Study Guide for 20th Century Music: Part 2Note: On question 22 of this study guide, you will be asked to match composers to the techniques or movements they used or belonged to (Stravinsky, Hindemith, Varese, Cage).
1. 20th Century Neo-Classicism is closely related to 18th century Neo-classicism.TrueFalse False
2. 18th century Neo-Classicism looks back to the Greek and Roman styles while the 20th century Neo-Classicism looked back to many styles, genres, and forms of the past.TrueFalse True
3. Stravinsky’s style remained the same throughout his career—he did not react to events occurring in society around him.TrueFalse False
4. Composer Paul Hindemitha. continued the traditions of Expressionist composers before him.b. emulated the dense polyphonic textures of Bach.c. employed a more frenzied tempo and a more 20th century style of harmony and instrumentation.d. composed in an old fashioned, Baroque style. b. emulated the dense polyphonic textures of Bach.c. employed a more frenzied tempo and a more 20th century style of harmony and instrumentation.
5. World War II brought all previously held beliefs into question and essentially seemed to give permission to artists to break every musical or artistic rule in the book.TrueFalse True
6. Initially, the Russian revolution of 1917a. banned modern music and art.b. supported innovation in search of a new Russian artistic voice.c. reinstated the Czar and old style Russian music.d. favored French musical styles. b. supported innovation in search of a new Russian artistic voice.
7. The Russian Association of Proletarian Musica. supported innovation in music and modern style.b. produced music exclusively for use by proletarians.c. espoused conventional, conservative music rooted in folk and popular traditions.d. tried to achieve mind control through music. c. espoused conventional, conservative music rooted in folk and popular traditions.
8. A formalist was a composer whoa. was prone to mimic subversive European models.b. wrote in strict classical forms.c. always wore a tuxedo.d. had very nice manners and formal speech. a. was prone to mimic subversive European models.
9. Stalin was a lover of the arts, but used them for propaganda.TrueFalse True
10. Which of the following is the most accurate concerning Dimitri Shostakovich?a. He gave up his artistic ideals in support of the state.b. He upheld his artistic ideals in the face of persecution from the state.c. He seemed to walk a fine line between his ideals and state demands in order to survive.d. He loved to dance the tango. c. He seemed to walk a fine line between his ideals and state demands in order to survive.
11. Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 5a. has much in common with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.b. changes from minor to major in the last movement.c. may represent the triumph over fate.d. has a nice disco section in the third movement. a. has much in common with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony.b. changes from minor to major in the last movement.c. may represent the triumph over fate.
12. Total or Integral Serialism is a mathematically based way to write music which systematically abandons all vestiges of tonality and traditional organization in music.TrueFalse True
13. Total serialism applies the 12-tone technique toa. pitch.b. rhythm.c. dynamics.d. neo-classicism. b. rhythm.c. dynamics.
14. John Cage’s philosophy that music and art should be “…an affirmation of life—not an attempt to bridge order out of chaos nor to suggest improvements in creation, but simply a way of waking up to the very life we’re living” is clearly manifest ina. his choice of clothing.b. his composition 4’33.”c. total serialism.d. impressionism. b. his composition 4’33.”
15. What is a prepared piano?a. A piano that is tuned and carefully polished to a lustrous shine before the performanceb. A piano made out of exotic woods from third world countriesc. A piano with various objects or materials inserted in the strings in order to derive non-traditional sounds—used almost as a percussion instrumentd. A piano played by a musician who practices diligently c. A piano with various objects or materials inserted in the strings in order to derive non-traditional sounds—used almost as a percussion instrument
16. Graphic notationa. removes the restrictions of normal music notation.b. allows for greater creativity by the performer.c. employs color and shape to communicate musical possibilities.d. is an intricate notation system employing graph paper. a. removes the restrictions of normal music notation.b. allows for greater creativity by the performer.c. employs color and shape to communicate musical possibilities.
17. The technique of recording everyday sounds and then manipulating them for use in a musical work is calleda. electronic music.b. music concrete. (museek concray)c. magnetic tape.d. indeterminacy. a. electronic music.b. music concrete. (museek concray)
18. Phillip Glass described some 20th century composers as “maniacal creeps.”TrueFalse True
19. Neo-Romanticism looked to the past again for inspiration to produce works that are powerful and emotive.TrueFalse True
20. Minimalism strove for a new, meditative simplicity.TrueFalse True
21. Match the composer to the musical technique or movement:
Stravinsky __ b. Neo‐Classicism
Hindemith ____ b. Neo‐Classicism
Varese ____ c. Electronic music
Cage ____ a. Chance music or indeterminacy