Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation Pt. 5

An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures may be found in which period of music? classical
One way in which music from the classical era differs from the Baroque is that there is a fluctuation in mood
Classical melodies sound balanced because they are made up of two phrases of the same length
The piano began to be widely used by 1775
In the classical orchestra, which section was considered the most important? strings
A classical form written in 2-4 movements for one or two instruments is called a sonata
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life serving a wealthy aristocratic family
In the classical period, comic opera sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy
Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered a skilled servant
Social mobility during the classical period was an important factor in the rise of the middle class
Vienna in 1800 was the fourth-largest city in Europe, had a population of almost 250,000, and was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire
In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart became close friends
In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by folk and popular music
The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as theater, literature, and music
The Concert des Amateurs, an organization in Paris devoted to presenting public concerts, was conducted in the 1770’s by the Chevalier de Saint-Georges
Sonata form should be viewed as a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement the second theme is in a new key
Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ____ movement of a multi-movement work first, slow, and final fast
In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement all the principal material is in the tonic key
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a repeat sign
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as AA’A”A”’A””
Each successive variation in a theme with variations retains some elements of the theme
The ____ movement of Haydn’s Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form second
The minuet is generally the ____ movement of a classical symphony third
The minuet as a whole may be outlined as ABA
In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a ____ movement instead of the minuet scherzo
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n) dance at the court of Louis XIV of France
The character of the minuet is best described as stately and dignified
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it moves more quickly
As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart’s Eine kleine Nachtmusik sounds an octave lower than the cello part
Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a finale
A common rondo pattern is ABACA
The main theme of the rondo is usually in the tonic key
Another common rondo pattern is ABACABA
The rondo was used as late as the twentieth century
Symphony may be defined as a(n) musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements, sonata for orchestra, and extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in sonata
ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the slow movement
A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same key in three of its movements
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for instrumental soloist and orchestra
An unaccompanied showpiece for the concerto’s soloist is known as a cadenza
The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the minuet or scherzo
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the piano
A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a fermata
The first movement of a classical concerto has two expositions
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a small room
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello
The most important form in classical chamber music is the string quartet
The piano trio is a musical composition for violin, cello, and piano
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music is performed by one player per part
Along with his symphonies, Haydn’s _______ are considered his most important works string quartets
Haydn’s duties while in the service of the Esterhazys included composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra of about twenty-five players, and coaching the singers for operatic performances
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn’s music? There are few changes in texture and orchestration
Haydn’s Trumpet Concerto in E Flat Major is performed today by the valve trumpet
By the age of six, Mozart could play the harpsichord and violin, improvise fugues and write minuets, and read music perfectly sight
Don Giovanni, in Mozart’s opera of that name, is the legendary Spanish lover
Mozart’s Requiem was finished by one of his pupils after Mozart’s death
Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart was continually on tour in England and Europe
Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 is in G minor
Mozart’s finest German opera was The Magic Flute
Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria
Which of the following is not one of Mozart’s three masterpieces of Italian opera? Orfeo
Which of the following statements is no true about the late eighteenth-century fortepiano? It weighed the same as the modern piano
Beethoven’s greatest liturgical music is to be found in his Missa Solemnis
Beethoven’s late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include piano sonatas, string quartets, and the Ninth Symphony
Beethoven greatly expanded the ______ section of the sonata-form movement and made it more dramatic development
The choral finale of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is based on Schiller’s Ode to Joy
Beethoven’s sixteenth _____ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed string quartets
One of the most famous rhythmic ideas in music is the short-short-long motive found in Beethoven’s 5th Symphony
First section of a sonata-form movement, which sets up a strong conflict between the tonic key and the new key; and between the first theme (or group of themes) and the second theme (or group of themes). exposition
In the exposition of the sonata form, a section which leads from the first theme in the tonic, or home, key to the second theme, which is in a new key bridge (transition)
Second section of a sonata-form movement, in which themes from the exposition are developed and the music moves through several different keys development
Fragment of a theme,or short musical idea that is developed within a composition motive
Third section of a sonata-form movement, in which the first theme, bride, second theme, and concluding section are presented more or less as they were in the exposition, with one crucial difference: all the principal material is now in the tonic key recapitulation
In a sonata-form movement, a concluding section following the recapitulation and rounding off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further coda
Melodic idea that accompanies a main theme countermelody
From the beginning; an indication usually meaning that the opening section of a piece is to be repeated after the middle section da capo
Unaccompanied section of virtuoso display for the soloist in a concerto, usually appearing near the end of the first movement and sometimes in the last movement cadenza
In the classical period, there was no ______ except during the recitative in opera harpsichord
The orchestra only used trombones in _____ and _____ music opera, church
The most important composers of the Borococo was: Mozart & Haydn
In the opera, Marriage of Figaro, why did Figaro looked shorter than normal? Cherubino jumped out the window and the gardener saw him. Figaro pretended to be the one who jumped out the window.
In the opera, Marriage of Figaro, who was hiding in the closet with Sussan? Cherubino
The first movement of a symphony is in what form? Sonata form
The second movement of a symphony is in what form? Variation form
The third movement of a symphony is in what form? Minuet form
The fourth movement of a symphony is in what form? Rondo form
The symphony has ____ movements 4
The _______ became the most important type of piece symphony
In the recapitulation, this is when the key has not changed: the bridge is “broken”
Mozart was most influenced by Bach
The second movement = slow
The fourth movement = string quartet
The third movement = minuet & trio
The symphony has ____ themes 2
The first key is in the tonic key
The exposition repeats
A piece for a solo instrument and orchestra Concerto form
The concerto form is divided into __ movements: ___, ___, ___ 3, fast, slow, fast
An end to an idea Cadenza
Beethoven’s ____ symphony was the most famous, and it was the first symphony to use a _____ 9th, choir
The Requiem in D minor kerkel’s number is: K626
Catalog number: kerkel
He invented/made the string quartet Hadyn
Who wrote the 1st trumpet concerto? Hadyn
Beethoven’s music was all about emotion
A dance, usually in triple meter, less refined than a minuet, and faster than a minuet scherzo
First symphony to take a theme from the first movement and put/move it to another movement Beethoven’s symphony No. 5
What movement in the concerto form is slow? second movement
What does the concerto form have that the sonata form doesn’t? a cadenza
Why was some of Mozart’s pieces have Baroque style in it? Mozart studied the work of Bach
Free interchange has instrument parts unfold classical
When do you hear the first movement in Mozart’s first theme? in the first movement
What does Cherubino lose and Figaro finds it? a commission letter
What was the name of Beethoven’s mass? Missa Solemnis
First section of the sonata form: exposition
Second section of the sonata form: development
Third section of the sonata form: recapitulation
There are 3 sections of the sonata form; they are: exposition, development, recapitulation

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