Music Flashcards

Classical Period

We can say that the harmony in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it features: Chord accompaniment and clear, strong cadences (6:40)
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as: Homophonic (6:40)
The mostly homophonic texture of the following excerpt indicates that it comes from the Classical period. False (3:26)
Suppose you are listening to the first movement of a symphony written in the Classical period. You have heard the first section, in which two themes were introduced, and a second section, in which segments of those themes were expanded and developed. What would you expect next? A varied repeat of the first section with a return of the two original themes
The rhythm of the following example suggests that the piece was composed during the Classical period. The rhythm may be described as having a: Clear pulse and meter with regular, dance-like rhythms
Beethoven is sometimes referred to as “The Father of the Symphony.” False
This is an example of a new style of opera called opera buffa that emerged during the Classical period. It differed from opera in previous periods because… Stories were based on “real people,” and the music was light and humorous. (5:45)
The following excerpt comes from a famous aria in one of Mozart’s most enduring operas. Identify the opera in question. Don Giovanni (5:45)
Listen to the following example and select the genre that best defines it: Symphony (7:41)
Which genre is represented by this example? Concerto (1:13/6:40)
The following excerpt comes from a famous aria in one of Mozart’s most enduring operas. Identify the opera in question. The Magic Flute
From the Classical period onwards, sonata-allegro form was replaced by other forms as the basis for most instrumental music. False
The following example from the Classical Period may be classified as: Sonata or Concerto
Which classical genre is represented by this sample? Chamber music
Which of the following composers wrote this symphony? Ludwig Van Beethoven
Music Flashcards

Lesson 2 Quiz

Three or more notes sounding together Chord
A pitch that doesn’t quite fit in the traditional 12-note scale Blue note
Several different rhythms sounding at the same time Polyrhythm
A single repetition of the chord progression used to organize music in an improvisation Chorus
A 12-bar blues chorus normally consists of what formal scheme A A B
There is general consensus that jazz is characterized by three essential features. These three essential features are: Importation, swing feeling and bluesy flavor
The musical language of _____ is characterized by the fundamental harmonic relationship between tonic and dominant. Tonality
An accent on an unexpected part of the measure, that strengthens weak beats and undermines the strong ones produces: Syncopation
A blue note is produced by: Pitch bending
A chord in which each note is separated from the next by a third is known as a: Triad
Music Flashcards

MASC 151 Global Communications Quiz 4

T/F An Iranian woman was recently executed for killingher alleged rapist in self‑defense. True.
The UNESCO Convention on the Protection andPromotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressionswas adopted in October of which year? 2005
Euronews is widely knows as Europe’s answer to what network? CNN
T/F: Legal and illegal downloading is a major concern ofthe music industry. True.
English is the dominant language in the musicindustry with what notable exception? Spanish.
T/F: Barely a generation ago, Europeans only had accessto one or two state‑funded radio and televisionchannels. True.
T/f: Some of the most famous reporters and anchors inEurope come from Euronews. False.
MTV’s broad range of global viewers and listenersand the influence MTV has on them is called :a) Electronic Colonialismb) MTV World Widec) Imperialistic Programmingd) Global scale conformism a) Electronic Colonialism.
T/F: CNN has lost its market share to an unabashedright of center FOX News True.
T/F: Dilma Rousseff was running for reelection aspresident of Mexico this year. False.
T/F: Sundar Pichai was recently elected prime ministerof India. False.
Pressure created by the CNN Effect forced US andBritish Administrations to respond to whichinternational conflict? Somalia Crisis.
Define: Public Sphere. a hypothetical areabetween the private realm of the family and therealm of the state, which is very influential in Europeanmedia studies.
Television without Frontiers was replaced with whatdirective in 2007? Audiovisual Media Services.
What is the ultimate point of GATS? Liberalisatino of Trade Standards.
CNN changed the global format to:a) Late breaking newsb) 24 hour news broadcastingc) Global interest storiesd) Foreign government coups B. 24 hour news.
Because of CNN’s success in the niche market ofnews broadcasting they are bound to be followedby imitators. What are three main imitators? Fox News, BBC America, MSNBC.
T/F: Most foreign nations, with significantly smalleraudience bases, are unable to compete with theexpensive high‑quality production values of the USdramatic television programming. True.
T/f: CNN can force governments into damage controlmode when it reports such stories as Abu Ghraiband violations at Guantanamo Bay. True.
What is The United Kingdom’s major broadcasting network,who has been covering global events for decades? British Broadcasting Corporation, or BBC.
Music Flashcards

