In musical compositions, a theme is: musical idea that is used as a building block
A composer can fragment a theme by dividing it into smaller units called motives
Which of the following is NOT a type of thematic development? literally repeating a melody at the same pitch level
The repetition of a motive at a higher or lower pitch level is called a: sequence
Which of the following descriptions is most characteristic of a jazz performance? improvisations on preestablished harmonic patterns
Which of the following best describes absolute music? music without a story or text
In absolute music, the lack of a prescribed story or text to hold the music together makes the element of ________ especially important. form
Which of the following genres does NOT usually follow the general structure of a multimovement cycle? overture
Which movement is the most highly organized and most characteristic of the multimovement cycle? first
Which of the following is a common characteristic of the second movement of a multimovement cycle? lyrical, songful melodies
In the Classical multimovement cycle, the third movement is usually in ________ form. minuet and trio
A rondo is most typically found in the ________ movement of a Classical multimovement cycle. last
Which of the following compositional techniques does theme and variation form often utilize? a. melodic variation b. harmonic variation c. rhythmic variation d. all of the above**
A string quartet consists of: two violins, viola, and cello.
Which of the following was NOT a major composer of string quartets? a. Bach
Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 was nicknamed the Emperor because: The slow movement is based on a hymn written for Emperor Franz II.
The form of the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 is: theme and variations
The melody of the slow movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 3 became the national anthem of: Austria
Haydn served as a choirboy in: Vienna.
Who was Haydn’s principal patron? Prince Esterházy
Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to ________. London
The Classical symphony had its roots in the: opera overture.
How many movements are typical of pre-Classical symphonies? three
Quick crescendos and the four-movement cycle for symphonies were developed in: Germany.
The early Classical symphony is characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic drive. These are known as ________ themes. rocket
Which group of instruments was the nucleus of the Classical orchestra? strings
The typical Classical orchestra consisted of ________ players. thirty to forty
How many symphonies did Haydn compose? over 100
How many movements make up a typical Haydn symphony? four
The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by: Haydn.
Haydn composed ________ symphonies for his visits to London. twelve
Haydn composed the Military Symphony for his second visit to ________. London
How did Haydn’s Military Symphony earn its nickname? It includes percussion instruments associated with Turkish military music.
Janissary bands were associated with: Turkey.
What is the form of the second movement of Haydn’s Military Symphony? A-B-A’
Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of a: serenade.**
Eine kleine Nachtmusik is: German for A Little Night Music.
We can best regard sonata-allegro form as a drama between: two key areas.
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development, and the: recapitulation.
In sonata-allegro form, a modulatory section that leads from one theme to the next is called the: bridge.
What is the function of the bridge in sonata-allegro form? to modulate to a new key
In sonata-allegro form, the contrasting key is established by the statement of the: second theme.
In sonata-allegro form, the section that features the most tension and drama through modulation and motivic interplay is the: development.
The psychological climax of sonata-allegro form appears when the tonic returns at the: recapitulation.
The final section of a sonata-allegro movement, which rounds it off with a vigorous closing cadence, is the: coda.
Mozart is remembered today as: the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music
Which composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence? Mozart
Mozart died while writing his: Requiem.
Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik was originally written for what orchestration? string quartet plus double bass
. Which of the following best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? sonata-allegro
Which of the following best describes the opening of the first movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? It has a marchlike character.
What is the standard meter of the minuet? triple
The overall form of a minuet and trio is best outlined as: A-B-A.
The second dance, or the middle section, of a minuet, is called the: trio.
The Italian words da capo are commonly found in ________ form. ternary
What is a raga in North Indian classical music? a series of pitches project a mood
The long-necked, plucked string instrument common in North Indian classical music is called the: sitar.
How many movements are in a Classical concerto? three
A typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment called the: cadenza.
The first movement of a Classical concerto is in sonata-allegro form with a: double exposition.
The typical first movement of a Classical concerto begins with: the orchestra.
