The following example features a steady pulse played by the bass. 5:59 True
The sense of beat in this example is unstressed throughout. 4:32 True
The tempo in this example could be described as: :30 Accelerando
Rhythm is defined as: The organization of sound in time
Which combination of beat and tempo is present in this excerpt? :30 Strong and fast
The proper musical term for ‘decreasing the tempo’ is __________ ritardando
The rhythmic “surprise” created by accents occurring in unexpected places in the following example is called… :13 Syncopation
The proper musical term for “increasing the tempo” is __________. accelerando
The pulse in this example… :44 Is very weak throughout
Syncopation is often used in jazz settings. True
Which of these statements best describes the unique rhythmic feature in this example? :19 The dramatic use of silence
The tempo in this example… :36 Remains consistent
From the word pairs, select the one that completes the following sentence correctly.Each measure contains a combination of strong and weak __________, which represent the underlying ____________ of the music. beats : pulse
Listen to the following selection. :59 Vivace
The following excerpt is not an example of triple meter. :42 false
The Italian term for at ease is: Adagio
Which of the following excerpts has a fast tempo?:11:11 Excerpt A
__________ is an Italian term that describes moderately fast tempo Moderato
Listen to the following selection. 7:31 Which of the following Italian tempo terms best applies to this selection? Allegro
Which excerpt suggests tempo rubato?:49:9 Excerpt A
Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score? Over the staff
Tempo is an Italian universal musical term that refers to the speed at which a music composition is played. True
Which excerpt is an example of accelerando?:12:13 Excerpt A
Meter in music can best be described as: The grouping of pulses into consistent units
The predominant meter of this example is:2:53 triple
This example illustrates the use of::30 Ritardando
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando.:11 false
The Italian term that describes very fast tempo is: presto
The following excerpt is an example of duple meter.:14 true
Which excerpt suggests a weak beat?:8:11 Excerpt B
From the word pairs, select the one that completes the following sentence correctly.Meter organizes _________ and __________ sounds into units called measures. stressed:unstressed
Which of the following is a false statement? Tempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms.
The placement of accents in the following example causes us to perceive its meter as::25 Mixed and changing
The top number of the time signature above, represents: There are three beats in each measure.
The following piece is an example of triple meter.3:30 false
If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect: The first movement to be fast, the second slower
The tempo of this example could be described as::20 Rubato
In the following example::29 The repeated rhythm pattern is part of the accompaniment
The following excerpt is an example of ritardando.:11 true
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?:36 Repeated tones
The melodic material in the following excerpt can be best described as having::13 Mixed melodic directions with a transitional character
A melody consists of a succession of: pitches
Does the following excerpt feature more disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?:22 Conjunc
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?:26 The excerpt features all three
The most salient compositional aspect of the following excerpt is::35 Imitation between voices
Does the following excerpt move mainly by disjunct, conjunct, or repeated tones?:13 The excerpt features all three
When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a: theme
The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of: Shape, direction, and range
The direction of the following melody can be best described as::5 Downward at first and then static
The following excerpt is::15 The Triumphal March from the opera Aida
The trumpet melody in the following excerpt can be best described as::3 Disjunct
The melody in the following excerpt is comprised of::24 Several small melodic ideas
The following excerpt is consonant.:11 true
The following excerpt represents::11 Melody with harmonic accompaniment
The following excerpt represents melody by itself without harmonic accompaniment.:3 false
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment.:11 true
The following excerpt is dissonant.:28 false
Although the violin is mostly a single melody instrument, violinists can also play chords using an instrumental technique known as::16 Double stops
Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony. false
The following excerpt represents a melody without harmonic accompaniment.:14 true
This music example illustrates a chord played one note after another. This is called::1 Arpeggio
The following excerpt represents melody with harmonic accompaniment.:6 false
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music. false
This excerpt demonstrates::19 How dissonant harmonies create tension and instability throughout
Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension false
This music passage is an example of::16 Homophony
Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other. true
This music excerpt is an example of::31 Polyphonic texture
Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony? The independence and equality of concurrent melodic lines
The following excerpt represents polyphonic texture.:14 false
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture.:7 true
The following excerpt represents monophonic texture.:21 false
This piece is a good example of::18 Homophonic texture
This piece of music is a good example of::20 Polyphonic texture
In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music. true
Listen to the following example.:9 Monophony
The following excerpt represents homophonic texture.:18 false
The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called: monophony
The following music excerpt features::17 A mixture of polyphonic and homophonic textures
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture? Cacophony
Which excerpt most likely represents theme and variations form?15:333:59 Example A
This piano piece exemplifies:2:34 Ternary form
This composition is a clear example of:17:17 Theme and variations form
Listen to the following two examples from a piece in rondo form presented in the text.Which excerpt represents the Theme?:20:53 Example A
This movement from a piano sonata by Beethoven exemplifies:4:25 Rondo form
Listen to the following example.Play PlayDiscover Music playerWhich form does it represent?2:06 Ternary form
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form.3:22 false
This cello piece exemplifies __________ form.2:33 Binary
This piece of music is an example of:3:59 Strophic form
The following musical excerpt represents strophic form.3:11 true
Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music. true
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of repetition? binary form
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast? strophic form
Composers and arrangers can introduce some elements of variation in a piece of music without altering its basic form. true
Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are not good examples of strophic form. false
According to the text, in rondo form, the repeating themes are separated by: contrasting episodes
This is an example of a musical genre known as:13 Gregorian chant
