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Music Flashcards

Music 101 Test 1

A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called A melody
The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called The range
The distance between two pitches is called An interval
What term describes a melody that moves by small intervals Conjunct
The resting place at the end of a phrase is called A cadence
One melody added to, or played against another melody is called Countermelody
The basic unit of rhythm that divides time into equal segments is called The beat
Beats that are more strongly emphasized than others are said to be Accented
Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called Meters
Meters are marked off in groupings known as Measures
Which meter would most likely be associated with a march duple
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called syncopation
The distance and relationship between two tones is referred to as: an interval
A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called a chord
A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order is called a scale
A group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, is called a key
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale five
A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called monophony
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called polyphony
A simple and familiar type of canon is called a round
The basic structural concepts in the element of form are reception and contrast
The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as improvisation
The smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit is called a motive
The separate sections of a large musical work are called movements
The rate of speed at which the speed of music is played tempo
In what language are tempo markings generally given Italian
The degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called dynamics
The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called crescendo
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is timbre
Instruments that produce sound from a vibrating string are called chordophones

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