Music Flashcards

Music 114 Assignments (III)

Liszt’s piano works are characterized by- an unprecedented range of dynamics.- rapid octaves and daring leaps.- arpeggios.- All answers are correct. – all are correct
Which of the following statements is not true?- In the 1830s Paris was a center of romanticism and the artistic capital of Europe.- Chopin was a shy, reserved man who disliked crowds and preferred to play in salons rather than in public concert halls.- Many of Chopin’s most poetic effects come from the sensitive exploitation of the piano’s pedals.- Chopin’s piano études, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value. — Chopin’s piano études, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value.
Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist’s left hand because- the left hand must play rapid passages throughout.- it is played only by the left hand.- it takes nearly an hour to perform.- the left hand plays the main melody. – the left hand must play rapid passages throughout
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as – an etude
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the – a nocturne
Clara Wieck was- the daughter of Schumann’s piano teacher.- a virtuoso pianist.- Schumann’s wife.- All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
Which of the following is not true of Robert Schumann’s works?- They are intensely autobiographical.- They are usually linked with descriptive titles, texts, or programs.- They are frequently lyrical in nature.- They are all written for the piano. – they are all written for the piano
The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the – galloping of the horse
The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of – death
The form of The Erlking is – through-composed
Schubert was eighteen years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
Schubert’s songs number more than – 600
Which of the following statements is not true?- Franz Schubert led a bohemian existence, living with friends because he had no money to rent a room of his own.- Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.- At the time of his death, Schubert’s reputation was mainly that of a fine song composer.- In addition to symphonies, operas, string quartets and other chamber works, Schubert composed over six hundred songs. – Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.
Schubert- was widely acknowledged as a composer in his lifetime.- was very self-critical, which accounts for his meager output.- produced his greatest works after the age of forty.- was the first great master of the romantic art song. – was the first great master of the romantic period
Schubert’s primary source of income came from his – musical compositions
Which of the following forms was not used in composing art songs?- Strophic- Modified-strophic.- Through-composed.- Concerto – modified strophic
When the same music is repeated for two or more stanzas of a poem, leading to new music for other stanzas, the form is known as – modified strophic
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a – postlude
Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song?- The art song is restricted to strophic form.- A song cycle is a set of romantic art songs that may be unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs.- Through-composed, a translation of the German term durchkomponiert, is a song form that allows music to reflect a poem’s changing moods.- The accompaniment of a romantic art song is an integral part of the composer’s conception, and it serves as an interpretive partner to the voice. – the art song is restricted to strophic form
The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text. – leid
An art song is a musical composition for – solo voice and piano
A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the – piano
The rise of the urban middle class led to the- piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home.- formation of many orchestras and opera groups.- development of regular subscription concerts.- All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was – beethoven
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as – rubato
Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period?- A cast-iron frame was introduced to hold the strings under greater tension.- The use of the damper pedal allowed a sonorous blend of tones from all registers of the piano.- The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period.- The piano’s hammers were covered with felt. – The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period.
The orchestra in the romantic period- was basically the same as in the classical period.- ranged from twenty to sixty players.- was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.- had a limited dynamic range due to the primitive nature of the brass instruments. – was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians. – 100
Which of the following statements is not true?- Romantic music puts unprecedented emphasis on self-expression and individuality of style.- Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.- Romantic composers relied upon a more prominent use of chromatic harmony, or the use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale.- A romantic composition tends to have a wide variety of keys and rapid modulations. – Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.
Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years – 1820-1900
nstrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called- absolute music.- opera.- program music.- symphony. – program music
The work referred to by Beethoven as an “expression of feeling rather than painting” was his- Symphony No. 5.- Fidelio Overture.- Eroica Symphony.- Pastoral Symphony (No. 6.) -Pastoral Symphony (No. 6.)
Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music. – absolute
A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. program symphony
A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. symphonic poem
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was litzet
The writer whose works had the greatest impact on the young Berlioz was shakespeare
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s love for the actress Harriet smithson
Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its all answers are correct
Which of the following statements is not true? Berlioz’s reputation outside France was even lower than it was in his homeland.