Which of the following is a salient characteristic of secular music from the Medieval period? Strong, dance-like rhythms performed by a combination of instruments and voices
Which of the following factors most strongly suggests that this piece is an example of secular music?:32 It has irregular rhythms
This excerpt is most likely from a…:25 Troubadour song
A unifying factor for social, political, and cultural life in the Medieval period was… the roman catholic church
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies. false
This excerpt is an example of a medieval religious type of composition known as4:32 Gregorian Chant
The texture of this example is…:17 Polyphonic
A feature of this example suggests it is from the early part of the Medieval period. That feature is::22 Monophonic texture
Which of the following were secular genres in the Medieval period? Rondeaus, ballades, and lai
Which of the following were important composers in the Medieval period? Hildegard von Bingen and Guillaume de Machaut
Guido d’Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay). false
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of sacred music from the Medieval period? Smooth melodies sung a cappella
The composer of this excerpt is…:17 Guillaume de Machaut
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music? Charlemagne
Which of the following examples represents sacred music?2:174:244:31 Example B
Which of the following were sacred genres in the Medieval period? Masses and motets
This excerpt is an example of::30 Secular music
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong? Pope Gregory I
This excerpt is an example of…:32 This excerpt is an example of…
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition? Cantus firmus
The following example was composed by a musician whose career exemplifies the dominance of composers from Northern France and the Netherlands during the Renaissance.5:37 Josquin Desprez
The following excerpt is an example of Renaissance a cappella choral music.3:13 true
The Renaissance was the Golden Age of: Choral composition for small ensembles
Which of the following selections is an example of a Renaissance consort?1:555:1910:261:30 Excerpt D
Renaissance artists didn’t really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the “purity” of their music. false
The Renaissance madrigal was a sacred music form used to convey the meanings behind the poems on which they were based. false
What element of the musical style of the following piece indicates that it is from the Renaissance period rather than the Medieval period?:27 It features imitation that goes through all the voices
Despite advances in other areas, Renaissance harmony and polyphony remained restricted to the music rules that governed most of the Medieval period. false
The following composition, featuring 40 voices, was written by:12:15 Thomas Tallis
[Image]This instrument, which was very popular during the Renaissance, is called a lute
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances.5:37 true
The following excerpt has smooth melodies that imitate one another on entrances.3:42 false
Venit ad Petrum was often used as the cantus firmus for the mass. true
The following example is played on an instrument that was very popular during the Renaissance. That instrument is the::37 lute
Which of the following is a composition for the vihuela?3:061:581:593:43 Example B
This is an excerpt from a::25 Madrigal
Which of the following was NOT a popular form during the Renaissance period? plainsong
According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as: The golden age of Choral Music
Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance? Columbus discovered the “new world”
During the Baroque period, the term sonata was used for musical works __________. to be played
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period? the scientific revolution
Which of the following important events took place during the Baroque period? the 30 years war
The composer of the following music example could likely be…:40 Purcell
Which of these examples is a recitative?:33:24:17 Excerpt B
The following excerpt is an example for which style of recitative?1:00 Recitativo secco
Which of the following examples features melismatic singing?:20:24:21:20 Example C
Listen to this music example and answer the following question: What would be the typical expectation regarding the rest of the movements of this particular type of work?:47 There may be other movements, some of which may introduce soloists.
A Baroque sonata is… A piece for solo instrument or a small group of instruments
The dynamics in this example is best described as::47 Terraced dynamics
The Baroque concerto is… A piece that contrasts a solo instrument with an ensemble
The following musical excerpt is from a recitative.1:01 false
Which one of the following pairs of words or phrases represents the two main concepts behind Baroque music? Basso continuo; The Doctrine of Affections
A Baroque suite is… A multi-movement instrumental work based on rhythms of popular dances
A Baroque oratorio is… A multi-movement sacred work for soloist and choir intended for a concert performance
Which of the following excerpts exhibits Baroque rhythmic characteristics?:39:39 Excerpt B
What is the name of the technique used in the following excerpt?1:54 Terraced dynamics
In the Baroque period, music for keyboard… Was created mainly for use in instrumental genres such as sonatas, suites, and concertos
The earliest surviving opera—then called dramma per musica—was written by a member of the Florentine Camerata named: Jacopo Peri
The dates given in the course for the Baroque Period place it between: 1600-1750
The following example from the Classical period may be classified as a/an::37 Sonata
The following musical excerpt is from the Classical period.3:41 true
Which of the following were important composers of the Classical period? Mozart and Haydn
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is::08 Short, symmetrical, and balanced
Which one of the following excerpts may be classified as chamber music?:17:10:34:21 Excerpt C
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next? A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
The rhythm of the following example suggests that the piece was composed during the Classical period. The rhythm may be described as having a::13 Clear pulse and meter with regular, dance-like rhythms
From which of the following pairs would you choose the most likely composer of this example?:46 Haydn or Beethoven
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as::38 Homophonic
Which would be the most likely composer of this example?:20 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Which one of the following examples comes from a famous Beethoven symphony?:50:29:53:57 Excerpt D
What common Classical period genre does this excerpt represent? symphony
The dates given in this course for the Classical period are: 1750 – 1825
Which one of the following excerpts belongs to a large choral work from the classical period?:38:18:21 Excerpt A
Which of the following characteristics are associated with the rococo style? Elegance, delicacy, softness, and playfulness
Which genre is represented by this example?1:00 Concerto
Sonata-allegro form was used mainly in works for solo piano and did not apply to works for larger ensembles. false
We can say that the harmony in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it features::26 chord accompaniment and clear, strong cadences
This is an example of a new style of opera called opera buffa that emerged during the Classical period. It differed from opera in previous periods because…:55 Stories were based on “real people,” and the music was light and humorous.
