Music Flashcards

Romantic Period: Unit Review

D. 1820-1900 Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years a.1450-1600 b.1600-1750 c.1750-1820 d.1820-1900
A. Emotional Restraint Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting? a.Emotional restraint b.Emotional subjectivity c.Exoticism dFantasy
C. instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea or scene Program music is a.music that depicts aspects of nature. b.vocal music that tells a story. c.instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. d.All answers are correct.
C. Nationalism The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as a.exoticism. b.individualism. c.nationalism. d.verismo.
D. All answers are correct Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by a.using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands. b.using their national legends as subject matter. c.basing their music on the folk songs of their country. d.All answers are correct.
D. 100 An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians. a.24 b.40 c.60 d.100
C. was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra The orchestra in the romantic period a.was basically the same as in the classical period. b.ranged from twenty to sixty players. c.was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra. d.had a limited dynamic range due to the primitive nature of the brass instruments.
C. The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period? a.A cast-iron frame was introduced to hold the strings under greater tension. b.The use of the damper pedal allowed a sonorous blend of tones from all registers of the piano. c.The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period. d.The piano’s hammers were covered with felt.
B. Rubato A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as a.ritardando. b.rubato. c.accelerando. d,fermata.
A. Ludwig van Beethoven The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was a.Ludwig van Beethoven. b.Joseph Haydn. c.Johann Sebastian Bach. d.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
D. All answers are correct The rise of the urban middle class led to the a.piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home. b.formation of many orchestras and opera groups. c.development of regular subscription concerts. d.All answers are correct.
B. Piano A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the a.resident composer/performer. b.piano. c.violin. d.flute.
A. Robert Schumann Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and a.Robert Schumann. b.Franz Liszt. c.Niccolò Paganini. d.Giuseppe Verdi.
A. Solo voice and piano An art song is a musical composition for a.solo voice and piano. b.solo voice and orchestra. c.multiple voices. d.All answers are correct
A. lied The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text. a.lied b.durchkomponiert c.chanson d.ballade
A.The art song is restricted to strophic form. Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song? a.The art song is restricted to strophic form. b.A song cycle is a set of romantic art songs that may be unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs. c.Through-composed, a translation of the German term durchkomponiert, is a song form that allows music to reflect a poem’s changing moods. d.The accompaniment of a romantic art song is an integral part of the composer’s conception, and it serves as an interpretive partner to the voice.
B. Postlude The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a a.conclusion. b.postlude. c.song cycle. d.finale.
D. Concerto Which of the following forms was not used in composing art songs? a.Strophic b.Modified-strophic. c.Through-composed. d.Concerto
D. was the first great master of the romantic art song Schubert a.was widely acknowledged as a composer in his lifetime. b.was very self-critical, which accounts for his meager output. c.produced his greatest works after the age of forty. d.was the first great master of the romantic art song.
B.Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output. Which of the following statements is not true? a.Franz Schubert led a bohemian existence, living with friends because he had no money to rent a room of his own. b.Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output. c.At the time of his death, Schubert’s reputation was mainly that of a fine song composer. d.In addition to symphonies, operas, string quartets and other chamber works, Schubert composed over six hundred songs.
D. 600 Schubert’s songs number more than a.50. b.100. c.250. d.600.
B. Modified strophic When the same music is repeated for two or more stanzas of a poem, leading to new music for other stanzas, the form is known as a.song form. b.modified strophic. c.through-composed. d.repetitious.
C. through-composed The form of The Erlking is a.strophic. b.modified strophic. c.through-composed. d.None of these.
B. death The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of a.ghosts. b.death. c.a galloping horse. d.nature.
A. galloping horse The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the a.galloping horse. b.joy of the child. c.steadiness of the father. d.approach of death.
D. Nocturne A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the a.etude. b.mazurka. c.waltz. d.nocturne
A. the left hand must play rapid passages throughout Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist’s left hand because a.the left hand must play rapid passages throughout. b.it is played only by the left hand. c.it takes nearly an hour to perform. d.the left hand plays the main melody
B. etude A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as a.a nocturne. b.etude. c.a polonaise. d.lied.
C. program music Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called a.absolute music. b.opera. c.program music. d.symphony.
B. absolute Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music. a.pure b.absolute c.concert d.symphoni
B. program symphony A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. a.nocturne b.program symphony c.polonaise d.overture
C. symphonic poem A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. a. b.program symphony c.symphonic poem d.

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