Music Flashcards

Music

Which meter would most likely be associated with a march? Duple
A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while accompanying voices are subordinate is called Homophony
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called: Syncopation
The resting place at the end of a phrase is called: Cadence
The first note of the scale is called the: Tonic
The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called: crescendo
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed: Without Accompaniment
Te instruments of the Western orchestra are categorized in four groups: strings, brass, percussion and woodwinds
Which tonality would most likely be chosen for a triumphal march? Major
The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by: Striking and Shaking
The patriotic song America “My country tis of thee” is an example of: Triple Meter
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument from another is Timbre
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale Five
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called polyphony
Which element of music is measured in decibles volume
Should a composer write a film score to a horror movie, one might reasonably expect that the harmony would include a great deal of: Dissonance
The first accented beat of a measure is called: A downbeat
How do idiophones produce sound? by shaking, scraping or striking the instrument itself
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called: a melody
Which brass instrument uses a large, movable U-shaped slide to change notes? trombone
The element that describes the musical fabric, or the relationship of musical lines within a work is called: texture
A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called: a chord
The distance between two pitches is called: an interval
The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessig a BRILLIANT timbre is the Trumpet
The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called: the range
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called: Word painting
A highly emotional song in an opera is called: an aria
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called: recitative
An end-blown flute with a breathy toe is called: Recorder
_______ is traditionally associated with collecting the chants of the church. Pope Gregory
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called: The Ordinary
Who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation Martin Luther
The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the Channson
Where was the first madrigal developed Italy
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services? Chansons
In Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called: Minnesingers
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called: Syllabic
What is a cantus firmus? A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.
What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music? Imitative
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument? shawm
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century? Madrigal
Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning: Soft or loud
Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent To use instruments to embellish church music
Which of the following does not characterize Gregorian chant? Triadic Harmonies
The early poolyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called: Motet
A drama that is sung is called: an Opera
The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are: soprano,alto, tenor, bass
Music is propelled forward in time by: rhythm
Te degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called: dynamics
The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as: improvisation
Woodwind instruments: all have a pipe with holes
Instruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called: aerophones
What quality of a work of art refers to it structure or shape? Form
Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called: meters
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its: tempo
Of the following, which is a pitched percussing instrument xylophone
A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be neumatic
Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music? Hildegard of Bingen
The earliest type of polyphony was: Organum
Which of the following was Not subject reflected in the poems of troubadours and trouvere? The rebirth of classical learning
The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is the: sakbut
The earliest operas took their plots from: Greek Mythology
Of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood? Trumpet
Palestrina’s career centered Rome
An attempt was made to purify Catholic church music as a result of the deliberations of the Council of Trent.
The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the motet and Mass
This is not a characteristic of the Renaissance Ballet mostly polyphonic texture
A madrigal, like a motet, is a vocal composition that combines homophonic and polyphonic textures, but it differs from the motet in that it uses vernacular rather than Latin text and more often uses word painting and unusual harmonies.

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