Materials of Music

How many notes in a scale does and octave span? eight
What is most likely to be played by a rock musician? solid-bodied electric guitar
The music symbol # represents a: sharp
A texture in which a single voice take over the melodic interest while the accompanying voice are subordinate is called: homophony
An interval of eight notes is called: an octave
The depth resulting from simultaneous events in music is described by the term: harmony
Music is propelled forward in time by: rhythm
The basic unit of rhythm that divides time into equal segments is called: the beat
The special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking the string with the finger is called: pizzicato
Which is the correct oder of bowed string instruments from the highest to lowest in range? violin, viola, cello, double bass
A collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order is called: scale
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called: melody
Organized patterns of rhythmic pulses are called: meters
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called: polyphony
The separate sections of a large musical work are called: movements
A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called: chord
A fairly large body of singers who perform together is called an: chorus
Approximately two-thirds of a symphony orchestra consists of: strings
The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called the: range
The term band refers to: rock groups, jazz groups, and marching ensembles
Which of the following is NOT a property of a musical sound? texture
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument or voice from another is: timbre
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called: syncopation
Which marking is appropriate for a slow tempo? adagio
The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called: crescendo
A mechanism that generates musical vibrations and launches them into the air is called: an instrument
In what language are the tempo marking generally given? Italian
The standard ranges of the human voice from the highest to lowest are: soprano, alto, tenor, bass
Which of the following best describes binary form? A-B
The basic structural concepts in the elements of from are: repetition and contrast
The term “a cappella” refers to choral music performed: without any accompaniment
What quality of a work of art describes its structure or shape? form
A texture consisting of a single, unaccompanied line is called: monophony
The process of passing from one key to another is known as: modulation
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its: tempo
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale? five
Chords whose notes are played in succession, as on the harp, are called: arpeggios
The interweaving of the melodic lines, or the relationship of musical lines, within a work is called: texture
Which term describes a melody that moves by small intervals? conjunct
A musical sound is represented by a symbol called an: note
Music Flashcards

Connect: Computer Chapter 7

This allows you to upload and store documents on the Internet. cloud storage
t/fIf you have used Google Docs to create a word processing document, you have used cloud computing. True
t/fThe process of saving information to a secondary storage device is referred to as embedding. false
Which of the following is not an example of secondary storage?RAMflash drivesexternal hard drivesRAID RAM
Which of the following measures the amount of time required by the storage device to retrieve data and programs?capacityRAMAccess speed nonvolatile media access speed
t/fFile servers are appropriate devices to use in an enterprise storage system true
Which of the following characteristics about RAID is incorrect?highly reliableone high-capacity hard disk drivefast access speedexpanded storage capability one high-capacity hard disk drive
t/fDisk caching uses a combination of hardware and software true
t/fHard disks use tracks, sectors, and cylinders to store and organize files true
t/fMedia are the actual physical material that holds the data and programs true
t/fA hard crash typically occurs on an optical disc when it makes contact with particles on its surface. false
The process of accessing information from secondary storage devices is referred to as _______. reading
Which of these is not a mass storage device?organizational cloud storageRAID systemfile serveroptical disc optical disc
Smartphones use which of these storage technologies? flash memory card
t/fCD-ROMs are often used to archive data and to record music downloaded from the Internet false
t/fBlu-ray discs are designed for high definition and have a far greater capacity than DVDs. true
t/fExternal hard drives are used primarily to complement an internal hard disk. true
What is it called when servers on the Internet supply applications as a service, rather than a product? cloud computing
This process improves system performance by acting as a temporary high-speed holding area between a secondary storage device and the CPU disk caching
t/fRAID connects several inexpensive hard-disk drives to one another. true
t/fExternal hard disks use different technology than internal hard disks false
A CD-RW disc _______ can be erased and rewritten
t/fMass storage devices are specialized high-capacity secondary storage devices designed to store large amounts of data for an organization. true
t/fDisk caching improves hard-disk performance by compressing files. false
The _______ of a secondary storage device indicates how much data the storage medium can hold capacity
On a hard disk each track is divided into invisible wedge-shaped sections called _______. sectors
t/fA smoke particle, fingerprint, dust, or human hair could cause a hard disk head crash true
An external hard disk _______. usually connects to a USB or Thunderbolt port
t/fFile compression is only available on hard-disk drives false
t/fDVDs have replaced CDs as the standard optical disc true
Hard disks store and organize files using all of the following, except _______. paths
these discs have a capacity of 50 gigabytes on one side Blu-Ray
One way to improve the storage capacity of a hard disk is to _______. use file compression
The large capacity, high-definition optical discs designed to store hi-def video and video games are _______. Blu-ray
Three ways to improve the performance of a hard disk include _______. disk caching, RAID, and file compression
Which of these is not an example of solid state storage?USB drivesflash memory cardsdigital versatile discSSDs digital versatile disc
which of the following is true about an internal hard disk? often stores the operating system
t/fIn order to access your documents and files that are stored in the cloud, you must have an Internet connection. true
t/fFacebook is an example of cloud storage. false
The hard disk’s surface is scratched and some or all of the data is destroyed when there is a _______. head crash
All of the following are true of DVD-ROM drives except: they are also known as erasable optical discs
t/fSecondary storage provides temporary or volatile storage fasle
Solid-state storage devices are different than hard disks in that they _______. have no moving parts
Storage that retains its data after the power is turned off is referred to as _______ nonvolatile storage
Optical discs use these to represent data pits and lands
Music Flashcards

