Music Flashcards

Music Exam 4

One of the attributes of Classicism is a longing for strangeness, ecstasy, and wonder. False
Composers of the classical era fully explored which forms? solo sonata, symphony, string quartet
The music of Hadyn, Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert is characterized by ___________ melodies. elegant and lyrical
Which composers are considered part of the viennese school? Mozart, Beethoven, Hadyn
In the eighteenth century, a new economic power was growing as a result of the industrial revolution. True
The later eighteenth century is known as the enlightenment. True
The classical era has been called the age of enlightenment. True
Which period of european art and literature most captivated eighteenth century thinkers? The era of ancient greek and roman civilization.
Which of the following were authors associated wih the german sturm und drang movement of the 1770s which were not? schiller, goethe
The composers haydn, mozart, beethoven, and schubert all composed in large-scale forms. True
Which of the following correctly describe the paronage system of the eighteenth century and which do not? patronage provided… , music was valued
Clarity in the classical era was provided by ___ and the frequent use of ___ … repetition, sequence
What musical occupation was available to women to in the classical era? professional singer, music teacher, professional instrumentalist
Which concert venues were available to composers of the classical era and which were not? The royal palace, the public concert hall
Which of the following correctly describe maria theresia von paradis and which do not? she was blind, she was an excellent pianist and organist
Maria anna mozart was which of the following? an accomplished pianist, known as nannerl
The music of hadyn, mozart, beethoven, and schubert is characterized by _______ melodies. elegant and lyrical
Composers of the viennese school strictly adhered to traditional forms. False
Chamber music generally implies a large ensemble, with more than one player to a part. False
The focus of classical chamber music is soloistic virtuosity. False
The favored chamber ensembled in the Classical era was the string quartet. True
Which composer worked well under the patronage system? Hadyn
How many string quartets did hadyn write? 68
To whom did hadyn dedicate his Op. 33 string quartets? Grand duke paul of russia
What is the form of the first movement of a typical Classical string quartet? Sonata allegro
The expansion of a melodic idea is known as _______. thematic development
Which of the following instruments are found in a typical string quartet? Cello, violin, viola
Which movement of a string quartet is often in minuet and trio form? Third
Instrumental music that does not have any specific meaning beyond the notes is called ______ music. absolute
Varying a themes melodic outline, rhythm, or harmony is known as ______, A _______ is a themes smallest melodic or rhythmic unit. Thematic development, motive
A _______ is a themes smallest melodic or rhythmic unit. motive
Sequence repetition of a musical idea.
Motive smallest melodic or rhythmic unit
Theme primary musical idea that is the building block of a composition
First fast, long and dramatic
Second Slow and lyrical
Third moderate to fast and dancelike
fourth fast and lively
The distinguishing characteristic of ______ form is the recurrence of a musical idea called a refrain that alternates with contrasting ______. rondo, episodes
Theme and variations was a typical form for the second movement of a symphony. True
From which older genre did the symphony evolve? The italian opera overture
The classical orchestra typically included how many players? Thirty to Forty
The heart of a Classical-era orchestra was the _______ section. String
How many instrument families were present in the Classical-era orchestra? All four (strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion)
What is the name for a Classical theme that quickly ascends from a low register to a higher register? Rocket theme
Who was the composer of the London Symphonies? Joseph Hadyn
Which of the following musical elements did the German Classical symphonists contribute to the symphony genre? The use of “rocket theme”. The use of “steamroller” crescendo.
What is the nickname of Hadyn’s Symphony No.94? Surprise
What typically characterizes the second movement of a Classical symphony? Theme and variations form ;;; lyrical, songful melodies.
In theme and variations form any musical element may be altered including rhythm, harmony, and instrumentation. True
Hadyn’s Symphony No.94 is nicknamed ______ because of the suddenly ______ chord in the ______ movement intended to shock the audience, perhaps from slumber. surprise, loud, second.
