Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation

A musical sound is represented by a symbol called a(n): note
Measures mark off groupings of beats, each with a fixed number that coincides with the meter. True
A repeated rhythmic pattern in which an accented beat is followed by two unaccented beats is in: triple meter
The metrical pattern in which a strong beat alternates with a weak one is called: duple meter
The resting place at the end of a phrase a cadence
Syncopation is typical of African American dance music and spirituals. True
Which of the following songs is in compound meter? Greensleeves
Melodies that have numerous wide intervals are disjunct True
According to the textbook, the musical element that makes the widest and most direct appeal is: melody
The overall shape of a melody is called range. False
Should a composer write a dil score to a horror movie, we might reasonably expect the the harmony would include a great deal of: dissonance
Meter is an organizing principle shared by music and poetry. True
The simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patters is called: polyrhythm
A combination of tones that is discordant and unstable produces a consonance. False
A triad is a chord made up of three tones. True
Generally speaking, music had grown more consonant though the ages. False
Polyrhythm is the characteristic of musics of many African cultures. True
In triple meter, the strongest pule occurs on: The first beat
In sextuple meter, the principle accents usually fall on: beats 1 and 4
A musical sound: generally has a perceivable pitch and a measurable frequency.
A succession of single tones or pitches perceives as a unit is called: a melody
A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order is called: a scale
The distance between two pitches is called: an interval
The two scale types commonly found in Western music from about 1650 to 1900 are major and minor. True
Most musical cultures share the concept of melody or musical line. True
The element of music that organizes movement in time is: rhythm
Music that moves without a sense of beat or meter is called: nonmetric
The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called the: range
Which of the following terms describes a concordant, to agreeable, combination of tones? consonant
A melody can be characterized by: All of the above
The regular pulse in music is called the beat
A triad is: all of the above
What meter is known as common time? quadruple
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called: syncopation
A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called: monophonic
A unit of meaning within a larger structure of a melody is called: a phrase
The vertical dimension of music is called: harmony
Meter is the grouping of the beats
The number of vibration per second is called: frequency
In simple duple meter tree are beats in a measure and each beat is divisible by three. False
Which of the following terms refers to the use of EVERY pitch in the range of an octave? chromatic
In harmony, a place of rest and return is: the tonic
The number of vibrations per second is called: frequency
Which term describes a melody that moves by small intervals? conjunct
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is: timbre
Musical punctuation, similar to a comma or period in a sentence, is called: a cadence
The first accented beat of a measure is called a: downbeat
Polyphonic texture is two or more melodic lines or equal importance sounding at the same time
Which of the following does NOT make frequent use of pentatonic scales? Western art music
When two or more independent melodic lines are combines, the resulting texture is called: polyphony
In a major scale, the greatest tension lies between what two tones? 7 and 8
Active chords seek to resolve to resting chords, imparting a sense of direction or goal. True
In homorhythmic texture, the melody and harmony move with the same rhythm. True
With which era is chromatic music most frequently associated Romantic
A twelve-tone scale, including all the semitones of he octave, is called: chromatic
The term homophonic describes a single-voiced texture without accompaniment. False
The interweaving of the melodic lines, or the relationship of musical lines, within a work is called: texture
Which of the following terms does NOT refer to a musical scale? monophonic
According to the textbook, the most commonly heard texture today is likely to be: homophony
The smallest interval in the Western musical system is called: a half step
Most compositions use one type of texture exclusively. False
The process of passing from one key to another is known as: modulation
Which symbol represents the tonic chord> I
The art of counterpoint is most closely associated with monophonic texture. False
In Western music, the octave is divided into how many equal intervals? twelve
The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and hen restated in another is called: imitation
The musical symbol # represents a: sharp
In a major scale, between which pairs of tones do the half steps occur? 3 and 4, 7 and 8