Which Classical genre is represented by this example?:52 Chamber music
The following excerpt is from Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude.:15 false
In broad terms, music and the other arts of the Romantic period… In broad terms, music and the other arts of the Romantic period…
The name of the composer pictured above, who wrote more than 600 art songs (lieder), is: Frédéric Chopin
Which of the following composers envisioned operas as “musical dramas”—a combination of all the arts? wagner
According to the text, the Traditionalists were composers of the Romantic era who: Held reverence for the music of the masters
Which of the following excerpts features frequently changing tempos?:39:40:30:30 not A
The composer pictured above is best known for taking older forms and styles and redefining them in modern ways. Antonín Dvorák was inspired by his Hungarian Dance No. 1. What is this composer’s name?3:02 Brahms
The dynamics of this excerpt indicate that it was composed in the Romantic period because::24 Dynamics range from extreme soft to very loud
The dance-like characteristics of the following piece indicate that it was written by::22 Chopin
This excerpt is representative of Romantic music because…:42 It expresses strong emotion through extreme loud and soft dynamics, wide pitch ranges, and a variety of timbres.
Which of the following statements best describes musical form in the Romantic period? Romantic composers worked with traditional forms but expanded them in innovative ways to meet their expressive needs.
Which of the following is an example of increasing tempo (accelerando), and the increasing excitement that goes with it?:54:33:22:52 Excerpt D
Which of the following was not a member of the Five? Pyotr Tchaikovksy
Which of the following composers, upon arriving in Paris in 1831, quickly became closely associated with the most prominent intellectuals, artists, musicians, political activists, and financiers of his day, thus launching his career? Chopin
Which of the following was NOT known as a composer of choral music? Chopin
The melody in this composition is representative of Romantic music because it::34 Is long, flowing, and lyrical
Notes that don’t belong to the traditional scale are known as ______________ alterations. Chromatic
According to the text, which of the following is NOT considered a form of program music? Mazurka
An important Romantic composer founded The New Journal of Music, an influential musical periodical in which this same composer frequently published his own musical criticism and promoted the works of other musicians. His name is: schumann
Which of the following excerpts is most likely a composition by Paganini?:23:31:241:13 Excerpt C
Which of the following trends in contemporary music does this excerpt exemplify?:27 jazz
Which of the following composers most heavily influenced the music of the French post-WWI school of musicians known as Les Six? Erik Satie
What unique feature of this example suggests that it was written in the Contemporary period?:31 Use of a traditional instrument in a completely new way
Which one of these composers wrote music for prepared piano? john cage
The composers Samuel Barber, Thea Musgrave, and Ned Rorem resisted the 20th-century trend of serialism. true
Which of the following statements best describes the role of technology with regard to art music in the Contemporary period? Technology has enabled art music composers to experiment with and change the way that they create music.
Which of the following was not a French composer? carl orff
The following piece was written by a leading figure of the post-WWII German avant-garde. Identify this composer.1:01 Karlheinz Stockhausen
The factor that most clearly distinguishes this example from music of earlier periods is the use of::31 Extended dissonance that doesn’t resolve directly to consonance
Which of the following excerpts is atonal music?:23:14:18 Excerpt B
Which of the following best describes aleatory music? Music that allows for an element of chance to enter the performance
Which characteristic of texture in this example is most closely associated with music of the Contemporary period?:45 Thick texture with full and frequently dissonant chords
Nadia Boulanger was a prominent music teacher who taught some of the most influential composers of the 20th century, including Aaron Copland, Philip Glass, and Walter Piston true
Which of the following composers catapulted to the top of the 20th-century avant-garde after composing Firebird, Petrushka, and Le Sacre du Printemps? Igor Stravinsky
Which of the following movements is associated with Debussy and Ravel? impressionism
Which of the following composers developed the concept of total theater? carl orff
Which of the following composers did NOT employ total serialism in his work? ralph williams
Which one of the following composers’ style is most closely associated with that of the commercial music world known as Tin Pan Alley? George Gershwin
According to the text, what was the significance of Debussy’s work?10:32 It represented the first viable alternative to tonal music.
What compositional technique is illustrated by the following excerpt?:32 New ways to manipulate a traditional instrument