Classicism, as a stylistic period in western art music, roughly encompassed the years 1750-1820.
The preclassical period roughly encompassed the years 1730-1770
The fully developed classical style in music flourished during the period 1770-1820
Which of the following statements is not true of the classical period? Philosophers and writers in the classical period believed that custom and tradition, rather than reason, were the best guides to human conduct.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and _____ were two of the more important preclassical composers. Johann Christian Bach
Which of the following composers is not considered a master of the classical period? Johann Christian Bach
Which of the following statements is not true? Composers in the classical period continued to use terraced dynamics in their compositions.
Which of the following characteristics is not typical of the music of the classical period? Classical music is basically polyphonic.
Which of the following statements is not true of the music of the classical period? The basso continuo was the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble.
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani.
Which of the following instruments were not normally included in the classical orchestra? Trombones
A symphony is a sonata for orchestra.
Social mobility during the classical period was an important factor in the rise of the middle class
Political and economic power shifted to the middle class from the aristocracy and the church.
In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by folk and popular music
The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as All answers are correct.music.literature.theater.
Public concerts presented by the Concert des Amateurs in Paris in the 1770s were conducted by The Chevalier de Saint-Georges.
Which of the following statements is not true? Political and economic power shifted during the classical period from the middle class to the aristocracy and the church.
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life serving a wealthy aristocratic family.
Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered a skilled servant
Vienna, when Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven were active, All answers are correct.had a population of almost 250,000.was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire.was the fourth-largest city in Europe.
Composers in the classical period took middle-class tastes into account by All answers are correct.writing dance music for public balls.writing comic operas that sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy.flavoring their serious compositions with folk and popular music.
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy.
In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart became close friends.
Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ________ movement of a multimovement work. All answers are correct.final fast.slow.first
Which of the following is not part of a sonata form movement? Rondo
Sonata form consists of three main sections: exposition, development, and recapitulation
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement the second theme is in a new key.
In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement the closing section is in the tonic key.
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a repeat sign.
Which of the following statements is not true? The second theme returns in the recapitulation of a sonata form movement in an exact repetition of its statement in the exposition.
A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a bridge.
A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the bridge.
A feeling of harmonic tension and forward motion is created in the exposition of a sonata form movement by the conflict of tonalities between the first and second themes.
Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called motives.
The three main sections of a sonata-form movement are often followed by a concluding section known as the coda.
Sonata form should be viewed as a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key.
Each successive variation in a theme with variations retains some elements of the theme.
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as AA’A”A”’A””.
Which of the following statements is not true? The first movement of Haydn’s Surprise symphony is in theme and variations form
Which of the following elements is usually not changed in varying the theme in theme and variations form? Length
The _________ movement of Haydn’s Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form. second
The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in ____________ form. ABA
The movement of a sonata-type composition that is often patterned after a dance is the third.
The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony. third
The form known as minuet and trio is employed as the __________ movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works. third
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n) dance at the court of Louis XIV of France.
The character of the minuet is best described as stately and dignified.
The minuet as a whole may be outlined as ABA.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the minuet? Quick, lively tempo
Which of the following statements is not true? The character of the minuet is best described as brisk and lively.
In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a _______ movement instead of the minuet. scherzo
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it moves more quickly.
The double bass in the classical orchestra, as in Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, usually doubles the cello part an octave lower.
A _____________ is a musical composition that is usually light in mood, and meant for evening entertainment. serenade
Typical in classical music, the string bass part in Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik sounds an octave lower than the cello part.
The rondo may be schematically outlined as ABACABA.
A common rondo pattern is ABACA.
Another common rondo pattern is ABACABA.
The return of the main theme in rondo form is all the more welcome because it is usually in the tonic key.
The sonata-rondo All answers are correct.usually has a lively, pleasing, and simple to remember theme.combines rondo form with elements of sonata form.may be outlined as ABA-development section-ABA.
The main theme of the rondo is usually in the tonic key.
Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a finale.
The rondo was used as late as the twentieth century.
Which of the following statements is not true? The rondo as a musical form was not used in musical compositions after the classical period.
Symphony may be defined as a(n) All answers are correct.extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the classical orchestra.sonata for orchestra.musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements.
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in _____ form. sonata
Which of the following is not true of the symphony? It is a musical composition for solo instrument and orchestra.
ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the slow movement.
Which of the following statements is not true? The opening movement of a classical symphony is almost always slow and in ABA form.
The lyrical slow movement of a symphony is most often the second.
Unlike the other movements in the symphony, the _____________ movement is generally not in the tonic key. second
The slow movement of a classical symphony is generally not in the tonic key.
