective; all composers interpret the tempo directions in the same way. False
What is a song that follows the thirty-two bar form? You’ve Lost That Loving Feeling
True or False? Tempo is the frequency of a sound and it relates to the highness or lowness of a tone that we hear. False
What invention increased the recognition of composers and made music more available? Printing Press
What was a popular trend in the 1990s? Boy Bands
What is a low female voice? Alto
True or False? Pop music no longer exists in the twenty-first century. It has been replaced by other music genres. False
A Renaissance consort typically had how many instruments? Six
True or False? Form is the combination of musical elements like rhythm, pitch, and melody. True
True or False? One of the reasons why the chorale gained such a foothold was that the printing press allowed for hymnbooks to be published. True
True or False? Composers are mostly concerned with pitch and are less concerned with rhythm. False
In Pech Merle, red painted dots note what about the spot? The spot is where sound best echoes.
What is a typical theme in pop music songs? Love
True or False? Music videos gave pop musicians a visible presence that helped them sell more music. True
Which philosopher laid some of the foundations for modern music theory? Aristotle
The early Egyptians are thought to have used what type of scale? 5-tone
Which of the following is NOT a pop artist in the last decade?Johann Sebastian BachMadonna Justin Bieber Lady GaGa Johann Sebastian Bach
True or False? A madrigal proper was through-composed. True
Pop music appeals to which type of audience? A broad audience
Who commissioned simple melodies for the new Protestant church? Martin Luther
True or False? The music of the Baroque period is the first to be among the musical pieces that people today are generally familiar with. True
What does opera combine music with? Text
True or False? Bach’s family included over 50 notable composers and musicians. True
True or False? Opera seria puts a greater emphasis on the experienced and masterful singer. True
What does the word “opera” mean in Italian? Work
What composer was a transitional figure between Renaissance music and Baroque music? Monteverdi
True or False? Handel was nicknamed “The Red Priest.” False
True or False? Monteverdi went blind before his death. False
True or False? Literally, the word courante means running. As such, the dance is fast paced. True
What is a musical notation using numbers to indicate chords, intervals, and other aspects in relation to the bass note of the music? Figured bass
What does the Portuguese word for “Baroque” mean? misshapen pearl
True or False? The modern orchestra developed during the Baroque period. True
True or False? Handel composed Music for the Royal Fireworks. True
Which composer wrote The Messiah? Georg Frederic Handel
What modern instrument was created during the Baroque period? Violin
Which composer was known as the “Father of the Symphony”? Joseph Haydn
Which composer experienced hearing loss during his lifetime? Ludwig Von Beethoven
In the Classical period, composers sought to create what type of music? more down to earth
True or False? Individuals during the Classical era were interested in ancient civilizations. True
True or False? The Age of Enlightenment overlapped with the Classical period. True
True or False? Bach, Handel, and Mozart make up the Viennese School. False
True or False? A sonata is a large scale composition that is played (rather than sung). True
True or False? “Moonlight Sonata” was composed by Haydn. False
True or False? Mozart began composing music by the age of five. True
What is the first part of the sonata form? Exposition
Which composer worked for the Esterhazy family? Joseph Haydn
True or False? Beethoven is a transitional figure between the Classical era and the Romantic era of music. True
True or False? Almost all of the works of the Classical era included vocal parts. False
Which part of the sonata form creates tension and drama? Development
True or False? The only form of music that Beethoven composed in was piano concertos. False
What do Choral symphonies add to the traditional symphony? Singers
True or False? Brahms often used conventional and traditional forms and techniques in his work. True
Of the following, what is true about music from the Romantic period? -It was more precise and conformed than that of the Classical period. -Virtually all of the music is vocal or choral music. -It was longer and less constrained than the music of the Classical period. -The only theme of the music was love. It was longer and less constrained than the music of the Classical period.
Who created the symphonic poem? Franz Liszt
Whose funeral march was played at the funeral of JFK? Frederic Chopin
True or False? Johann Strauss I pushed his son to become a composer and musician. False
True or False? Tchaikovsky wrote “1812 Overture.” True
True or False? Instruments were less reliable in the Romantic period than they had been during the Renaissance period. False
What aspect of instruments improved during the Romantic period? Valves
Who composed the “Wedding March?” Felix Mendelssohn
Early Romantic music was influenced by which composer? Ludwig von Beethoven
The Romantic period ended before which event? World War I
Who of the following is an example of a nationalist Romantic Composer?-Brahms-Mozart-Chopin -Tchaikovsky Tchaikovsky
True or False? The Romantic period of music emphasized reason and form over emotion and feeling. False
The music of the Romantic period is all about what? Emotion
Hot Five was the famous band of which musician? Louis Armstrong
True or False? Miles Davis is known for being a swing jazz musician. False
True or False? Jazz music has nothing in common with classical music. False
What is true of Bebop?It featured frequent chord changes It was meant to be danced to It was one of the slower forms of jazz It featured frequent chord changes
Count Basie is known for playing which instrument? Piano
True or False? Modal jazz was much more popular than swing/big band music. False
True or False? New Orleans was the birthplace of jazz. True
True or False? Free jazz relies on traditional structures and forms. False
What was the first form of jazz to develop? Classic Jazz
King Oliver pioneered the use of what in jazz? Mutes
Jazz was mostly created by which group? African Americans
Which of the following musicians is known for cool jazz music?Louis Armstrong Miles Davis Count Basie Duke Ellington Miles Davis
Which jazz musician is regarded as the most innovative? Miles Davis
Jazz began where? New Orleans
True or False? Much of jazz music after the 1940s is based, to some degree, on bebop. True
Categories
Music Flashcards

