Each line and space on the staff represents a different: pitch
The system of parallel lines and spaces used to write music is called notation. false
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration. true
Certain noteheads can only be placed on staff lines. false
A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff. false
The staff is a system of: Five lines and four spaces
Successive lines and spaces from top to bottom of the staff represent successively lower pitches true
Staff notation was so perfectly conceived from the beginning, that the standard in most Western music traditions has always been staff notation false
Noteheads are placed on either lines or spaces on the staff to represent different pitches. true
In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff
When consecutive notes are played, they form a ____ scale
If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate: twice as fast
We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G. true
The black key to the right of the F on this keyboard can be called F sharp or G flat
If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the left (down) will vibrate twice as fast
If the frequency of the C in the middle is 256 Hz, the corresponding frequencies on either side of that C are: 512 Hz on the one to the right, and 128 Hz on the one to the left
The letter name for white keys on the keyboard can change depending on the musical context of a given composition. false
The interval between any two adjacent C’s on the keyboard is called a/an octave
The name of the white key in between the group of two black keys on the keyboard is: D
The black key to the right of G is called G sharp
If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the left (down) will vibrate: twice as slow
we refer to specific pitches or tones with the letter names using the letters A thorugh G true
The pitch letter names correspond to: the white keys on a piano keyboard
The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B flat
The distance between D and A (above that D) is a: fifth
The descending interval between A and F is a: third
The two tones of an octave vibrate at the same frequency rate. false
Descending intervals are calculated differently from ascending ones. false
The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies. false
When calculating intervals, both the start and end notes should be included in the count. true
Which of the following is a true statement?-Octave is the name of a particular interval size Correct-Interval is the name of a particular octave size-The fifth is a kind of octave-A synonym for distance is octave Octave is the name of a particular interval size
The interval between D and the next G above that D, is called a: fourth
Ascending and descending intervals are calculated: Exactly the same
The distance between two pitches is called a/an interval
Descending intervals are calculated differently from ascending ones: false
For the most part, pianists and harpsichordists don’t have direct contact with the strings of their instruments. Therefore, they manipulate sound through a ______mechanism. keyboard
The volume of this excerpt is an example of decrescendo. Starts @ 1:57 true
A pianist’s skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer’s touch
Which of the following two excerpts uses soft dynamics? B starts @ :20 excerpt b
Musicians have always made their own choices regarding volume to fine tune their playing to specific performance spaces. false
Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamics: Well into the 17th century
Volume and dynamics are interchangeable terms true
This musical excerpt is an example of forte. true
Percussion players produce more or less volume by changing bow pressure and speed. false
Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas. false
the volume of this excerpt is loud false
Composers started making their scores with volume indications as soon as music notation was inverted false
among other factors, composers started writing dynamic markings in their scores because: new instruments allowed for more dynamic ranges and contrast
The volume of this excerpt is an example of which of the following? piano
Would it be true of false if someone said that the following excerpt is played by chordophones? false
Listen to the following excerpt. Which instrument classification is represented? starts @ :08 Idiophone
Listen to this excerpt from Midsummer Night’s Dream. Which instrument classification is represented? -Idiophone-Membranophone-Chordophone-Aerophone Aerophone
What instrument category does the horn belong to? Aerophone
According to the classification of instruments by sound source, the one in this example is a/an: Chordophone
The acoustic guitar can be classified as a: Chordophone
The shape of the sound waves produced by a violin is what makes it sound like a violin. true
Timbre is often referred to as _________ color. tone
The instrument in this example can be classified as a/an:-Aerophone-Membranophone-Idiophone-Electrophone
Listen to the following excerpt. Which instrument classification is represented?-Idiophone-Chordophone-Aerophone-Membranophone Aerophone
In this section of the song Dark Eyes the a cappella choir accompanies a: baritone
Which or the following operas is based on a story set in British India, where a British officer falls in love with the daughter of a Brahmin priest, with tragic consequences for her? Lakmé
The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir. false
A singer that can reach these extremely high notes must be an alto. false