Outside France, Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n) conductor
Berlioz was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ____________ never before heard. tone colors
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the idee fixe
Which of the following instruments is not part of the orchestra for Symphonie fantastique? organ
The fourth movement of Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony depicts a march to the scaffold
The founder of Czech national music was smetana
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the moldau
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as nationalism
Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by all answers are correct
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi’s operas because they seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love.
Giuseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas to entertain a mass public
The soul of a Verdi opera is expressive vocal melody
Verdi’s later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have all answers are correct
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as verismo
The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by puccini
Giacomo Puccini’s opera La Bohème takes place in paris
In Puccini’s La Bohème, Rodolfo is a young poet
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a light of her candle
Who sings the aria Che gelida manina (What a cold little hand) in La Bohème? rodolfo
In music, the early twentieth century was a time of- revolt and change.- the continuation of old forms.- stagnation.- disinterest. – revolt and change
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of- Arnold Schoenberg’s Gurrelieder.- Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.- Richard Wagner’s Siegfried.- Igor Stravinsky’s Les Noces. – igor stravinskys the rite of spring
Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from- folk and popular music from all cultures.- the music of Asia and Africa.- European art music from the Middle Ages through the nineteenth century.- All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
Twentieth-century composers incorporated elements of folk and popular music within their personal styles because- it made their music more commercially viable.- they were attracted to the unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns.- it simplified technical problems of musical composition.- All answers are correct. – they were attracted to the unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns.
In twentieth-century music- string players are sometimes called on to use the wood instead of the hair on their bows.- percussion instruments have become very prominent and numerous.- dissonance has been emancipated.- All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
In modern music instruments are played at the very top or bottom of their ranges. uncommon playing techniques have become normal. noiselike and percussive sounds are often used. All answers are correct. – all answers
A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to “sing” a beautiful melody. play important cadenzas in slow movements. provide a nucleus for the orchestra similar to the baroque basso continuo. add a percussive edge. – add a percussive edge
Which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers? Bitonality Tonic-dominant harmonies Atonality Polytonality – tonic dominant harmonies
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as polytonality. bitonality. a tone cluster. a polychord. – a polychord
A chord made of tones only a half step or a whole step apart is known as polytonality. a polychord. bitonality. a tone cluster. – a tone cluster
To create fresh sounds, twentieth-century composers used scales borrowed from nonwestern cultures. scales they themselves invented. ancient church modes. All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called expanded tonality. polytonality. atonality. twelve-tone. – polytonality
The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as polytonality. ostinato. a tone cluster. atonality. – atonality
The use of two or more contrasting and independent rhythms at the same time is known as polyrhythm. jazz. polytonality. ostinato. – polyrhythm
Ostinato refers to a rapid slide through different pitches. chord made of tones only a half step or whole step apart. combination of two traditional chords sounding together. motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section. – motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section
Stravinsky’s life took a sudden turn in 1909, when he met the director of the Russian Ballet, Michel Fokine. Sergei Diaghilev. Vaclav Nijinsky. George Balanchine. – sergei diaghilev
Sergei Diaghilev was a famous writer. composer. ballet impresario. pianist. – ballet impresario
The famous riot in 1913 was caused by the first performance of Stravinsky’s ballet Pulcinella. The Rite of Spring. The Fairy’s Kiss. Agon. – the rite of spring
Stravinsky’s enormous influence on twentieth-century music is due to his innovations in rhythm. harmony. tone color. All answers are correct. – all answers
The deliberate evocation of primitive power through insistent rhythms and percussive sounds is known as ostinato. Africanism. barbarism. primitivism. – primitivism