Which symbol represents the dominant chord? V
Some traditional music of the Middle East and the Far East today is still monophonic. True
The predominant texture used in Western music until about one thousand years ago was: monophony
Chromatic music is most closely associated with the Classical era. False
A musical texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called: monophonic
The smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is called: a motive
Form in music refers to the overall plan for the organization of the music
The first note of the scale: all of the above
A combination of tones that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called: dissonance
Which of the following tempo markings does NOT indicate a slow tempo? allegro
The restatement of a musical idea at a higher or lower pitch is called: sequence
The word that indicates the music should get louder is decrescendo. False
The term a cappella refers to a choral music performed: without any accompaniment
A mechanism that generates musical vibrations and launches them into the air is called: an instrument
Most large musical ensembles need a conductor in order to perform together. True
The term pizzicato means to play in a throbbing manner. False
The highest-sounding member of the woodwind family is the: piccolo
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is: timbre
Which of the following voice types has the lowest range? bass
The pipe organ is a wind instrument, sounded by air. True
The style of a historical period is defined by: the total language of all its artists
The piano is limited by a narrow range of pitches and dynamics. False
Which of the following is true of all brass instruments? all of the above
The approximate dates for the Renaissance era are: 1450-1600
The human voice: possess lyric beauty and expressiveness that have been a model for instrument builders and players
Which of the following is the lowest member of the double-reed family? the contrabassoon
Which of the following brass instruments is sometimes played with the performer’s hand plugging the bell? French horn
The modern orchestra is typically made up of thirty to forty players. False
The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessing a brilliant timbre is the: trumpet
Which is the correct order of bowed string instruments from highest to lowest in range? Violin, viola, cello, double bass
Of the following, which describes the organ? all of the above
Which marking is appropriate for a slow tempo? Adagio
Woodwind instruments: all have holes in the pipe
A set of pipes on an organ that has the same “voice” is known as a rank
The term band refers to a: all of the above
In chamber music, a piano quintet is one piano plus a string quartet
The most common chamber music ensemble is the String Quartet
The standard brass quintet consists of 2 trumpets, horn, trombone, tuba
The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal lord and the state. False
The modes were the basis for European art music for less than one hundred years. False
The order of church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy. True
During the Middle Ages, which of the following was NOT a reason to seek shelter in a monastery or convent? search for an easy life
Which of the following does NOT characterize Gregorian chant? triadic harmonies
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called: syllabic
Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas. True
In addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen is known for: all of the above
Music notation was invented to further the goals of Christian worship. True
The core of music-making today s largely based on the traditions from: Europe
On which liturgical occasion(s) was Hildegard’s Alleliua, O virga mediatrix sung? feast days of the Virgin Mary
____is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church. Pope Gregory the Great
A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic. False
What event opened the doors between East and West? the Crusades
Some scholars argue that “song” was one of the earliest forms of speech. True
Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music? There is no harmony
The order of the church services and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy. True
Which of the following was NOT a role for secular music? assisting in religious services
Groups of wandering peasant class medieval secular musicians, mainly in France, were known as: Jongleurs
The Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei constitute what part of the Mass? the Ordinary
Minstrels were the medieval secular musicians who were considered to be the lowest order. False
Medieval carols grew out of the celebration of the “Midnight Mass” after Western Europe was converted by the Christian Church. False
What is the primary language of the Mass? Latin
Free organum was most often found in tropes
Troubadours, trouvères, and trobairitz were medieval poet-musicians. True
Minstrel means little servant
The term “Dark Ages” formerly referred to the time: between 500 and 1000 c.e.
Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music. False
In Early motets, the voice of the motet that contains the original Gregorian melody is: the Tenor
The Frankish emperor who encourages education and the concept of a centralized government was: Charlemagne
The Roman Catholic Mass for the Dead is Magnificat. False
When did organs begin to be used in Western European catholic churches? 10th Century AD
A “waytpipe” all of the above
Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called: neumes
Some carols predate Christianity. True
Only a few of the original Gregorian chant melodies still survive today. False
The special Mass sung at funerals and memorials in the Roman Catholic Church is: the Requiem
Surviving medieval music contains very specific instrumental indications. False
In creating organum, the added voice was most often called the duplum
Which type of medieval organ was the most portable? Portative
Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression. True
Josquin’s Ave Maria…virgo serena is an example of the: motet
The dominant composers of the early Renaissance came from: northern Europe
The syllables “fa la la” appeared in the refrains of secular music from ___ England
Which of the following best describes the character of Farmer’s Fair Phyllis? pastoral and light
The portion of the Mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated, is called: the Proper
Which of the following is NOT part of the Ordinary of the Mass? Alleluia
Religious belief became more personal during the Renaissance. True
Josquin did not use preexisting melodies in his sacred works. False
Which of the following best describes the texture of ideal Renaissance sacred music? imitative
Palestrina spent the bulk of his career in Rome. True
After the Protestant Reformation of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic Church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as: the Counter-Reformation
The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words. False
Unlike Italian madrigals, Fair Phyllis has no word painting. False
Josquin’s career centered exclusively in his native France. False
Why does the Renaissance music sound different from medieval music? all of the above
“Renaissance” means rebirth
A medieval “brass” instrument usually made from wood with finger holes is called: the cornetto
The term antiphonal implies more than one group of performers. True
England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form. True
Instrumental music was much more important than vocal music in the Renaissance. False
Like the Renaissance motet, the polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus. True
Although the invention of the printing press revolutionized the dissemation of the printed word, it was unadaptable to printing music. False
Popular tunes were never used in the Ordinary of the Mass during the Renaissance. False
An important philosophical outlook of the Renaissance was humanism
Which of the following could be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument? the sackbut
The greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was: Henry Purcell
The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called: an overture
Johann Sebastian Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on: the organ
The sacred cantata was an integral part of the: Lutheran church service
During his lifetime, Johann Sebastian Bach was known primarily as a great organist. True
George Frideric is considered a master of: the oratorio
Which of the following does NOT characterize the oratorio? elaborate scenery
“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion” from Messiah is an example of: a da carpo aria
The role of the chorus is especially important in the oratorio. True
Handel wrote his oratorio over a period of four years. False
Many operas during the Baroque were based on characters from Greek and Roman mythology. True
Which statement is true of Baroque Era cantatas? all of the above
An important composer of early operas was Monteverdi
A virtuoso is someone who is very skilled in performing
The earliest operas took their plots from: Greek mythology
A drama that is sung is called: an opera
Violin sonatas always have keyboard accompaniment. False
At its inception, opera took the world by storm and was seen by huge audiences all over Western Europe. False
What is the form of each individual movement in a suite? binary
Handel’s Water Music is best described as a: suite
The Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music. True
Which of the following was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos? Vivaldi
Vivaldi lived in Venice, where he taught music at a girls’ school. True
Antonio Vivaldi composed over two hundred concertos for solo violin. True
What is a toccata? an improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work
What is the principal element of a fugue? counterpoint
A fugue is a form intended exclusively for solo keyboard performance. False
Bach’s last demonstration of contrapuntal mastery was: The Art of Fugue
Baroque composers applied the concept of the suite to: all of the above
The typical solo concierto has ___ movements. three
Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi? The Four Seasons
The Four Seasons can be considered program music. False
Which of the following was NOT an important keyboard instrument during the Baroque? the piano
The___ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other. fugue
Which of the following is a set of forty-eight preludes and fugues by Bach? The Well-Tempered Clavier
In the field of keyboard music, Johann Sebastian Bach’s most important collection was: The Well-Tempered Clavier
Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments. False
The Baroque concerto is written for a solo instrument with a continuo accompaniment. False
What is the principal element of fugue? counterpoint
The keyboard instrument that uses various sets of pipes to create contrasting colors is: the organ
The three main keyboard instruments of the Baroque were the harpsichord, organ, and piano. False
In a fugue, the area of relaxation where the subject is not heard are called: episodes
A sonata is an instrumental piece in several movements for a soloist or a small ensemble
Handel’s Water Music Suite is so names because it was composed for a yachting trip King George I of England took down the river Thames
Handel, though German, had a great interest in writing Italian opera. True
The modern orchestra has its roots in the orchestra of the Baroque Era. True
The Baroque technique of placing numeral, indicating the harmony required, above or below the bass notes, is called: figured bass
Handel’s Royal Fireworks Music was performed without continuo interments when played outdoors. True
In The Art of Fugue, Bach includes musical reference to his own name. True
A chorale is a hymn tune associated with German Protestantism. True
The woodwind instruments of the baroque period are almost identical to modern instruments. False
The Royal Fireworks music was originally scored for wind band. True
The concerto grosso is a form relegated almost entirely to the Baroque era. True
An italian overture begins with a slow section followed by a section based on a dance rhythm. False
A passion is an oratorio on the final events of the life of Jesus Christ
The number of players needed to perform a Baroque basso continuo is: two
Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life, and had no children. False
Baroque trumpets were so primitive that no concertos were composed for them. False
Which of the following best describes absolute music? music without a story or text
Which of the following descriptions is most characteristic of a jazz performance? improvisation on reestablished harmonic patterns
Which of the following compositional techniques does theme and variation form often utilize? all of the above
Haydn’s String Quarter, Op. 76, No. 3 was nicknamed the Emperor because: The slow movement is based on a hymn written for Emperor Franz II.
Haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to___. England
The slow movement of a multi movement cycle is most frequently the third movement. False
How many movements are typical of pre-Classical symphonies? three
The patronage system failed to support Haydn, and he was fired to live by teaching and performing. False
The nickname “father of the symphony” was earned by: Haydn
Haydn composed the Military Symphony for his second visit to___. London
Which of the following terms describes a concordant or agreeable combination of tones? consonant
The earliest operas were generally based on stories from the bible. False
Like the Renaissance motet, the polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantos firms. True
Percussion Instruments were unknown in the Renaissance. False
C.P.E. Bach all of the above
In Bach’s Orchestral Suite No. 3, “Air” refers to a very melodic movement not related to a dance rhythm
The bass “brass” instrument in the Renaissance was the Serpent
A standard string quartet consists of: 2 violins, viola, and cello
The most important instrumental genre of the Classical period was: the symphony
The Renaissance represented, among other things, a rebirth of interest in and admiration of the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome
Performers often improvised during the Baroque Era. True
The Trumpet Concerto is Haydn’s only concerto False
Handel spent most of his adult life in Salzburg, Austria False
Carols were sung during Medieval times as part of celebrations that occurred throughout the year. True
An early composer of the polyphonic music was Pérotin
Which of the following is NOT a member of the brass family? English horn
The texts of the Proper of the Mass change regularly True
In a trio sonata, it was common for musicians to substitute a flute for one of the violin parts True
By the time of the Renaissance, some professional singers were being employed in the larger cathedrals True
An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris. True
The term “diatonic” describes melodies or harmonies that are: built from the notes of the major or minor scale
Much of what we know today about the instruments and performance practice of the Renaissance is due to the work of ___ who produced the Syntagma Musicum and compiled many dance tunes in the use during the period Michael Praetorius
It was through the musical innovations of the ___ that opera was born Florentine Camerata
In the eighteenth century, composers were viewed as equals to the highest level of society. False
During the Baroque era, some boy singers were castrated to preserve the high register of their voices, allowing them to sing high pitched operatic roles. True
The piano for its name, originally “pianoforte,” from: its ability to be played with some degree of dynamic contrast
The separate sections of a large musical work are called: movements
How many movements were typical of Early or Pre-Classical symphonies? three
The trumpet for which Haydn composed his Trumpet Concerto had keys
Which of these is not a characteristic of the music of the Classical era? terraced dynamics
Tempo refers to the speed of the beats
A pipe organ has one or more keyboards known as manuals
A troper is the medieval designation for a singer in the church false
All woodwind instruments have what in common? Different pitches achieved by opening and closing holes
Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent? using more instruments to embellish church music
The test of Ave Maria…virgo serena concerns: praise of the Virgin Mary
The dominant is an example of an active chord, which can douse tension in music until resolved. True
All musical cultures of the world divide the octave into twelve equal half steps false
Later in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to: the oratorio
One of the reasons for the success of the Renaissance motet was its free use of the vernacular languages false
In many world cultures, secular songs tend to be polyphonic false
In a fugue, the technique of stating the theme in faster rhythmic values is called: diminution
The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was a major focus for composers was the: Baroque
Music based on the seven tones of a major or minor scale is called: diatonic
A piano trio is an ensemble of three pianos False
Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular False
Vivaldi’s solo concertos typically are in four movements False
Handel’s Messiah is: an oratorio
Thematic development provides clarity, coherence, and logic to larger musical forms. True
Music is propelled forward in time by: rhythm
An oratorio is a dramatic, staged work with elaborate scenery and costumes False
The famous choral climax of Handel’s Messiah is: the “Hallelujah Chorus.”
Musical style is best defined as the: characteristic manner of presentation of a work
Chromatic music is most closely associated with the Classical era False

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