Chapter 60. Also American: Revueltas and Mexican Musical Modernism

Which of the following describe Revueltas’s Homage to Federico García Lorca? dissonant harmonysyncopated rhythmpolyphonic
From which region of Mexico does the mariachi ensemble originate? gaudalajara
The orchestration in Revueltas’s Son emulates the sound of: mexican merechi ensemble
The rhythm of Revueltas’s Homage to Federico García Lorca is characteristic of: mexiacan menzeto dance music
By the late nineteenth century, the goal of creating nationally distinctive style in Mexico lured musicians and artists alike to Amerindian and mestizo cultures.
The third movement, Son, from Homenaje a Federico García Lorca, is based on a traditional dance form. true
The mariachi ensemble originated in Spain. false
Mexican __________ are characterized by shifting between simple triple and compound meter. sones
With his Homage to Federico García Lorca, Revueltas blends the traditions of Mexican vernacular music and European modernist music.
Revueltas incorporated folkloric rhythms in his music. true
Revueltas’s Homenaje is for a chamber ensemble with piano, winds, strings, and percussion. true
Silvestre Revueltas represented a movement that drew on the popular culture of contemporary _________. mexico
The man that Revueltas honored in Homenaje was a: spanish poet killed by the fascists
Which of the following describe mariachi music? verse/chorus structureshifting metersstrong accents
Which of the following are characteristics of mariachi music? syncopated rhythmstrumpets and violins, playing in thirds
Revueltas is considered a representative of “mestizo ________ .” realism
Which of the following were considered Mexican nationalists? Carlos ChávezDiego RiveraJosé Orozco
Today in Mexico, ______________, or people of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry are the majority. mestizos
Strong feelings of patriotism arose in Mexico after the Revolution in 1910 true
A guitarrón is a: large bass gutair
Music Flashcards

gant music 200 quiz 11

which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by 20th century composers? tonic-dominant harmonies
the most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the performance of Igor Stravinsky’s the rite of spring
Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from all answers
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called ______. polytonality
All of the following composers worked in the early years of the twentieth century except ______. hector Berlioz
The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as ______. atonality
in modern music all answers
A chord made of tones only a half step or a whole step apart is known as ______. a tone cluster
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as ______. a polychord
A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to ______. a percussive edge
A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land was ______. bela botark
In music, the early twentieth century was a time of ______. revolt and change
The glissando, a technique widely used in the twentieth century, is ______. a rapid slide up or down scale
A fourth chord is ______. a chord in which the tones are a fourth apart, instead of a third
The use of two or more contrasting and independent rhythms at the same time is known as ______. polyrhythm
To create fresh sounds, twentieth-century composers used ______. all answers
To what does ostinato refer? a motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.
Which of the following statements is not true? composers in the early 20th century drew inspiration only form serious art music and their own intellect, ignoring popular and folk music
In twentieth-century music ______. all answers
The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by ______. Arnold schoenburg
Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation (Module 2 and Module 3)

