Music Flashcards

Music Quiz 2

The beginning of the Middle Ages was marked by the _____. fall of the Roman Empire
During the Middle Ages, all power came from which religious organization? The Roman Catholic Church
Which secular leader in the Middle Ages promoted a strong, centralized government? Charlemagne
The main European port for cultural exchange of Eastern luxuries was: Venice
The violent series of events that took place as part of an attempt to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims is known as: the Crusades
During the Renaissance, lands new to the Europeans were discovered, including _____. the Americas
One of the major advancements in the Renaissance was the invention of printing, pioneered by: Johannes Gutenberg
Which of the following was a Renaissance artist? Leonardo da Vinci
The most universally idealized woman in Western culture during the Middle Ages was _____. the Virgin Mary
Who were the most prominent performers of secular music in medieval France? troubadours and trouvères
Musicians could find employment in which of the following professions? instrument building, teaching, copyists
The early Christian church had very little power in Europe during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. False
The Middle Ages spanned nearly one thousand years. True
Our understanding of the musical culture of ancient civilizations is limited by the few fragments of music that have survived. True
Trade flourished in the later Middle Ages, when a merchant class arose outside of feudal society. True
The Renaissance marks the passing of European society from a predominately secular society to a more sacred one. False
Compared to the MiddleAges, more professional women musicians made their mark in society in the Renaissance. True
The literature of ancient Greece and Rome was of little interest to artists and writers of the Renaissance. False
The Middle East had no influence on European musical styles. False
The major narrative of Western musical development begins with notated music. True
Music performed with exchanges between a soloist and chorus is called _____. responsorial singing
Which of the following is NOT true of Gregorian chant (plainchant) melodies? They are in Hebrew and Syrian
Hildegard of Bingen was born into a _____ noble family. German
Modal melodies of the early Christian church are similar to melodies and scales from _____. The Middle East
In chant from the Middle Ages, if there are many notes per syllable, the style is called _____. melismatic
When multiple people sing a monophonic chant together, it is called singing in________? unison
Hildegard’s collection of poetry and visions is called: Scivias
How many Gregorian chants survive? over three thousand
What musical aspect is found in Hildegard’s praise songs, but is not found in most Gregorian chant? wide leaps
What might explain why medieval chants can sound unfamiliar to a modern listener? they are modal
The term liturgy refers to the set order of church services and the structure of each service. True
Gregorian chant features regularly phrased melodic lines supported by instrumental accompaniment. False
The chants of the church used only the major and minor scale patterns found in later music. False
Hildegard’s chant Alleluia, O virga mediatrix was intended for performance on a feast day of the Virgin Mary. True
The text setting in Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is mostly syllabic. False
Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgo mediatrix is a Gregorian chant. False
In the Middle Ages, it was assumed that women were divinely connected. False
Hildegard took her vows at age fourteen. True
Pope Gregory the Great composed all of the Gregorian chant melodies. False
Music, mathematics, geometry, and astronomy were the four topics considered essential to medieval _____. education
Which secular medieval musicians entertained audiences at the higher social levels? troubadours
What was the period that immediately preceded the Ars nova called? Ars antiqua
How does Machaut convey the medieval fascination for puzzles in Ma fin est mon commencement? palindromic structure
Which of the following is/are poetic forms used in medieval chansons?: all of these choices
Which of the following is NOT a medieval writer/poet? Pythagoras
Where did Machaut work as a priest? Reims Cathedral
Which of the following topics might be found in medieval lyrics? unrequited love, politics, songs of the Crusades
Machaut’s own poetry often centers around the idea of: medieval chivalry
With whom did Machaut exchange poems and letters? Peronne
Religious wars and medieval explorations enhanced cultural exchange. True
The last part of the Middle Ages is referred to as the Ars nova. True
In the Western tradition, music historically has not been linked to mathematics and geometry. False
Composers in the Ars nova style wrote both sacred and secular songs. True
Machaut took holy orders, but worked for multiple French courts. True
Machaut was the first composer to self-consciously attempt a compositional legacy. True
There was an interest in both the regularity and complexity of musical patterns during the Ars nova. True
All chansons are monophonic False
The Ars Nova began around the early 1400s in Italy. False
Machaut only wrote sacred music False
The mood of Farmer’s madrigal Fair Phyllis can best be described as _____. light and pastoral
Farmer’s Fair Phyllis is written for _____ voices. four
Farmer “paints” the first line of the text, “Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone,” through the musical use of _____. monophony
At which point in the text of Fair Phyllis does the work change to an imitative texture? “Up and down he wandered”
Which of the following instruments was likely found in prosperous homes during the Renaissance? lute
In addition to the Italian madrigal, what other genre arose from the union of poetry and music? French chanson
In which of the following ways did Renaissance composers enhance the emotional content of madrigals? through the use of madrigalisms
Which of the following composers was influential in the later Italian madrigal tradition? Claudio Monteverdi
Which of the following statements are true in regard to typical English madrigals? All choices are correct
The performing forces for Farmer’s madrigal consist of a four-voice SATB ensemble. True
The English madrigal preceded the development of the Italian madrigal by some twenty years. False
The text of John Farmer’s Fair Phyllis refers to real historical figures. False
Both Italian and English madrigals often feature word-painting. True
Sometimes humorous madrigals would have a refrain of syllables such as “fa la la.” True

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