Timber is synonymous with Tone color
Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called Dynamics
A series of single tones which add up to a recognizable whole is called a Melody
A resting place at the end of a phrase is called a cadence
A part of a melody is called a phrase
A combination of three or more tones sounded at the same time is called a chord
Harmony refers to the way chords are constructed and how they follow each other
______ in music adds support, septh, and richness to a melody harmony
A combination of tones that is considered unstable and tense is called dissonance
A combination of tones that is considered stable and restful is called a consonance
Key refers to a central tone, scale, and chord
Musical texture refers to all
when there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is homophonic
The texture of a single melodic line without accompaniment is monophonic
When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is polyphonic
Three-part form can be represented as ABA; ABA’; Statement, contrast, return (all)
The organization of musical ideas in time is called form
Which of the following is not true of gregorian chant? It is usually polyphonic in texture
The intellectual movement called humanism focused on human life and its accomplishments
Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass Ave Maria
The word baroque has at various times meant all of the following eleborately ornamented, flamboyant, bizarre (not nauralistic)
Baroque style flourished in music during the period 1600-1750
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the __________ period late baroque
Affection in baroque usage refers to emotional states or moods of music
A baroque composition usually expressed _________ within the same movement one basic mood
Terraced synamics refers to the sudden alternation from one dynamic level to another
The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ the harpsichord
The word movement in music normally refers to pice that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of larger composition.
The position of the composer during the baroqe period was that of a high-class servant with few personal rights
the concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are fast, slow, fast
The first and last movements of the concerto grosso are often in _______ form ritornello
The main theme of a fugue is called the subject
An ________ is a play, set to musc, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action. opera
_____ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech recitative
The Vivaldi concerto usually has _______ movements three
While at Leipzig, Bach taught organ and composition, gave recitals and was often asked to juge the construction of organs. was responsible for the musical education of some 55 students in the St. Thomas schoolRehearsed, conducted, and usually composed an extended work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra for each Sunday and holiday of the church year
Sets of dance inspired instrumental movements are called suites
A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment is the Cantata
In their use of aria, duet, and recitative, Bach’s cantatas closely resembled the ____ of the time operas
Oratorio differs from opera in that it has no acting, scenery, or costumes
symphony is a sonata for an orchestra
Chamber music is characterized by being worth playing only in intimate chambers
A string quartet is a musical composition for 2 violins, viola, cello
Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years 1750-1820
The minuet is generally the _____ movement of a classical symphony third
The classical concerto is a large scale work in three movements for solo instrument and orchestra
A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for piano