The midevil church modes gradually gave way to the ______ and _______ scales in the baroque period major, minor
The two musical giants of the baroque were George F Handel, Johan S Bach
Figured Bass a bass part together with numbers(figures) specifying the chords to be played above it is called
Terraced Dynamics The alternation between loud and soft dynamics
Movement A section that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition
One of he most revolutionary periods in music history was the Early Baroque
The early baroque was characterized by homophonic texture
The middle baroque was characterized by diffusion of style into every corner of europe
Jobs of music directors of a court in the baroque period supervised and directed performances, composed music, responsible for dicipline of other musicians
Number of performers in a large court during the baroque period 80
A concerto grosso usually has how many movements several
The tempo markings of the movements of a concerto grosso are usually fast-slow-fast
Tutti (all) larger group of players in a concerto grosso
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often ______ form ritornello
The solo instruments in Bach’s Brandenbut Concerto No. 5 are the flute, violin, and harpsichord
Retrograde presentation of a subject from right to left, or beginning with the last note and proceeding backward to the first
Subject main theme of a fugue
Stretto imitation of a subject before it is completed
Answer subject of a fugue presented in the dominant
Augmentation presentation of a subject in lengthened time values
Diminution presentation of a subject in shortened time values
Countersubject melodic idea that constantly accompanies the subject of a fugue
Clavichord a popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking strings
Affections emotional states or moods of music
Ordinary citizen’s opportunity to hear music generally came from chruch
Fredrick the Giant, King of Prussia was a flutist, general, and composer
In Italy, music schools were often connected with orphanages
Inversion turning the subject of a fugue upside down, or reversing the direction of each interval
Pedal Point single tone, usually in the bass, that is held while the other voices produce a series of changing harmonies against it
Episodes transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubject
Improvisation music created at the same time that it is preformed
the longest period of Bach’s professsional life was spent as director of music at St. Thomas Church in Leipzig
Bach’s church music uses operatic forms such as the aria and recititive
Art of the Fugue A collection of Bach’s compositions that displays all the resources of fugue writing
Bach’s works are unique in their combination of rich harmony and polyphonic texture
A collection of 24 preludes and fugues, one in each major and minor keys basic to the repertory of keyboard players today is Bach’s well tuned keyboard instrument (well tempered claviers)
Bach achieves unity of mood in his compositions by using an insistent rhythmic drive
Of Bach’s 20 children ____ went on to be well known composers 4
Bach created masterpieces in every form except opera
Bach’s personal music style was drawn from Italian concertos, French dance pieces, and the German Church
Bach was recognized as the most eminent ____ of his day organist
Baroque suites frequently begin with a French Overture
Although the movements of a baroque suite are written in the same key, the differ in tempo
What dance is not a part of the baroque suite waltz
What are a part of the baroque suite allemande, sarabande, gigue, courante
The French overture has two section: slow-fast
Allemande moderate dance from germany
Courante fast dance from France
Sarabande slow and solemn dance from Spain
Optional gavotte, passepied, laure, aria, etc
Gigue fast dance from England and Ireland
The _____ is an instrumental composition based on a chorale chorale prelude
In Bach’s day, the latin church service lasted about ______ hours 4
In their use of aria, duet, and recititive; Bach’s cantatas closely resemble the _____ of the time operas
Cantata a song piece or chorale work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment
Oratorios first appeared in Italy
The first oratorios were based on stories from the Bible
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes
In oratorio, the story is carried forward by the narrator’s recititive
Chorus an element of the oratorio that is especially important and serves to comment on or participate in the drama
Fredrich Handel born in 1865, the same year as Johan S Bach
Although Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music, the core of his huge output consists of English oratorios and Italian________ operas
Handel’s oratorios are usually based on the Old Testament
In addition to being a composer and opera impresario, Handel was a virtuoso organist
Wachet act Author: Arcangelo Corelli
Spring Concerto OP 8 Author: Antenio Vivalde
Dz’do & Aeneas Author: Henry Parcell
Orfeo Author: Clandio Monteverdi
Fugue in G minorBrandenbury Concerto No. 5 Author: Johan S Bach
Messiah George Frideric Handel
Ana song for solo voice w/ orchestral accompaniment
Basso Continuo bass part together w/ #’s (figures) specifying the chorus to be played above H
Chorale hymn tune for congregational use
Libretto text, or book, if a musical dramatic work
Movement section of a musical work that sounds fairly complete and indeterminate but is part of a larger composition
Opera play set to music and sung to orchestral accompaniment w/ scenery, costumes, and action
Oratorio large scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text
Overture orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work