Mozart most likely wrote Eine kleine Nachtmusik for string quartet with support from a double bass. False
For which setting did Mozart write Eine kleine Nachtmusik? Public outdoor entertainment
The divertimento and the serenade are opera genres. false
For which instrument did Mozart write Eine kleine Nachtmusik? Double bass, string quartet
The first movement of a Classical multimovement cycle is often in _______ form. Sonata-allegro
In what form is the third movement of a typical classical multimovement cycle? Minuet and trio
The longest movement in a classical multimovement cycle is most often the _____ movement. This movement is typically in a fast tempo and is in _____ form. First, sonata-allegro
Typical order of sonata-allegro Exposition, Development, Recapitulation
The third movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik is in what form? Minuet and trio
Mozart worked successfully under the patronage system for his entire life. False
Which of the following is true of Mozart at the time just before his death? He was working on his Requiem
Which statements describe Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? The name translates to “a little night music.” The version we know today has four movements. It was written as social music.
Which statements describe the life and career of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart? He was born into a musical family. His own instrument was the piano. By the age of thirteen, he had written several operas.
What is the last section of sonata-allegro form in which the opening thematic material is restated? Recapitulation
What is the italian phrase found at the end of the trio section in a minuet-and-trio movement that means “from beginning?” da capo
What were two popular chamber genres performed in Mozart’s time? serenade, divertimento
Order of exposition of sonata form Theme in a tonic key. Bridge. Theme in alternate key. Closing section.
What happens in the development section of sonata form? modulation to multiple keys. Expansion and fragmentation of thematic material.
What describes the overall structure of minuet and trio form? A-B-A. Ternary
Improvisation occurs in a classical concerto. True
First-movement concerto form is based on principles from Baroque ritornello form and sonata-allegro form. True
The classical-era concerto has four movements. False
A brilliant solo passage in the manner of an improvisation within a concerto is called a _____. Cadenza
How many movements does a typical Classical-era concerto have? Three
In the Classical-era concerto, composers balanced the virtuosic display of the _____ with the collaborative efforts of the _____. soloist, orchestra
Through mozart wrote many of his piano concertos as display pieces for his own public performances, he wrote the G major piano concerto K. 453 for another person to perform. True
The cadenza that is typically performed today in Mozart’s G Major piano concerto, K.453 is _______. the cadenza written by Mozart
What is a unique feature of the solo concerto that sets it apart from other instrumental genres? the cadenza
Which of the following describe first-movement concerto form of the Classical era? 1. It is the most complex of the three movements2. It is the longest of the three movements3. It combines elements of ritornello procedure with sonata-allegro form.
During the Classical era, composers wrote concertos for orchestra and an instrumental _____. soloist
For which soloist did Mozart write his G Major Piano Concerto, K.453? Babette von Ployer
First-movement concerto form is sometimes described as a _____ form with a ______ exposition. sonata-allegro, double
Which of the following are true about Mozart’s concertos? – he mostly wrote them for himself to perform, but sometimes he wrote them for others-his concertos exhibited brilliant flourishes-he wrote 27 piano concertos
First movement: _____; second movement; ______; third movement; ______. fast, slow, fast
The Classical sonata typically consists of three to four movements. True
Beethoven gave the nickname Moonlight to his own piano sonata. False
Beethoven’s solo piano sonatas are some of his most important works. True
Beethoven dedicated his Moonlight Sonata to one of his students. True
Who was the Countess Guiletta Guicciardi? Beethoven’s student
Which of the following correctly describe Countess Guilieta Guicciardi and which do not? -one of beethoven’s students-the dedicatee of the moonlight sonata
Beethoven called the Moonlight Sonata a _____. Fantasy-like sonata
The classical sonata is a(n) ______ genre, usually written for the ______. Instrumental, piano
Classical sonatas were set either for solo instrument (usually the _____) or for _____. piano, duos
A scherzo is a quick-paced dance. True
Which of the following describe the sonata in the Classical era? -sometimes used by composer-performers as shown pieces-sometimes designed for amateur performance-considered the most significant in the keyboard literature
In the second movement of his moonlight sonata, beethoven uses a variant of the minuet called what? Scherzo
Haydn, Mozart, and their successors understood the term sonata as an instrumental work for one or _____ instruments consisting of _____ or four contrasting movements. two, three