Music Test #2

___________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech. Recitative
Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and ancient history
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ____________ period. late baroque
Baroque suites frequently begin with a french overture
A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the clavichord
An element of the oratorio that is especially important and serves to comment on or participate in the drama is the chorus
Characteristic of baroque trio sonatas, the second movement of Corelli’s Trio Sonata in A Minor, op. 3, no. 10, is fugue-like
The sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for one to eight instruments
Which of the following statements is not true? A. Most early baroque operas were based on Greek mythology and ancient history. B. The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks. C. The members of the Florentine Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style modeled on the music of ancient Greek tragedy. D. Polyphony was rejected by the members of the Florentine Camerata because different words sounding simultaneously would obscure the text. B. The members of the Florentine Camerata based their theories on actual dramatic music that had come down to them from the Greeks.
Melodic sequence refers to the successive repetition of a musical idea at higher or lower pitches.
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ____________ form. A. theme and variations ritornello
Speechlike melody accompanied only by a basso continuo is called secco recitative
Handel’s Messiah is an example of an oratorio
Baroque trio sonatas usually involve_______ performers four
Bach liked to illustrate religious or pictorial ideas by using musical symbolism
Which of the following statements is not true? A. So many members of the Bach family were musicians that the name Bach became synonymous with town musician. B. Even though Bach was a deeply religious and pious Lutheran, he composed what is probably the most monumental setting of the Roman Catholic Mass. C. Bach was recognized as the most eminent composer of his day. D. Bach spent the last twenty-seven years of his life in one of the most important church posts in Germany, that of director of music at St. Thomas Church in Leipzig. A. So many members of the Bach family were musicians that the name Bach became synonymous with town musician.
Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the music of the ancient greek tragedies
Oratorios first appeared in England
The_____ is an instrumental composition based on a chorale. Chorale prelude
The main theme of a fugue is called the subject
Bach’s personal muscial style was drawn from Italian concertos, french dance pieces, and german church music
Vivaldi wrote approximately ____________ concerti grossi and solo concertos. 450
Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing ____________ back to life. Eurydice
Monteverdi spent the greater part of his career in St Mark’s, Venice
The various dances of the baroque suite are usually in AABB form
A bass part together with numbers (figures) that specify the chords to be played above it is called basso continuo
Which of the following statements is not true? A. Some of Vivaldi’s instrumental concertos were arranged by J. S. Bach. B. For most of his life, Vivaldi was a violin teacher, composer, and conductor at the music school of the Pietà, an institution for orphaned or illegitimate girls in Venice. C. Like Corelli, Vivaldi wrote only instrumental music. D. Vivaldi’s solo concertos The Four Seasons are examples of baroque program music, or instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. C. Like Corelli, Vivaldi wrote only instrumental music.
When the subject of a fugue is presented in the dominant scale, it is called the answer
____________ is a musical procedure in which a fugue subject is imitated before it is Stretto
Which of the following statements is not true? A. Bach’s church music uses operatic forms such as the aria and recitative. B. The bulk of Bach’s output is instrumental music. C. Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except opera. D. Bach’s music is unique for its combination of rich harmony and polyphonic texture. B. The bulk of Bach’s output is instrumental music.
Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the ____________ family. violin
Presenting the subject of a fugue from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called retrograde
The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following except nautralistic
A two-part collection of preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor key, basic to the repertoire of keyboard players today, is Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier.
Pieces of an oratorio are usually connected together by means of a narrator’s recitatives
The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ____________ family. violin
The middle baroque was characterized by a diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe
Dido and Aeneas, which many consider to be the finest opera ever written to an English text, was composed by Henry Purcell
The stage machinery of baroque opera bordered on the colossal.
The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are fast, slow, fast.
Vivaldi spent most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in Venice
A musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart is a trill
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach
Henry Purcell’s opera Dido and Aeneas was inspired by the Aeneid, an epic poem by Virgil
In addition to being an important composer, Arcangelo Corelli was also the leading Italian ________ of his time. violinist
Modern historians use the term baroque to indicate a particular style in the arts
In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach’s cantatas closely resembled the ____________ of the time. operas
To evoke angry or warlike feelings in some of his texts, Monteverdi introduced new orchestral effects, including pizzicato and tremolo
A ____________ is a single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it. pedal point
Categories
Music Flashcards