Le Sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) is an example of neoclassicism. primitivism. serialism. romanticism. – primitivism
Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring is scored for a small chamber group. vocal soloists and orchestra. an enormous orchestra. a wind ensemble. – an enormous orchestra
Aaron Copland’s name has become synonymous with American music because of his use of revival hymns, cowboy songs, and other folk tunes. jazz, blues, and ragtime elements. subjects from American folklore. All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
In addition to his compositions, Copland made valuable contributions to music in America by directing composer’s groups. writing books and magazine articles. organizing concerts of American music. All answers are correct. – all answers are correct
Appalachian Spring originated as a program symphony. song cycle. chamber opera. ballet score. – ballet score
Appalachian Spring originated as a ballet score for the great modern dancer and choreographer George Balanchine. Martha Graham. Vaclav Nijinsky. Agnes De Mille. – martha graham
Copland depicted “Scenes of daily activity for the Bride and her Farmer-husband” in Appalachian Spring through five variations on the Shaker melody Simple Gifts. intensely dissonant passages and humorous offbeat accents. strings softly singing a hymnlike melody. a joyful dance tune that is American in flavor. – five variations on the shaker melody simple gifts
In chance, or aleatory music, the composer takes a chance on which performers will perform the work. chooses pitches, tone colors, and rhythms by random methods. writes music that is considered impossible to perform. writes the music in a traditional manner, but allows the recording engineer to make electronic changes. – chooses pitches, tone colors, and rhythms by random methods
Which of the following characteristics is not true of minimalist music? A fast rate of change A clear tonality A constant repetition of melodic and rhythmic patterns A steady, driving pulse – a fast rate of change
Minimalist music is characterized by the development of musical materials through random methods. rapidly changing dynamics and textures. a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent repetition of short melodic patterns. the use of twelve-tone techniques to organize the dimensions of music. – a steady pulse, clear tonality, and insistent reputation of short melodic patterns
Since 1950 many composers have returned to tonal music. Polynesian music. electronic music. rhythmless music. – tonal music
Around 1940, John Cage invented the prepared piano, a(n) electronic keyboard capable of producing many percussive sounds. grand piano complete with flowers, candelabra, and elaborate decorations. grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as bolts, screws, rubber bands, pieces of felt, paper, and plastic inserted between the strings of some of the keys. ensemble of percussion instruments. – grand piano whose sound is altered by objects such as bolts…..
Ellen Taffee Zwilich’s Concerto Grosso 1985 is an example of total serialism. quotation music. minimalism. chance music. – quotation music
John Adams’s Short Ride in a Fast Machine is scored for a prepared piano. mezzo-soprano, boy soprano, oboe, mandolin, harp, percussion, and electric piano. sound engineer, a female vocalist, five instrumentalists, and a violin soloist. large symphonic orchestra and two synthesizers. – large symphonic orchestra and two synthesizers
Which of the following is not a source of the American musical? The revue The minstrel show Operetta Vaudeville – the minstrel show
Leonard Bernstein was a well-knowncomposer of orchestral and vocal works. author-lecturer. conductor. All answers are correct. – all of the above
In addition to his famous musicals, Leonard Bernstein also wrote successful – all of the above
Leonard Bernstein was influenced, particularly in his ballets, by – stravinsky and copland
The musical loosely based on Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is – west side story
In West Side Story, the two star-crossed lovers are – tony and maria
West Side Story contains – an unprecedented fusion of song and drama with electrifying violent choreography.
The lyrics for West Side Story were written by -Jerome Robbins.
In West Side Story the song “America” is given a Hispanic flavor with the use of alternations between -6/8 and 3/4 meter.
The Latin atmosphere heard in “America” from West Side Story is achieved through the use of such South American instruments as -claves, guiro, and guitar.
The dramatic importance of dance throughout West Side Story is illustrated through Bernstein’s frequent use of -instrumental interludes intended only for dancing.
A _________ is a type of theater that fuses a dramatic script, acting, and spoken dialogue with music, singing, and dancing. – musical comedy
The Latin atmosphere heard in “America” from West Side Story is achieved through the use of such South American instruments as
although jazz began in bars and brothels it is now considered what? – an american art form

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *