A melodic line that moves by small intervals is called (1) conjunct
The distance between 2 pitches is called (1) an interval
The type of melodic movement in the “Star Spangled Banner” is (1) disjunct
A place in the melody where a musician will most likely pause for a breath it at the (1) cadence
The term referring to the overall shape of a melody is (1) contour
The high point of a melodic line is considered its (1) climax
The contour of the opening phrase of “Joy to the World” is best described as (1) descending
A phrase and cadence in music can be likened to a (1) sentence and period
Scientifically, pitch is determined by its (1) frequency
The distance between the highest and lowest pitches in a melodic line is considered its (1) range
An accented beat followed by two weak beats would indicate (2) triple meter
Rhythm that is created when the accent is shifted to a weak beat or an offbeat is (2) syncopation
In triple meter, the accent is typically on which beat (2) first
Several meters occurring simultaneously is called (2) polyrhythm
The number of beats in a measure determines the (2) meter
The first accented beat of each measure is known as the (2) downbeat
When a melody does not begin on the first beat (or downbeat), it is said to begin on a (2) upbeat
Music that moves without a strong sense of beat might be considered (2) nonmetric
The element that propels music forward is (2) rhythm
The most common type of chord in western music is the (3) triad
A combination of tones that sound discordant or in need of resolution can be described as (3) dissonant
The tonality of a piece is determined by (3) the scale chosen by the composer
The first and last note in a major or minor scale is called the (3) tonic
Using the syllable designations for pitches, an octave would be describe as (3) do-do
Melody is the horizontal dimension in music while harmony adds (3) vertical perspective
Three or more tones sounded together produce a (3) chord
A collection of pitches arranged in ascending and descending order constitutes (3) a scale
How many major scales are there in Western music (4) 12
In western music, dominant (V) and subdominant (IV) are called ____ chords (4) active
Music of the Baroque and Classical periods are mostly (4) diatonic
The key of a piece is determined (4) by the scale used
When a composer shifts the key center for part of an entire work, it is called (4) modulation
The note one half step above G is (4) G sharp
The interval (distance) between G and A is (4) one whole step
If a major or minor scale is transposed to a different starting pitch, the pattern of half steps and whole steps changes. (4) false
When a composer shifts the pitch level of an entire work, it is called (4) transposition
Harmonies built on the dominant (5th scale degree) have a tendency toward (4) the tonic
A scale comprised entirely of half steps is called a ____ scale (4) chromatic
The sign that indicates a pitch should be raised a half step is called a (4) sharp
One of the most common scales used in Africa, Far Eastern, and Native American culture is the (4) pentatonic scale
The interweaving of a melody and harmony in music produces (5) texture
Monophonic texture is the simplest musical texture (5) true
A single line texture is known as (5) monophony
A texture that combines a melody w/ an ornamented version of itself is called (5) heterophonic
Which of the following textures is based on counterpoint (rounds) (5) polyphony
One person singing Happy Birthday w/ simple chords accompanying the melody produces a ____ texture (5) homophobic
A melody, whether sung or performed on an instrument, is often referred to as a (5) voice
A texture is which all voices move together in the same rhythm is called (5) homorhythmic
The best description of melodic idea is that its presented in one voice, then restated in another, is (5) imitation
A work that is comprised of a strictly imitative musical texture is called a (5) canon
A round is based on the principle of ____ where each voice enters in succession w/ the same melody (5) imitation
The basic elements of form are repetition, variation, and contrast (6) true
The form in which there is a statement followed by a departure from that statement is known as (6) binary
A principle of form that is based on repeated alterations of a given melody (but still recognizable) is called (6) variation
Which form features a statement of an idea, a contrasting idea, then reputation of the first idea? (6) ternary
Repeated music for each stanza of text in a song results in ____ form (6) strophic
A short repeated musical pattern used as a structural device in music is known as a (6) ostinato
A performance practice based on the concept of a singing leader imitated by a chorus of followers is called (6) call and response
A ____ can serve as a building block in the construction of a musical work (6) theme
Independent parts of a large scale work ( a symphony, for example) are called (6) movements
In music forms ____ fixes the material in the listeners mind and satisfies the need for the familiar (6) repetition
A fragment of a theme that forms a melodic- rhythmic unit is called a (6) motive
A work that’s created spontaneously in performance is called (6) improvised
Which term best describes the musical event in which a motive is repeated at a different pitch level (6) sequence