Music Flashcards

ch.3 harmony

—- describes the vertical aspects of music: how notes (pitches) sound together. Harmony
A —- is the simultaneous sounding of three or more pitches; chords are built from a particular —-, or sequence of pitches. chord scale
The most common chord in Western music is a —-, three alternate pitches of a scale. triad
Most Western music is based on — or —- scales, from which melody and harmony are derived. major minor
The —is the central pitch around which a melody and its harmonies are built; this principle of organization is called —–. tonic tonality
—– is created by an unstable, or discordant, combination of pitches. Dissonance
—- occurs with a resolution of dissonance, producing a stable or restful sound. Consonance
Not all musics of the world rely on —-, but it is central to most Western styles. harmony
—- determines the relationships of intervals and chords Harmony
the distance between any two notes intervals
—- can occur successively or simultaneously intervals
When three or more notes are sounded together, a — is produced. chord
The intervals from which chords and melodies are built are chosen from a particular collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order known as a —-. scale
An interval spanning eight notes is called an —-. octave
The most common chord in Western music, a particular combination of three pitches, is known as a —- triad
You can see at a glance how —- is the horizontal aspect of music, while harmony, comprising blocks of notes (the chords), constitutes the vertical melody harmony
In most Western music, the first note of the scale, do, is considered the —and serves as a home base around which the others revolve and to which they ultimately gravitate. tonic
The principle of organization around a central note, the tonic, is called —-. tonality
The scale chosen as the basis of a piece determines the identity of the —- and the — of the piece. tonic key
Two different types of scales predominate in Western music written between about 1650 and 1900: —- and —- major minor
Each — has a distinct sound because of its unique combination of intervals scale
In many Asian cultures, harmony is relatively simple, consisting of a single sustained pitch, called a —–, against which melodic and rhythmic complexities unfold drone

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