Music Flashcards

V. Classical Period

Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is unusual in that it is scored for _______ and ________ as well as orchestra. vocal soloistschorus
We have record of Beethoven’s struggle with his musical material because of his habit of carrying__________. musical sketchbook
Beethoven’s only opera is entitled _____. Fidelio
Beethoven’s Third Symphony was originally composed to commemorate the deeds of ____ as the embodiment of heroism and democratic ideals. It is said that when Beethoven heard what this person had done, he tore up the title page, and the symphony is now known as the ____. NapoleonEroica
Beethoven, as the musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, bridged the ______ and _______ periods. ClassicalRomantic
Beethoven’s sixteen _____ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed.A) piano concertosB) piano sonatasC) string quartetsD) symphonies B) piano sonatas
Beethoven’s late works, composed after he was totally deaf, includeA) piano sonatasB) string quartetsC) the Ninth SymphonyD) all of the above D) all of the above
In Beethoven’s music, the coda isA) often expanded and serves to develop themes furtherB) nonexistentC) substituted for the minuet movementD) used to create a strong feeling of expectancy for what is to follow A) often expanded and serves to develop themes further
The choral finale of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is based onA) Dante’s InfernoB) Schiller’s Ode to JoyC) Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s DreamD) Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind B) Schiller’s Ode to Joy
Beethoven, in comparison with earlier composers, was far more extensive and explicit in marking _____ in is scores.A) dynamicsB) expressive indicationsC) temposD) all of the above D) all of the above
Theme and variations form may be schematically outlined as AA’A”A”‘A””
Each successive variation in a theme with variations retains some elements of the theme
The ______ movement of Haydn’s Surprise Symphony is in theme and variations form. second
The minuet is generally the ___ movement of a classical symphony. third
The minuet as a whole may be outlined as ABA
In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a ____ movement instead of the minuet scherzo
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a dance at the court of Louis XIV of France
The character of the minuet is best described as stately and dignified
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it moves more quickly
As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik sounds an octave lower than the cello part
Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a finale
A common rondo pattern is ABACA
The main theme of the rondo is usually in the tonic key
Another common rondo pattern is ABACABA
The rondo is used as late as the 20th century
Symphony may be defined as an a musical composition for orchestra, usually four movements,sonanta for orchestra, extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of color and dynamics of the classical orchestra
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in ____ form. sonata
ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement, and is also common in the slow movement
A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same key in three of its movements
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for instrumetal soloist and orchestra
An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto’s soloist is known as a cadenza
The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the minuet or scherzo
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the piano
A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a fermata
The first movement of a classical concerto has two expositions
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a small room
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is fast, slow, minuet or scherzo,fast
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music is performed by one player per part
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life serving a wealthy aristocratic family
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy
Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was consideredA) a skilled servantB) a free-lance musicianC) a visiting guest composerD) an equal by his employer A) a skilled servant
Social mobility during the classical period was an important factor in the rise of the middle class
Vienna in 1800A) was a fourth-largest city in EuropeB) had a population of almost 250,000C) was the seat of the Holy Roman EmpireD) all of the above D) all of the above
IIn Vienna, Haydn and Mozart became close friends
In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by folk and popular music
The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as theater, literature, music
The Concert spirituel (1725) was a famous concert series given in Paris
Sonata form consists of three main sections: ____, _____, and _____. Exposition, development, and recapitulation
A movement in sonata form may be preceded by a slow ____ that creates a strong feeling of expectancy. introduction
A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a bridge
The three main sections of a sonata-form movement are often followed by a concluding section known as the coda
Short musical ideas developed within a composition are called fragments or motives
Sonata form should be viewed as A) a rigid mold into which musical ideas are pouredB) another term for symphony C) a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and keyD) a set of variations on a theme C) a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement the second theme is in a new key
Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ___ movement of a multimovement work first, slow, final fast
In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement the closing theme is in the tonic key
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a repeat sign
Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful, as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of Esterhazy
The 12 symphonies Haydn wrote for the concert manager J. P. Salomon for performance at his public concerts are also known as the ____ symphonies, for the city in which they were first performed London
Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 ________ and 104 _____. string quartets and symphonies
Haydn’s two popular oratorios are entitled ______ and _____. seasons and creations
Along with his symphonies, Haydn’s _____ are considered his most important works. string quartets
What characteristic is not a characteristic of Haydn’s music ? The music is robust and direct, radiating a healthy optimism.
Haydn’s duties while in the service of the Esterhazy’s included composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra of about 25 players, and coaching the singers for operatic performances

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