Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation Test 1

What are the four main properties of musical sounds? pitch, dynamics, tone color, duration
What are the dynamic markings used in music? pppp, ppp, pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff, fff, ffff,
What percussion instruments has definite pitch? Timpani (kettledrums)GlockenspielXylophoneCelestaChimes
What is an organ, piano, harpsichord – what makes them unique? They’re keyboard instruments, and they can play several tones at once easily.
What do musicians use to keep themselves on tempo? Metronome
What is homophonic, monophonic and polyphonic music? Monophonic: one note at a time, no extra instrumentsHomophonic: voice with accompanimentPolyphonic: multiple voices and instruments
What is three part form? ABAA- higher B- lower A-higher
What is Gregorian chant (characteristics of) and who is it named for? Pope GregoryMonophonic
What are the years that are spanned in the medieval period? 450-1450
Who were the important musicians in the medieval period? Hildegard first woman who notated musicTroubadour Guillaume IX and trouvere Chastelain de Couci (Secular Music)Priests
Who is Hildegard of Bingen? First woman to notate music
Who created the school of Notre Dame and what are the characteristics of the music? Leonin and PerotinStarted using notation
We know little about the music of very ancient civilizations because? It wasn’t recorded or it didn’t survive
During the Middle Ages, what institution was the center of musical life? The Church
Who wrote the first music that was truly preserved? Monks, priests, nuns
What was the popular dance music in the medieval period? Secular music
Who were the earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm? Leonin and Perotin
What was the function of secular music in the middle ages? Dance or news
Know the parts of the mass ordinary Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnusdei
Know the letter names for the lines and spaces of the treble and bass clef top to bottomTreble-Lines: AFDBGSpaces: GECABass-Lines: FDBGESpaces: ECAF
pitch the highness or lowness of a sound
dynamics The volume of the music
Improvisation a performance given without planning or preparation
reed a small thin piece of cane, metal or plastic in some musical instruments such as the oboe
Tempo speed of music
Time Signature tells how many beats are in each measure and what kind of note gets one beat
Ars Nova Fourteenth-century French polyphonic musical style whose themes moved increasingly from religious to secular.
cantus firmus “fixed melody”, usually of very long notes, often based on a fragment of Gregorian chant that served as the structural basis for a polyphonic composition, particularly in the Renaissance
Octave 8 line stanza
Tremolo rapid (“trembling”) repetition of a tone or chord, without apparent breaks, to express emotion
Pizzicato plucking the strings
beat regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time
chord combination of three or more tones sounded at once
Modulation the process of changing from one key to another
Organum Earliest kind of polyphonic music, which developed from the custom of adding voices above a plainchant; they first ran parallel to it at the interval of a fifth or fourth and later moved more freely

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