Which of the following are Renaissance artists? Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vicni(the 2 that aren’t were Picasso and Hildegard of Bingen)
Which of the following was the main European port for cultural exchange of Eastern luxuries? Venice
Which of the following goals are attributed to Charlemagne? centralized governmentencouragement of educationgovernment control of law and order
T or F: Trade flourished in the later Middle Ages when a merchant class arose outside of feudal society. true
The beginning of the Middle Ages is marked by what event? the fall of the Roman empire
In the middle ages, the status of women was raised by the universal cult of who? Mary, mother of Christ
T or F: The Roman Catholic church had very little power in Europe during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. False
Which of the following was a result of the printing press? music became available, affordable, and music literacy spread
Which of the following was a potential job for a musician in the Middle Ages and Renaissance? choirmasters, singers, organists, instrumentalists, copyists, composers, teachers, instrument builders, and music printers
Which of the following provided financial support for medieval and Renaissance musicians? church, city, state, and royal and aristocratic courts
T or F: Our understanding of the musical culture of ancient civilizations is limited by the few fragments of music that have survived. true
During the Renaissance, which lands did the Europeans explore that were new to them? the Americas
T or F: The Middle Ages spans nearly one thousand years. true
T or F: Hildegard’s chant Alleluia, O virga mediatrix was intended for performance on a feast day for the Virgin. true
Chant melodies are described as ___________________________ based on how many notes are set to each ___________ of the text. syllabic, neumatic, or melismaticsyllable
Which of the following was Hildegard not known for? she WAS known for her:- scientific writings- her poetry and music – her visions
Culture in the Middle Ages was largely defined by the rise of religious communities housed in: monasteries
Which of the following describes life in a medieval monastery? Members withdrew from secular society.Members were devoted to prayer.Religious life was quite disciplined.They began their day around 2-3am.
T or F: The chants of the church only used the major and minor scale patterns found in later music. false”modes”
Which of the following describe plainchant of the Middle Ages and which do not? do – monophonic- Latin text- organized according to liturgydon’t – polyphonic – favored wide leaps
T or F: Gregorian chant features regularly phrased melodic lines supported by instrumental accompaniment. False
In chant from the Middle Ages, the style that features many notes per syllable is called: melismatic
Which of the following is not true about Gregorian chant (plainchant) melodies? This is what they ARE known for: – composers are unknown- they are in Latin- they are descended from Middle Eastern sacred music traditions
What is the term for music that is performed with exchanges between a soloist and chorus? responsorial singing
T or F: The text setting in Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is mostly syllabic False
Which traits does early Christian chant have in common with the Islamic Adhan and which does it not? they do have in common- parts can be melismatic- monophonicwhat they don’t have in common- sung in Latin- 4 part harmony
T or F: In the medieval era, some religious communities utilized polyphonic music to enhance worship on the highest feast days in the church year, like Easter. True
The earliest polyphonic music is called: organum
Notre Dame cathedral is located in which city? Paris
Which statement about the Notre Dame School is NOT true? This is was IS TRUE:- the first book containing compositions by composers of this school is called the magnus liber organi- composers wrote some of the most earliest examples of polyphony, called organum – Perotin and Leonin were the leaders of the school
In order to properly transmit the new polyphony, which other aspect of music became more sophisticated in the Middle Ages? music notation
T or F: Polyphony was universally accepted in medieval religious communities. False
In early organum, which voice sang the fixed melody from the preexisting Gregorian chant? lowest
T or F: The first type of polyphony was Gregorian chant. False
T or F: The lower voice in organum sings the fixed melody in extremely long notes. True
Which composers are associated with polyphonic composition at Notre Dame in the Middle Ages? Perotin and Leonin
The rhythmic pattern of long-short repeated throughout the piece defines the: RHYTHMIC MODE
T or F: Composers in the Ars nova wrote both sacred and secular songs. True
T or F: The musical style known as Ars nova first appeared in the early 1300s. true
T or F: Religious wars and medieval explorations enhanced cultural exchange. true