Listen to the following two excerpts:Which excerpt represent the mezzo-soprano range? B starts @ 1:00 Excerpt B
Listen to these two excerpts from Carmina Burana.In which excerpt is the soprano range most prominent? Excerpt B
The song Dark Eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment. This type of vocal group is called: A cappella choir
Listen to the following excerpt:Which vocal range does it represent? bass
The baritone range lies between the bass and the tenor. true
The aria Lucevan le Stelle is composed for a/an: tenor
If someone said that instruments that produce sounds via vibrating columns of air are called aerophores, would that be a true or false statement? true
This is the familiar image of a traditional drum set. According to instrument classification by sound source, which of the following groups are represented here? idiophones and membranophones
If someone said that instruments that produce sounds by vibrating themselves called aerophores, would that be a true or false statement? false
when a piece has been composed one instrument, but is actually played using another, the resulting work is called: arrangement
to keep things straight, muscial insturments can only belong to one instrument classification: false
The following aria excerpt is sung by baritone false
the song dark eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompainiment. This type of vocal group is called: a capella choir
The soprano register lies between the alto and tenor vocal ranges false
The baritone range lies between the bass and the tenor true
The english madrigal is characterized by he intensity and intimacy of the choral writing
the aria Lucevan le stelle is from the opera Gianni Schicci by Giacomo Puccini false
The distinction between soprano and mezzosoprano started around the middle of the 18th century true
Some famous female roles in the history of opera have only been possible because 19th century composers started giving impor…… mezzo-sopranos
listen to these two excerpts from carmina burana. In which excerpt is the soprano range most prominant? Excerpt B
In this section of the song Dark Eyes the a capella choir accompanies a: baritone
The entry chorus from nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir false
A singer that can reach these extremely high notes must be an alto false
The baritone range lies between the bass and the tenor true
The following aria excerpt is sung by a baritone false
Listen to the following two excerpts: Which excerpt represented the tenor range? b
Listen to the following two excerpts: Which excerpt represent the mezzo-soprano range? b
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra. Which orchestral family performs the main theme in this selection? String family
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.In this excerpt:Select one:The strings play throughout.The full orchestra starts and the woodwinds take over.The full orchestra starts and the percussion takes over.The full orchestra plays throughout. full orchestra plays throughout
A fugue is a traditional form of composition in which all the parts enter at the same time using the same theme false
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.In this 16-second excerpt, the trumpets play a variation. true
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra. In this excerpt the percussion family plays throughout false
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra. In this short excerpt: the trumpets play a variation
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.This 16-second example represents: An excerpt played by the woodwinds.
Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that a conductor makes? whether to use a modern or old-fashioned
According to the text, traditonal symphony orchestra musicians are permitted to improvise their parts false
What is NOT the role of the conductor in a tradtional symphony orchestra? makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvies their parts correctly
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.In this 20-second excerpt: The full orchestra starts and the strings take over
Seating Chart of the Traditional Symphony OrchestraWhere do the viola players sit? In area No. 2
The sole function of the conductor is to beat time false
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.In this short excerpt: The trumpets play a variation.
A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players true
Listen to the following excerpt from Benjamin Britten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra.Which brass instruments are featured prominently in this selection? French horns
The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings. true
Listen to the following excerpt:Which string instrument is playing in this example? cello
Only a few select cultures feature string instruments as part of their musical life and heritage false
What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra? violin concerto
The main orchestral string instruments are: Violin, viola, cello, and double bass
Which instrument plays this example? cello
The text states that guitars are strummed or __________. plucked
How does a violinist control dynamics? By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings
__________ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch. vibrato
In the traditional symphony orchestra, the violins usually play as one undivided group. false
The violins are played pizzicato in this nine-second piece true
In the following 10-second excerpt, the string use a combo of bowing and pizzicato throughout