The moonlight sonata evokes what new expressive style? romantic
How does the first movement of Beethoven’s moonlight sonata foreshadow song forms favored by Romantic composers in the generation following beethoven? -melody playing continuously through keys and registers-no opposition of themes or keys
Beethoven’s music is rooted in the Classical tradition but pushes the limits of that tradition. True
Beethoven completely abandoned formal considerations in his music. False
How many symphonies did Beethoven write? nine
The last movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9 features a choral setting of a poem called _____. ode to joy
Beethoven admired Napoleon until the latter declared himself emperor. true
The various movements of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony are unified by the opening motive. true
Which condition profoundly affected Beethoven’s work as a composer? deafness
Which of Beethoven’s symphonies includes a chorus? the ninth
Which of Beethoven’s symphonies was originally dedicated to Napoleon? the third
Which of the following are found in Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony and which are not? -the unification of all the movements with a single motivic idea-theme and variations
All four of the movements in Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony are based on one _____. motive
The text of Schiller’s _____ “ode to joy” is an expression of universal brotherhood and was inspired by the contemporary _____. poem, french revolution
Which of the following is NOT true of Beethoven’s symphonies? since they were written, they have rarely been performed
Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 is an early example of what type of form, in which a theme or musical idea from one movement returns in a later one? cyclical form
The ideology behind the “Ode to Joy” is valued outside Western culture. true
Which terms correctly describe Mozart’s Don Giovanni and which do not? -opera seria-opera buffa
In the Catalogue Aria, Leporello assures Donna Elvira that indeed she is Don Giovanni’s one true love. false
Who was Lorenzo da Ponte? the librettist who adapted the Don Juan legend into Mozart’s opera
Which voice part sings the role of Don Giovanni in Mozart’s opera? baritone
Which voice part sings the role of Don Giovanni’s servant, Leporello, in Mozart’s opera? bass
The Catalogue Aria in Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni catalogs what, exactly? a list of women in several countries whom Don Giovanni has seduced
In the Classical era, both serious opera and comic opera were popular. True
The type of Classical opera that continued a tradition of idealized characters and plots was called ____. opera seria
Mozart’s Don Giovanni does not have any comic opera elements. false
At the beginning of the eighteenth century, serious opera was the most prevalent style. true
Opera _____ presented lively, down-to-earth ____ rather than the remote concerns of gods and _____ heroes. buffa, plots, mythological
Whom did Don Giovanni desire? -zerlina-donna anna-donna elvira
In Mozart’s comic operas, he held ____ up to a mirror and emphasized the problems of separating people based on ____ and gender. society, class
Which character ultimately brings Don Giovanni to his justly deserved fate? The commendatore
While serious opera was almost invariable in the _____ language, comic opera was generally in the local language of the audience (this type of language is also known as the ____). italian, vernacular
Which of the following describe comic opera? -vernacular librettos-popular tunes
Mozart’s Requiem was left unfinished at his death. true
Mozart’s Requiem is an example of a Classical-era oratorio. false
Which of the following describe the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem and which do not? -written for soloist, chorus, and orchestra-text depicts a vision of Judgment Day
Mozart’s Requiem is a sacred piece of music. true
Mozart died while writing which piece? requiem mass
For which of the following events was Mozart’s Requiem chosen because of its expressive power? -JFK’s funeral-September 11 attack anniversary
In which language is the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem written? LatinThe dramatic Dies irae section of Mozart’s Requiem provides a vision of the Day of _____. wrath
In the Classical era, the main genres of sacred choral music were the ____ and the oratorio. A _____ is a musical setting of the Mass for the Dead. mass, requiem
Who completed the unfinished portions of Mozart’s Requiem? Franz Xaver Sussmayr
Mozart wrote the text for the Dies irae. false
Which of the following verses are found in the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem and which are not? (Only the first two words are included for each verse.) tuba mirum-dies irae-rex tremendae
The mood of Mozart’s Dies irae from Requiem shifts from ____ fear in a ____ key to a _____ plea for salvation. loud, minor, quiet
Identify the correct composer, title, and genre for this excerpt. Dynamic violin? –> Mozart, serenadeAgressive violin? (da da da DUUUUUUHH)? –> Beethoven, symphony

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