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Music Flashcards

Unit 5 Music Appreciation

An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism?
Emotional restraint Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting?
exoticism. Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. Program music is
nationalism The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as
100 An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ________ musicians.
was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra. The orchestra in the romantic period
thematic transformation. Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as
All answers are correct. The rise of the urban middle class led to the
Robert Schumann. Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and
solo voice and piano. An art song is a musical composition for
musical compositions. Schubert’s primary source of income came from his
Beethoven Schubert wrote a number of symphonies and chamber works that are comparable in power and emotional intensity to those of his idol,
was the first great master of the romantic art song. Schubert
All answers are correct. Clara Wieck was
mazurkas Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polonaises and
nocturne. A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the
polonaise The ________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility.
Niccolò Paganini. As a youth, Franz Liszt was influenced by the performances of
pianist Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
All answers are correct. Liszt’s piano works are characterized by
All answers are correct. Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
symphonic poem Liszt created the ________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
Johann Sebastian Bach. Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
operas. Mendelssohn wrote in all musical forms except
program music. Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called
absolute Nonprogram music is also known as ________ music.
Franz Liszt. The composer who developed the symphonic poem was
William Shakespeare. The writer whose works had the greatest impact on the young Berlioz was
love for the actress Harriet Smithson. The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s
All answers are correct. Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its
tone colors Berlioz was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ________ never before heard.
All answers are correct. The citizen’s sense of national identity and patriotic feelings were intensified by
All answers are correct. The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in
Bedřich Smetana. The founder of Czech national music was
Moldau Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the
African American spirituals. Dvořák “found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school” in
New York In 1892, Dvořák went to ________, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music.
All answers are correct. Antonin Dvořák’s Symphony No. 9
began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity. Nadezhda von Meck was
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky Which of the following was not a member of the Russian five?
a dismal failure. At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet Overture was
Robert Schumann and his wife Clara. The course of Brahms’s artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer
operas Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any
All answers are correct. Brahms’s works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
the use of two notes against three. Brahms’s musical trademarks included
Milan Verdi studied music in ________, the city where Italy’s most important opera house, La Scala, is located.
Nabucco Verdi’s first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was
seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love. Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi’s operas because they
to entertain a mass public. Giuseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas
expressive vocal melody. The soul of a Verdi opera is
Giacomo Puccini. The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by
Madame Butterfly and Turandot. Some of Puccini’s operas feature exoticism, as in his use of melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Japanese and Chinese music in his operas
Bayreuth, Germany Wagner’s preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in ________, solely for performances of his music dramas.
None of these are correct. Wagner was a virtuoso on the
was unable to get an opera performed and was reduced to musical hackwork. During Wagner’s time in Paris, he
Richard Wagner The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by
leitmotif A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called
nineteenth-century society and culture. While Wagner’s Ring cycle features fantastical elements such as gods, giants, and magic, the opera is really about

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