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Music Flashcards

music in society prelude 12-15

In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for: * d. all of the above
A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic. False
On which liturgical occasion(s) was Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virga mediatrix sung? feast days of the Virgin Mary
Which of the following religions use(s) music extensively in its worship? All of the above
The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is A-A-B. False
Which religious figure is praised in the text of Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virga mediatrix? * The virgin Mary
Hildegard of Bingen wrote both the poetry and the music for Alleluia, O virga mediatrix. True
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called: * Syllabic
During the Middle Ages, which of the following was NOT a reason to seek shelter in a monastery or convent? search for an easy life
Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music? There is no harmony
__________ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church Pope Gregory the Great
Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas. True
Which of the following does NOT describe life in the medieval cloister? being at the center of trade and commerce
The order of church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy. True
The modes were the basis for European art music for less than one hundred years. False
In which of the following cultures did polyphonic part singing develop? Western
Which compositional device does Sumer is icumen in exemplify? round
What is the maximum number of independent voices that can sing Sumer is icumen in? 6
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century? the madrigal
Where was the madrigal first developed? Italy
The late Renaissance madrigal came to full flower in the music of: Claudio Monteverdi.
The syllables “fa la la” appeared in the refrains of secular music from ___________ * Italy… English composers?
Which of the following best describes the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis? pastoral and light
In many world cultures, secular songs tend to be polyphonic. False
Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony. True
Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression. True
England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form. True
The English madrigal flourished during the reign of Henry VIII. False
Unlike Italian madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word painting. False
Which of the following does NOT describe Renaissance thought? an exclusively religious orientation
A fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing during the Renaissance is called: A cantus firmus
Josquin’s career centered exclusively in his native France. False
Which of the following best describes the texture of ideal Renaissance sacred music? imitative
Why is Renaissance painting considered more realistic than medieval painting? Renaissance painters discovered a perspective that made it possible to see the whole simultaneously.
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services? * Cantus firmus, chansons
Religious belief became more personal during the Renaissance. True
Music for the Christian church was sung primarily by professional male singers trained from childhood. True
What is the musical basis of Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena? a Gregorian chant in the top voice, then a freely composed melody
Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism. False
Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . virgo serena is an example of the: Motet
Josquin did not use preexisting melodies in his sacred works. False
The dominant composers of the early Renaissance came from: * Northern Europe?
Which of the following best characterizes humanism?* all of the above
Which of the following does NOT describe Renaissance thought? an exclusively religious orientation
A fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing during the Renaissance is called: a cantus firmus.
Josquin’s career centered exclusively in his native France. False
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called: * The ordinary
The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices. True
Which of the following is NOT part of the Ordinary of the Mass? * Ave marie?…
Which of the following composers responded to the reforms of the Council of Trent in an exemplary fashion? Palestrina
Which of the following lists the movements of the Ordinary of the Mass? Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei
What was the primary language of the Mass? Latin
The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called: The proper
Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation? Martin Luther
The reform movement within the Catholic Church that was brought about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter-Reformation. True
The Council of Trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century. True
The Roman Catholic service that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is: The mass
The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words. False
Palestrina spent the bulk of his career in Rome. True
After the Protestant Reformation of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as: the Counter-Reformation
Which historical event did NOT take place during the Renaissance? the writing of the Magna Carta
The core of music-making today is largely based on the traditions from: Europe
Which of the following was an influence of the East on the West? All of the above
The medieval era saw an increased Western awareness of the cultures of distant civilizations. True
The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home music-making. True
Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular. False
Music notation was invented to further the goals of Christian worship. True
The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state. False
During the Middle Ages, the status of women: was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music
Which of the following was NOT a role for secular music? assisting in religious services
Which institution(s) supported music in Renaissance society? All of the above
Some scholars argue that “song” was one of earliest forms of speech. True
Songs written in the vernacular use Latin for the text. False
Which of the following constituted a source of wealth outside of feudal society? * Farming?
The two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and: centralized governments led by kings.

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