Baroque style flourished in music during the period 1600-1750
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach
Affections in baroque usage refers to emotional states or moods of music
One of the most revolutionary periods in music history was the Early: 1600-1640 Middle:1640- 1690Late: 1690-1750
Monteverdi, an early baroque composer, strove to create music that was passionate and dramatic
Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the ______family violin
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the _____ period late baroque
A baroque musical composition usually expresses ______within the same movement. one basic mood
The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by repeated rhythmic patterns
Melodic sequence can be defined as what A pattern repeated at a lower or higher pitch level
Terraced dynamics refers to what? The sudden alternation from one dynamic level to another
The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the harpsichord
The orchestra evolved during the baroque period into a performing group based on instruments of the ____ family. 60% of the orchestra consists of these instruments violin
A bass instrument and a chording instrument together are called the __________. basso continuo
A concerto grosso most often has _____ movement(s). Three
The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the tutti
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in ______ form. ritornello
The word movement in music normally refers to a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition
The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of what? A high-class servant with few personal rights
In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen’s opportunities for hearing music usually came from where? Church
In Italy, music schools were often connected with orphanages
The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the libretto
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called a/an aria
_______ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech. It is often used by the narrator to advance the plot. Recitative
The ______ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices. conductor
An _______ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work. overture
Most early baroque operas were based on ancient history and Greek mythology
The solo instruments in Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the Flute, violin, and harpsichord.
The main theme of a fugue is called the subject
Transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubject are called episodes
Very often an independent fugue is introduced by a short piece called a(n) prelude
An ____ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action. opera
Speechlike melody or a dry melody accompanied only by a basso continuo is called secco recitative
Monteverdi spent the greater part of his career in St. Mark’s,Rome
Orpheus goes to Hades in the hope of bringing _____ back to life. Eurydice
______ is a musical idea repeated over and over in the bass while melodies above it constantly change. Basso Ostinato