Music Flashcards

Music Notations

Half rest In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 2 beats of silence
Two eighth notes A note having one-eighth the time value of a whole note.
6/8
Gràve slow (the slowest tempo in music)
Treble clef The clef used for notes in higher pitch ranges
MP Mezzo piano, Moderately Soft
Quarter rest one beat of silence
Alto clef A clef that indicates the location of middle C on the third line of the staff
Eighth rest receives 1/2 beats of silence
Bass clef clef for lower notes
Staff The five lines and four spaces between them on which music notes and other symbols are written
16th notes, 16th rest
Measure A unit or segment of music
Double bar line indicates the end of the composition or section
Piano Soft
Forte Loud
Adagio a slow tempo (between andante and largo)
Al fine The end
Bar line The lines which cross the staff and divide it into measures or bars
> Gradually getting softer
Prèsto Very fast
MF mezzo fortemedium loud
Half note In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 2 beats
Vivace lively
||: :|| repeat sign
Music notation Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music through the use of written symbols, including ancient or modern musical symbols. Types and methods of notation have varied between cultures and throughout history, and much information about ancient music notation is fragmentary.
Whole note In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 4 beats
< Gradually getting louder
Moderato Moderate
2 3 4 64 4 4 8 Top number indicates beats per measure, bottom number indicates what note gets one beat
D.S. Return to sign
Al Coda Go to the sign
ff Fortissimovery loud
b flat Lower the note one semitone
n natural
Whole rest Means the rest for a whole measure
D.C. go back to the beginning and play
pp Pianissimovery soft
Rit or Ritardando Gradually getting slower
Allegro Fast
Tie Connects two notes of the same pitch
Dotted half note In 3/4 and 4/4 time signatures, it receives three beats
1st and 2nd ending Play the 1st ending first time through, then on the repeat, skip to the 2nd ending
Fermata Hold the note longer than its normal value
# sharp
Staccato detached
Slùr play the notes legato
Triplet 3 notes played in the time of 2 notes of equal value
Àccent stressed note or chord
Andante moderately
Largo very slow

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