The last movement of a classical symphony All answers are correct.is always in the tonic key of the symphony.is usually fast, lively, and brilliant, but somewhat lighter in mood than the opening movement.is most often in sonata or sonata-rondo form.
Unity is achieved in the classical symphony partly by the use of the same key in three of its four movements.
A concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for an instrumental soloist and orchestra.
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for instrumental soloist and orchestra.
Which of the following statements is not true? A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the piano.
Mozart and Beethoven wrote a number of concertos for their favorite solo instrument, the piano.
A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is fast, slow, fast.
The first movement of a classical concerto has two expositions.
The classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a ___________ movement. minuet or scherzo
The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the minuet or scherzo.
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called a cadenza.
A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a fermata.
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a small room.
The most important form of classical chamber music is the string quartet.
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music is performed by one player per part.
The string quartet All answers are correct.is written for two violins, viola, and cello.s the most important form in classical chamber music.usually consists of four movements.
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello
Which of the following statements is not true? The piano trio is a musical composition for three pianos.
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast.
The piano trio is a musical composition for violin, cello, and piano.
Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful, as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of Esterházy.
Which of the following was not one of Haydn’s duties while in the service of the Esterházys? Teaching music to the choir boys
Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered a skilled servant.
The twelve symphonies written for the concert manager J. P. Salomon for performance at his public concerts are also known as the __________ symphonies, for the city in which they were first performed. London
Haydn’s two popular oratorios are entitled The Seasons and The Creation.
Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104 symphonies.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn’s music? There are few changes in texture and orchestration.
Along with his symphonies, Haydn’s ___________ are considered his most important works. string quartets
Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria
By the age of six, Mozart could All answers are correct.read music perfectly at sight.improvise fugues and write minuets.play the harpsichord and violin.
Which of the following statements is not true? In his later years, Mozart was financially well off, widely acclaimed, and sought after by an adoring public.
Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart was continually on tour in England and Europe.
Mozart’s trips to Italy enabled him to study and master the Italian operatic style.
Mozart composed his Requiem on commission from a stranger.
Mozart’s Requiem was finished by one of his pupils.
The standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by Ludwig von Köche.l
In composing music, Mozart composed extended works completely in his mind.
Mozart’s German operas are different from his Italian ones in that the German works include spoken dialogue.
Which of the following is not one of Mozart’s three masterpieces of Italian opera? Orfeo
Mozart’s finest German opera was The Magic Flute
Don Giovanni, in Mozart’s opera of that name, is the legendary Spanish lover.
Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 is one of his last three symphonies.
Which of the following is not true of the late eighteenth-century fortepiano? It weighed the same as the modern piano.
The Third Symphony of Beethoven was originally composed to commemorate the deeds of _________ as the embodiment of heroism and democratic ideals. Napoleon Bonaparte
Beethoven All answers are correct.began to feel the first symptoms of deafness in his twenty-ninth year.was self-educated and had read widely, but was weak in elementary arithmetic.was a brilliant pianist
Which of the following statements is not true? Like Haydn and many other composers of the classical period, Beethoven was most successful financially when in the service of the aristocracy.
We have a record of Beethoven’s struggle with his musical material because of his habit of carrying musical sketchbooks.
Beethoven’s late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include All answers are correct.the Ninth Symphony.string quartets.piano sonatas.
The musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the ________ and __________ periods. classical, romantic
Beethoven, in comparison with earlier composers, was far more extensive and explicit in marking __________ in his scores. dynamics
Which of the following techniques did Beethoven not use in unifying the contrasting movements of a symphony, sonata, or string quartet? Using the same tonality for each of the movements
In Beethoven’s music, the coda is often expanded and serves to develop themes further.
Beethoven greatly expanded the _____________ section of the sonata-form movement and made it more dramatic. development
A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for piano.
The choral finale of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is based on Schiller’s Ode to Joy.
Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is unusual in that it is scored for ____________ as well as orchestra. four vocal soloists and a chorus
Beethoven’s sixteen __________ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed. string quartets
Beethoven’s greatest liturgical music is to be found in his Missa Solemnis.
Beethoven’s only opera is entitled Fidelio.
The character of the minuet is best described as stately and dignified
A common rondo pattern is ABACABA
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called a cadenza
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast
In many of Beethoven’s works there is a ______ movement instead of the minuet. scherzo
The classical concerto is a large-scale work in three movements for solo instrument and orchestra
A symphony is a sonata for orchestra
The standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by Ludwig von Köchel
Chamber music is characterized by having one performer per part
A string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello
Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years 1750-1820
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as AA’A”A”’A””
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of strings and pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony. third
A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for piano