Music04

A basic technique in thematic development is the fragmentation of themes into motives
A vocal work in which each poetic stanza is sung to the same melody is in: Strophic form
Ternary form is represented by the pattern A-B-A
The basic structural concepts in the element of form are: repetition and contrast
The form based on a statement and a departure without a return to the complete opening statement is called: binary
The quality of a work of art that represents structure or shape refers to its: form
The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as: improvisation
The term _____ describes a procedure whereby some aspects of the music are changed yet the whole remains recognizable variation
The degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called: dynamics
The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called: crescendo
The markings for tempo and dynamics contribute most directly to the ________ of a piece of music. expressive content
Which of the following dynamic markings is the softest? pianissimo (pp)
The lowest member of the double reed family listed here is: bassoon
The special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking the string with the finger is called: pizzicato
Which of the following is NOT a percussion instrument? harp
Which of the following would be classified as an unpitched percussion instrument bass drum
Musical structure generally features a balance between unity and variety true
Call and response music is common in African and Native American cultures. true
Categories
Music Flashcards

CH 42 music quiz

The premiere of Mendelssohn’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream took place in Mendelssohn’s Berlin home, conducted by Felix.
Censors did not concern themselves with political representation in nineteenth-century operas False
Edvard Grieg represents the _____ nationalist school. Scandinavian
Some of Felix Mendelssohn’s works were published under his sister’s name. False
Grieg is from which country? Norway
Grieg’s Peer Gynt is a work that suggests _________ nationalism. Scandinavian
Grieg’s Peer Gynt was the result of a collaboration with which playwright? Henrik Ibsen
Henrik Ibsen’s play Peer Gynt, is based on a Norwegian folktale.
How did nineteenth-century composers express musical nationalism? All possible answers
Which of the following was NOT a way that programmatic composers portrayed nationalistic sentiments in nineteenth-century music? utilizing ritornello form
Mendelssohn was responsible for spurring a revival of which composer’s music? J. S. Bach
Programmatic works in the nineteenth century might be based on All possible answers
The famous school of Russian nationalist composers in the nineteenth century was called The Mighty Handful.
The music to In the Hall of the Mountain King represents the wild troll daughters chasing Peer
The music to Morning Mood represents an atmospheric depiction of a sunrise
During the Romantic era, there was an increasing interest in linking instrumental music and literature. true
Which category of program music describes Grieg’s Peer Gynt? incidental music
Which category of program music describes Mendelssohn’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream? concert overture
Which composer is generally credited with creating the symphonic poem? Franz Liszt
Which death was shattering to Felix Mendelssohn and brought on his own soon thereafter? his sister, Fanny
Which is a true statement about the Mendelssohn family? All statements are true
Which of the following is a type of program music written to accompany plays? incidental music
Which term describes a one-movement work for orchestra with a literary program? symphonic poem
Which term describes a one-movement work possibly written to introduce a larger work but also played independently? concert overture
Years after Mendelssohn composed the overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream, he wrote incidental music to the play that included which, now famous, music? “Wedding March”