Musical Texture, Form, and Style
Musical texture refers to -how many different layers of sound are heard at the same time.-what kind of layers of sound are heard (melody or harmony).-how layers of sound are related to each other
When a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called imitation
When there is one main melody accompanied by chords, the texture is homophonic
Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice is described as playing or singing in unison
The technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole is called counterpoint
When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is polyphonic
Contrapuntal texture is sometimes used in place of the term polyphonic texture
Retaining some features of a musical idea while changing others is called variation
Three-part form can be represented as A B AA B A’statement, contrast, return
The organization of musical ideas in time is called form
Repetition is a technique widely used in music because it -creates a sense of unity-provides a feeling of balance and symmetry-helps engrave a melody in the memory
The form consisting of a musical statement followed by a counter statement would be called binary
Changes in the musical style from one historical period to the next are usually continuous
Performing Media: Voices and Instruments
The lowest instrument in the orchestra is the Contrabassoon
A part of an instrument’s total range is called a register
The strings of a violin are tuned by tightening or loosening the pegs
The bow that string players usually use to produce sound on their instruments is a slightly curved stick strung tightly with horsehair
The highest woodwind instrument in the orchestra is the piccolo
Symphonic bands differ from symphonic orchestras in that they do not contain a string section
Woodwind instruments are so named because they were originally made of wood
The range of the singer’s voice depends on training and physical makeup
It is difficult to sing well because ________ than in speaking. -singing demands a greater supply and control of breath-wider ranges of pitch and volume are used-vowel sounds are held longer