Which of the following description is MOST characteristic of a jazz performance? Improvisations on preestablished harmonic patterns.
Which of the following is a common characteristic of the second movement of a multimovement cycle? lyrical, songful melodies
A rondo is most typically found in the ______ movement of a Classical multi-movement cycle. last
Which of the following compositional techniques does rondo form utilize? rhythmic variation
Which of the following were major composers of string quartets? Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven
The form of the fourth movement of Haydn’s String Quartet, Op. 33, No. 2 is rondo
Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country? Paris
Which diagram represents a rondo in its simplest form? A-B-A-C-A
Which group of instruments was the nucleus of the Classical orchestra? strings
The typical Classical orchestra consisted of _____ players. 30 to 40
The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by Haydn
What is the typical tempo for the second movement of a multi-movement work? Andante
Which of the following compostional technique does theme and variation from often utilize? melodic variation, rhythmic variation, and harmonic variation.
The early Classical symphony is characterized by drawn-out crescendos, sometimes referred to as a steamroller effect
We can best regard sonata-allegro form as a drama between two groups of instruments
The three main sections of sonata-allegro form are the exposition, the development and the recapitulation
Which composer rebelled against the patronage system and struggled to achieve financial independence? Mozart
Which of the following best describes the form of the first movement of Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik? Sonata-Allegro
The second dance, or the middle section, of a minuet is called the Trio
Who composed Eine Kleine Nachtmusik? Mozart
Where was Mozart born? Salzburg, Austria
The cadenza comes toward the ______ of a movement during a concerto. middle
What is a cadenza? a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment.
The cadenza is a typical part of a(n) concerto
Which of the following was favored sonata instrumentation during the late eighteenth century? piano alone
The second movement of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 is a gentle scherzo and trio
With which symphony did Beethoven begin to expand the possibilities of the genre? No. 9
The “Ode to Joy” is the finale of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9
The text of the “Ode to Joy” was written by Schiller
Which of the following best describes the opening idea of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? 3 note motive
Which of the following best describes the opening to the third movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5? It uses a 4 note motive.
Which symphony by Beethoven has become a rallying cry for widely divergent philosophies? Symphony No. 5
A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called: strophic
Schubert was born in Vienna
Which of the following is true of Schubert’s Elfking? The masterpiece of his youth, based on a legend that whoever is touched by the king of the elves must die, presents four characters who are differentiated in the music.
Which musical devices does Schubert use to portray the child’s terror in Elfking? high range and dissonance
Which of the following describes Schumann’s setting of A Poet’s Love? It fuses lyric and dramatic elements, conveys a mood of despair, creates a union of piano and voice.
What is the form of “In the lovely month of May”? strophic
Which of the following best describes Schumann’s In the lovely month of May? It is harmonically meandering.
Which of the following was technical improvement to the nineteenth century piano? It was made louder, range was expanded, and given improved mechanical action.
Chopin is credited with developing the modern piano style
In connection with Chopin’s music, the term rubato means that the performer should take liberties with the tempo
The concept of a program overture had its origin in the opera overture.
Edvard Grieg was a composer from Norway
Brahms maintained a lifelong close relationship with: Clara Schumann
Brahms wrote _____ symphonies. 4
The structure of the third movement of Brahms’s Symphony No. 3 is: ternary
Wagner’s first operatic success was a grand opera entitled: Faust.
Where was Wagner born? Leipzig, Germany
The principal themes in Wagner’s operas, which recur throughout and carry specific meanings, are called leitmotifs.
The dominant center of ballet in the early nineteenth century was France
In ballet, the pas de deux is: dance for two
Which of the following was Tchaikovsky’s principal patron? Nadezhda von Meek
Tchaikovsky’s fanciful ballet about a child’s Christmas gift and dreams of exotic people and places is: The Nutcracker
The trepak is a folk dance from Arabia
The celesta is featured in the _______ from The Nutcracker. Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy
Which of the following major musical streams did French Romantic composers reject? Wagner’s music dramas.
Of which genre is Faure considered to be a master? Song
What position did Faure hold at Le Figaro? Critic
Faure was an influential critic at which major Paris newspaper? Le Figaro
Faure’s musical writing was in direct contrast to the German Romanticism of Wagner
The Libra me from Faure’s Requiem is sung in Latin
Impressionism was a style of painting that was cultivated principally in: Paris
Which of the following are characteristics of Impressionist music? All answers shown here. (Whole tone scales, parallel chords, ninth chords)
Symbolist poetry rebelled against Impressionism
Which of the following describes the activities of Harry T. Burleigh? All answers shown here. (He studied with Dvorak, arranged spirituals for voice and piano, became a music publisher.)
The Christian movement at the turn of the 1800’s was known as the Second Great Awakening
When did spirituals gain a broader cultural presence? Immediately after the Civil War.
What school in Nashville, Tennessee, was founded as a college for freed slaves? Fisk University
The Sturm und Drang Movement came about largely because of two works, written by Schiller and Goethe
A melody composed with a symmetrical four bar phrase structure delineated by cadences is characteristic of the ______ period Classical
The concept of rhythmic regularity suggests: strong rhythms, moving at a steady tempo
The democratic character of the Romantic movement is illustrated by sympathy for the oppressed, interest in folk culture, faith in humankind and its destiny.
Which of the following describes orchestras of the nineteenth century? The conductor emerged as a central figure, range of dynamics increased, and new instruments were added to the ensemble.
What was the slogan of the French Revolution? “Death to the tyrants”