Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years 1820-1900
Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism? An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than nature
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as exoticism
Program music is instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as nationalism
Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by a) using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands.b) using their national legends as subject matter.c) basing their music on the folk songs of their country.d) All answers are correct X
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians 100
Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period? The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period
Because of the French Revolution and the __________________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and “composers in residence”. Napoleonic Wars
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was Ludwig van Beethoven
A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was Franz Liszt
The rise of the urban middle class led to the a) piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home.b) formation of many orchestras and opera groups.c) development of regular subscription concerts.d) All answers are correct. x
When music conservatories were founded, women were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition
A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the piano
An art song is a musical composition for solo voice and piano
The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text lied
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Heinrich Heine
Schubert’s primary source of income came from his musical compositions
Schubert was the first great master of the romantic art song
Schubert was eighteen years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of death
The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the galloping horse
Clara Wieck was a) the daughter of Schumann’s piano teacher.b) a virtuoso pianist.c) Schumann’s wife.d) All answers are correct. x
Clara Schumann was a a) virtuoso pianist.b) composer.c) touring performer.d) All of the above are correct. x
In the 1830s, Paris was a) a center of romanticism. b) the artistic capital of Europe. c) the home of Victor Hugo, Honoré de Balzac, and Heinrich Heine. d) All answers are correct. x
Most of Chopin’s pieces are exquisite miniatures
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the nocturne
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as an etude
Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso pianist
Liszt’s piano works are characterized by a) an unprecedented range of dynamics.b) rapid octaves and daring leaps.c) arpeggios.d) All answers are correct. x
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he a) had a charismatic personality.b) was a stupendous performer.c) was an innovative composer.d) All answers are correct. x
Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea symphonic poem
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach
The three movements of Mendelssohn’s Concerto for Violin are played without pause
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called program music
Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music absolute
A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea symphonic poem
Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as incidental music
Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its a) sensationally autobiographical program.b) amazingly novel orchestration.c) vivid description of the weird and diabolical.d) All answers are correct. x
Outside France, Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n) conductor
Berlioz was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ____________ never before heard tone colors
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the idée fixe
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the Moldau
Dvořák “found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school” in African American spirituals
Antonin Dvořák’s Symphony No. 9 a) is his most famous work.b) is subtitled From the New World.c) glorifies both the Czech and the American folk spirit.d) All answers are correct. x
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi’s operas because they seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love
Giuseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas to entertain a mass public
Wagner’s preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in _________________, solely for performances of his music dramas Bayreuth, Germany
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called leitmotif