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Music Flashcards

Music 1

the word baroque does not mean naturalistic
modern historians use the term baroque to indicate a particular style in the arts
the baroque style flourished during the period 1600-1750
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and johann sebastian bach
early baroque was characterized by homophonic texture
Claudio Monteverdi, an early baroque composer, strove to create music that was passionate and dramatic
the middle baroque period was classified by a diffusion of the style into every corner of europe
Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing composition for instruments of what family violin
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in what period late baroque
Affections in baroque usage refers to emotional states or moods of music
A baroque composition usually expresses what within the same movement. one basic mood
The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by repeated rhythmic patterns
terraced dynamics refers to a sudden alteration from one dynamic level to another
The primary keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the harpsichord
frederick the great, king of prussia was a flutist, general and composer
The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of high class servant with few personal rights.
in italy music schools were often associated with orphanages
gregorian chant is monophonic in texture
a madrigal, like a motet, is a vocal composition that combines homophonic and polyphonic textures; but it differs from the motet in that it uses a vernacular rather than a latin text, and more often uses word painting than unusual harmonies.
the renaissance period drew on the years from 1450-1600
This composer was the abbess of Rupertsberg, Germany. She wrote a musical drama ordo virtutum. She was the first woman composer from whom a large number of works; monophonic sacred songs have survived. Hildegard of Bingen
this composer was born in france and became famous as both a musician and a poet. he traveled to many courts and presented beautifully decorated copies of his music and poetry to noble patrons Guillaume de Machaut
pope gregory the great reorganized the liturgy of the catholic church during his reign
Which two composers bridge the gap from the renaissance to the baroque Gavrielli and Monteverde
Hildengard of Bingen was the first woman composer to leave a large number of works that have survived, abbess of the convent at rupertsberg, a visionary and mystic active in religious and diplomatic affairs
an estampie is a medieval dance
medieval music that consists of gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines is called organum

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