Which of the following was a popular French secular song genre in the Ars nova? chanson
T or F: Musical ideas from the Middle Eastern cultures were not a part of medieval cultural exchange. false
T or F: Pythagoras was renowned for his musical experiments. true
Which instruments stem from Turkish models? bells cymbals bass drums
Which of the following French Ars nova poetic forms are considered “fixed”? rondeauballadevirelai
Which of the following describes musical aspects of Machaut’s chanson Ma fin est mon commencement? polyphonicduple meter
Machaut’s chanson Ma fin est mon commencement contains which of the following? religious referencesenigmatic textpalindrome
During the Middle Ages, which Arabic import allowed for pattern-related disciplines to flourish in the West? numerals
Which of the following was a position Machaut held in his career? clericcourtiercanon
What was the period that immediately preceded the Ars nova called? ars antiqua
Which secular medieval musicians entertained at the higher social levels? troubadors
The musical style known as Ars nova appeared first in which country? France
Match the style characteristic with the correct phase in madrigal development. early madrigal (c. 1525-50) – chiefly composed for amateursmiddle madrigal (1550-1580) – texture extended to 5 or 6 voices final phase madrigal (1580-1620) – written to harmonic and virtuosic extremes
To which Italian city did Arcadelt move from present-day Belgium? Florence
T or F: The English madrigal preceded the development of the Italian madrigal by some twenty years. false
Which of the following characterize the Renaissance madrigal? use of Italian poetryword-paintingexpressive text-setting
Farmer “paints” the first line of the text, “Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone,” through the musical use of: monophony
The setting of Farmer’s madrigal Fair Phyllis is: pastoral
T or F: Farmer’s madrigal is written for a four-voice SATB ensemble. true
T ot F: Arcadelt uses word-painting to portray the images in the poetry of this madrigal. TRUE
Claudio ___________________ famously stated that his music was designed to serve the expressive power of his___________ MonteverdiTEXTS
T or F: Arcadelt emphasizes the last line of the poem in the madrigal by repeating it. TRUE
In the Renaissance two important __________genres grew out of the union of poetry and music: the French _________________ and the _______________ madgrigal secularChanson Italian
The first person to master the problems of printing polyphonic music is: Petrucci
Madrigalisms enhanced the _____________ content of the music. emotional
Which of the following were church reformers in the sixteenth century? Martin Luther and John Calvin
The Catholic Church’s effort in the early sixteenth century to recapture the loyalty of its followers through a return to true Christian piety is known as the Counter Reformation
T or F: During the Renaissance, the Mass was recited and sung in the vernacular (the language of the people). false
Which of the following belong to the Mass Ordinary? GloriaAgnus DeiSanctus
Put the parts of the Mass Ordinary into the correct order. KyrieGloriaCredoSanctusAgnus Dei
T or F: The Pope Marcellus Mass was written for six voice parts. true
The Mass is a daily service with two categories of prayers: the ________________ which are the same for each service, and the _________________ that varies according to the day. Ordinary Proper
Which of the following were critiques from the cardinals at the Council of Trent? (pg 92) embellishment of Gregorian melodiesuse of popular music in the Massinappropriate attitude of church musicians
Which of the following describes Palestrina’s Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass? duple meterconsonant harmonya cappella ensemble
T or F: Palestrina’s Pope Marcellus Mass is a setting of the Mass Ordinary. true
Which part of the Mass Ordinary is not in Latin? Kyrie
Which of the following accurately describe the harmony of Palestrina’s Gloria from the Pope Marcellus Mass? consonant, full
Instrumental music first flourished in conjunction with? dance
T or F: Because instruments were not yet specified in the musical scores for Renaissance dance music, there was much flexibility in performance. true
T or F: Prior to the medieval era, instrumental music was largely an oral tradition. true
Which instrument heard in Susato’s Three Dances is a cross between a woodwind instrument with finger holes and a brass instrument with a mouthpiece? cornetto
Which of the following instruments were categorized as haut (loud, outdoor) in the Renaissance? shawmsackbutcornetto
Tielman Susato was a musical jack-of-all-trades. He composed and arranged different styles of secular and sacred works, and he played virtually all the brass and woodwind instruments of his day. *********
The Susato dances are examples of which kind of instrumental dance? ronde
Musical instruments in medieval and Renaissance Europe were categorized as soft (bas) or loud (haut) according to their purpose. ******
Music Flashcards

Music Notations

Half rest In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 2 beats of silence
Two eighth notes A note having one-eighth the time value of a whole note.
Gràve slow (the slowest tempo in music)
Treble clef The clef used for notes in higher pitch ranges
MP Mezzo piano, Moderately Soft
Quarter rest one beat of silence
Alto clef A clef that indicates the location of middle C on the third line of the staff
Eighth rest receives 1/2 beats of silence
Bass clef clef for lower notes
Staff The five lines and four spaces between them on which music notes and other symbols are written
16th notes, 16th rest
Measure A unit or segment of music
Double bar line indicates the end of the composition or section
Piano Soft
Forte Loud
Adagio a slow tempo (between andante and largo)
Al fine The end
Bar line The lines which cross the staff and divide it into measures or bars
> Gradually getting softer
Prèsto Very fast
MF mezzo fortemedium loud
Half note In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 2 beats
Vivace lively
||: :|| repeat sign
Music notation Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music through the use of written symbols, including ancient or modern musical symbols. Types and methods of notation have varied between cultures and throughout history, and much information about ancient music notation is fragmentary.
Whole note In time signatures with 4 as the bottom number, it receives 4 beats
< Gradually getting louder
Moderato Moderate
2 3 4 64 4 4 8 Top number indicates beats per measure, bottom number indicates what note gets one beat
D.S. Return to sign
Al Coda Go to the sign
ff Fortissimovery loud
b flat Lower the note one semitone
n natural
Whole rest Means the rest for a whole measure
D.C. go back to the beginning and play
pp Pianissimovery soft
Rit or Ritardando Gradually getting slower
Allegro Fast
Tie Connects two notes of the same pitch
Dotted half note In 3/4 and 4/4 time signatures, it receives three beats
1st and 2nd ending Play the 1st ending first time through, then on the repeat, skip to the 2nd ending
Fermata Hold the note longer than its normal value
# sharp
Staccato detached
Slùr play the notes legato
Triplet 3 notes played in the time of 2 notes of equal value
Àccent stressed note or chord
Andante moderately
Largo very slow
Music Flashcards

Music Appreciation quiz 5

Romanticism, as a stylistic period in Western music, encompassed the years ______. 1820-1900
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than ______. Nature
Which of the following composers is not associated with the romantic period? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as ______. Exoticism
The orchestra in the romantic period ________. was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as ______. Rubato
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was ______. Ludwig van beethoven
A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was ______. Franz Liszt
What did the rise of the urban middle class lead to? The piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class homeThe formation of many orchestras and opera groupsThe development of regular subscription concerts
One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was ______. Peter llyich Tchaikovsky
An art song is a musical composition for ______. solo voice and piano
What was Schubert’s primary source of income? Musical Composition
Schubert was eighteen years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by ______. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the ______. galloping horse
Clara Wieck was the daughter of Schumann’s piano teacher, a virtuoso pianist, and Schumann’s wife
During the first ten years of his creative life, Schumann published only ______. Piano pieces
Johannes Brahms ______. Was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann
Clara Schumann was a ______.8 virtuoso pianistcomposertouring performerAll answers are correct.
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the ______. Nocturne
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as ______. An etude
As a youth, Franz Liszt was influenced by the performances of Niccolò Paganini.
During his teens and twenties, Franz Liszt lived in ______. Paris
Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso ______. Pianist
Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. symphonic poem
By the age of thirteen, Mendelssohn had written ____________ of astounding quality. vocal workssonatassymphonies and concertosAll answers are correct.
The high point of Mendelssohn’s career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____________ in England. Elijah
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called ______. Program music
Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as ______. Incidental music
Today’s movie scores may be regarded as examples of ______. Incidental music
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s ______. Love for actress Harriet smithson
Parisians were startled by Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony because of its ______. sensationally autobiographical programamazingly novel orchestrationvivid description of the weird and diabolicalAll answers are correct.
The citizen’s sense of national identity and patriotic feelings were intensified by ______. romanticism, which glorified love for one’s national heritage
The founder of Czech national music was ______. Bedřich Smetana
Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under ____________ domination. Austrian
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia’s main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the ______. Moldau
Dvořák “found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school” in ______. African American spirtuals
In 1892, Dvořák went to ___________, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music. New York
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one.
Nadezhda von Meck was a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity.
Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any ______. Operas
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi’s operas because they ______. Seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love
Some of Puccini’s operas feature exoticism, as in his use of melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Japanese and Chinese music in his operas ______. Madame butterfly and turandot
______ was a fanatical supporter of Wagner and helped rescue his career in the 1860s. King Ludwig of Bavaria
Wagner was a virtuoso on the ______. pianoviolinclarinetNone of these are correct.
Richard Wagner’s last opera was ______. Parsifal
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called ______. Leitmotif
Wagner’s preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in _________________, solely for performances of his music dramas.