Harmony adds support, depth, and richness to a melody.
A consonance is a combination of tones that are stable and restful
Vivace is a tempo marking to indicate a lively pace
The frequency of vibrations are measured in cycles per second
beat is a regular recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the higher the pitch
clef is placed at the beginning of a staff to show the exact pitch of each line and space.
If a flute player were to play a solo without any other accompaniment, the texture would be polyphonic
Sequence can be defined as the repetition of a melodic pattern at a higher or lower pitch
Traditionally, a composition would almost always end on a tonic cord
Pizzicato is an indication to the performer to pluck the string with the finger instead of using the bow
The sense of relatedness to a central tone is known as tonality
Timbre is synonymous with tone color
A cappella refers to unaccompanied choral music
The dominant intellectual movement of the Renaissance was called humanism
The most important Venetian composer of the late Renaissance was Giovanni Gabrieli
In contrast to much Renaissance music, the ballett repeated the same music for each stanza of the poem
passamezzo is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane.
The development of the English madrigal can be traced to 1588 and considered a result of the Spanish armada
Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because the bass register is used for the first time
Terpsichore, a collection of over 300 dance tunes, was arranged for instrumental ensemble by Michael Praetorius
Venetian choral music of the late sixteenth century often contains parts that are written exclusively for instruments
St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was noted for its two widely separated choir lofts
Palestrina’s career centered in Rome
An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto’s soloist is known as a cadenza
The most important form of classical chamber music is the string quartet
A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the bridge
The main theme of the rondo tonic key
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called cadenza
A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same key in three of its movements