The cadenza in the Classical concerto appears: near the end of the first movement
Which of the following does NOT describe Mozart’s piano concertos? He rarely performed his own works, preferring to spotlight his students.
Mozart wrote the Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453, for a performance by: Babette von Ployer
What is the form of the first movement of Mozart’s Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453? first-movement concerto form
How does the orchestral exposition of the first movement of Mozart’s Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453 differ from the exposition in a symphony sonata-allegro? It remains in one key area.
What is the form of the second movement of Mozart’s Piano Concerto in G Major, K. 453? theme and variations
Which of the following was NOT a favored sonata instrumentation during the late eighteenth century? piano and trumpet
How many piano sonatas did Beethoven compose? thirty-two
Beethoven supported himself through: a. teaching music lessons. c. giving public concerts. b. publishing his music. d. all of the above**
Beethoven suffered from perhaps the most traumatic of all maladies for a musician. What was it? deafness
Beethoven’s career is often divided into ________ compositional periods. three
In his third compositional period, Beethoven: used more chromatic harmonies.
How many symphonies did Beethoven write? 9
Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 was subtitled Moonlight by: the poet Rellstab, shortly after the composer’s death
Beethoven gave his Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 the designation: quasi una fantasia.
Beethoven’s famous Moonlight Sonata has ________ movements. three
The dreamy first movement of the Moonlight Sonata features: a. a singing melody c. a modified strophic form. b. an accompaniment with arpeggios. d. all of the above**
The first movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2: is in a modified song form
The second movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 is: a gentle scherzo and trio.
The third movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 is: filled with restless emotion
Which composer both maintained and disrupted the balance of the Classical style? Beethoven
With which symphony did Beethoven begin to expand the possibilities of the genre? No. 3
Which work by Beethoven is called the Choral Symphony? the Ninth Symphony
The “Ode to Joy” is the finale of Beethoven’s: Symphony No. 9.
The text of the “Ode to Joy” was written by: Schiller.
How many movements does Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 have? four
Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? a four-note motive
What is the form of the second movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? theme and variations
Which of the following does NOT describe the final movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? The movement ends in despair, just like the first movement.
Which Beethoven symphony was selected to celebrate the fall of the Berlin Wall? Symphony No. 9
During the Classical era, the prevalent form of opera, which contained many recitatives and arias designed to display virtuosity, was called: . opera seria.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of opera seria? designed to appeal to the middle class
The rigid conventions of opera seria were shaped largely by: Metastasio.
How did comic opera differ from opera seria? a. It was sung in the vernacular. b. It presented down-to-earth plots. c. It featured ensemble as well as solo singing. d. all of the above**
Which of the following was NOT a new type of opera intended to reflect simplicity and real human emotions? opera seria.
Mozart’s librettist for Don Giovanni was: Lorenzo da Ponte.
Which of the following descriptions characterizes the story of Don Giovanni? It mixes elements of opera seria and opera buffa
Don Giovanni attempts to console Donna Elvira, who has been betrayed by: c. Don Giovanni himself. Don Giovanni himself.
The tone of the Catalogue Aria from Mozart’s Don Giovanni is: comic.
The Catalogue Aria from Mozart’s Don Giovanni lists Don Giovanni’s: conquests
Which of the following choral genres was NOT developed during the Baroque? part song
A musical setting of the Mass for the Dead is called: a Requiem.
Oratorios primarily drew their stories from: . the Bible.
Mozart’s Requiem was: his last work, incomplete at his death.
Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? Süssmayr
The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin. Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin.
Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin. Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin.
Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin. Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin.0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin. Who completed Mozart’s Requiem? d. Süssmayr6. The Dies irae text from the Requiem Mass describes: d. Judgment Day.7. Which of the following correctly describes the musical forces for Mozart’s Requiem? d. winds, brass, strings, timpani, choir, and four soloists8. The ________ accompanies the baritone voice in the Tuba mirum section of Mozart’s Requiem. a. trombone9. Which of the following best describes the mood of the Dies irae from Mozart’s Requiem? c. fearful and then wondering 10. The text of Mozart’s Requiem is sung in:b. Latin.