Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation Test 3

Sonata-allegro form an organizational structure based on contrasting musical ideas.three main sections – exposition, development, and recapitulationsometimes includes an optional coda at the end.
Recapitulation in sonata-allergo form, the return to the first theme and the tonic key following the development
Coda a final and concluding section of a musical composition
Symphony Orchestra a large classical orchestra, including string, wind, brass, and percussion instruments.
First Viennese School The First Viennese School is a name mostly used to refer to three composers of the Classical period in Western art music in late-18th-century Vienna: Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven.
exoticism use of sounds drawn from outside the traditional Western European musical experience19th century europe
exposition in sonata-allegro form, the principle section, in which all thematic material is presented
transition in sonata-allegro form, the unstable section in which the tonality changes from tonic to dominant in preparation for the appearance of the second theme
Symphony a genre of instrumental music for orchestra consisting of several movements
Romanticism a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.
Development the centermost portion of sonata-allegro form, in which the thematic material of the exposition is developed and extended, transformed, or reduced to its essence; often the most confrontational and unstable section of the movement
Theme and variation a musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm, or some other feature of the music
Piano sonata scherzo scherzo often refers to a movement that replaces the minuet as the third movement in a four-movement work, such as a symphony, sonata, or string quartet.
Art Song a genre of song for voice and piano accompaniment with high artistic aspirations
Movements of a symphony Movement 1 Fast, usually an allegro and in what became known as sonata form.Movement 2 Slow and often in a simple form such as ternary form.Movement 3 Minuet and trio, a dance borrowed from the Baroque period and in ternary form.Movement 4 Fast and usually an allegro, often light-hearted in style and in a form such as rondo form, theme and variations or sonata form.
Haydn Haydn, Symphony No. 94, the “Surprise,” 2nd movement
Mozart position as assistant concert masterchild prodigy Mozart, Eine kleine Nachtmusik, 1st movementMozart, Symphony No. 40 in G minor, 1st movementMozart, Piano Concerto in A Major, 1st movement
Beethoven Beethoven, Sonata No. 8 in C minor for piano, Opus 13, 1st movementBeethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C minor, 1st movementBeethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C minor, 2nd movementBeethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C minor, 3rd movementBeethoven, Symphony No. 5 in C minor, 4th movement
Schubert Shubert, Erlkonig
Don Giovani Mozart “dramatic, brutal, funny”
leporello f-key, simple, from the country side

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