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Quiz 5-Romantic Period

Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music.concertabsolutepuresymphonic absolute
Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.symphonic poemconcert overturepiano concertosonata symphonic poem
Which of the following composers is not associated with the romantic period?Robert SchumannFrédéric ChopinGiuseppe VerdiWolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Romanticism, as a stylistic period in Western music, encompassed the years ______.1450-16001750-18201600-17501820-1900 1820-1900
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky ______.-was a child prodigy, learning music at an early age-began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one-studied music theory and violin as a teenager-preferred his government position to music -began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians.100602440 100
Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism?-An interest in exoticism and the past-An enthusiasm for the culture of the Middle Ages-An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures-A fascination with fantasy -An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
Which of the following is not true of Robert Schumann’s works?-They are intensely autobiographical.-They are frequently lyrical in nature.-They are usually linked with descriptive titles, texts, or programs.-They are all written for the piano. -They are all written for the piano.
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz’s ______.-experiences in Rome-love for the actress Harriet Smithson-intense nationalism-interest in composing for small, intimate ensembles -love for the actress Harriet Smithson
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as ______.exoticismprogram musicnationalismverismo exoticism
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was ______.Franz LisztLudwig van BeethovenFranz SchubertRichard Strauss Franz Liszt
All of the following romantic composers were also virtuoso instrumentalists giving solo recitals except ______.Hector BerliozClara Wieck SchumannNiccolò PaganiniFranz Liszt Hector Berlioz
Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song?-Composers sought to make hte music bring out the meaning and atmosphere of the text.-The art song is restricted to strophic form.-A song cycle is a set of romantic art songs that may be unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs.-The accompaniment of a romantic art song is an integral part of the composer’s conception, and it serves as an interpretive partner to the voice. The art song is restricted to strophic form.
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and ______.Heinrich HeineWilliam WordsworthVictor HugoWalt Whitman Heinrich Heine
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called ______.liedspeech-songleitmotifunending melody leitmotif
A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.program symphonynocturneconcert overturepolonaise program symphony
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as ______.fermatarubatoritardandoaccelerando rubato
The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by ______.Claudio MonteverdiRichard WagnerWolfgang Amadeus MozartGiacomo Puccini Giacomo Puccini
Johannes Brahms ______.-was a violinist who performed Clara Schumann’s compositions-was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann-was an admirer of Robert Schumann, but never met him-married Clara Schumann after her husband died was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann
A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.program symphonysymphonic poemnocturnemazurka symphonic poem
What is program music?-Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene-All answers are correct.-Vocal music that tells a story-Music that depicts aspects of nature -Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as ______.Cavalleria rusticanaopera seriaexoticismverismo verismo
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as ______.individualismnationalismexoticismverismo nationalism
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at __________, where he championed works by contemporary composers.RomeParisBudapestWeimar Weimar
The ___________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility.mazurkawaltzpolkapolonaise polonaise
Liszt’s piano works are characterized by ______.-an unprecedented range of dynamics-rapid octaves and daring leaps-arpeggios-All answers are correct. All answers are correct.
Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting?FantasyEmotional restraintEmotional subjectivityExoticism Emotional restraint
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called ______.absolute musicsymphonyoperaprogram music program music
Which of the following statements is not true?-Franz Schubert led a bohemian existence, living with friends because he had no money to rent a room of his own.-In addition to symphonies, operas, string quartets and other chamber works, Schubert composed over six hundred songs.-Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.-At the time of his death, Schubert’s reputation was mainly that of a fine song composer. Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.
The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was ______.Johannes BrahmsHector BerliozLudwig van BeethovenJohann Sebastian Bach Ludwig van Beethoven
The soul of a Verdi opera is ______.extensive thematic developmentexpressive vocal melodyatmospheric orchestral partsthe situation comedy expressive vocal melody
An art song is a musical composition for ______.-multiple voices-All answers are correct.-solo voice and piano-solo voice and orchestra solo voice and piano
Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet is ______.-a ballet based on Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet-an early programmatic symphony inspired by the characters in Shakespeare’s play-a medley of popular melodies taken from his opera of that name-a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form -a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form
Giuseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas ______.to glorify the singersfor his fellow composersfor the Italian musical eliteto entertain a mass public to entertain a mass public
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as ______.a liedan étudea nocturnea polonaise an étude
The founder of Czech national music was ______.Antonin DvořákBedřich SmetanaBoris GodunovCésar Cui Bedřich Smetana
The form of The Erlking is ______.strophicmodified strophicthrough-composedNone of these through-composed
Brahms’s musical trademarks included ______.-the use of da capo arias-the use of two notes against three-bombastic flamboyance-All answers are correct. the use of two notes against three
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the ______.nocturnewaltzetudemazurka nocturne
Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any ______.chamber musicoperasart songschoral works operas
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ch. 5 intro to music

Traditional music of the Far East is largely: monophonic
Most compositions use one type of texture exclusively. false
The texture that combines two or more simultaneous melodic lines is called: polyphony
A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called: monophony
Homophonic describes a single-voiced texture without accompaniment. false
The predominant texture used in music up to about one thousand years ago was: monophonic
A single-voiced texture is called monophony. true
What term best describes Row, Row, Row Your Boat? round
A strict composition with imitation throughout is called: a canon
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called: polyphony
A simple and familiar type of canon is called: a round
The art of combining two or more simultaneous melodic lines is called counterpoint. true
In a homorhythmic texture, the melody and harmony move with the same rhythm. true
The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is called: imitation
A melody combined with an ornamented version of itself, often heard in jazz, produces a texture known as: heterophony
A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while the accompanying voices are subordinate is called: homophony
The element that describes the musical fabric, or the relationship of musical lines within a work, is called: texture
A heterophonic texture frequently occurs in music involving improvisation, such as jazz. true
The texture in which all the voices move in the same rhythm is called: homorhythm
The art of counterpoint is most closely associated with monophonic texture. false
Traditional music of the Middle and Far East is typically polyphonic. false
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Test 4

Classicism, as a stylistic period in western art music, roughly encompassed the years 1750-1820.
The preclassical period roughly encompassed the years 1730-1770
The fully developed classical style in music flourished during the period 1770-1820
Which of the following statements is not true of the classical period? Philosophers and writers in the classical period believed that custom and tradition, rather than reason, were the best guides to human conduct.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and _____ were two of the more important preclassical composers. Johann Christian Bach
Which of the following composers is not considered a master of the classical period? Johann Christian Bach
Which of the following statements is not true? Composers in the classical period continued to use terraced dynamics in their compositions.
Which of the following characteristics is not typical of the music of the classical period? Classical music is basically polyphonic.
Which of the following statements is not true of the music of the classical period? The basso continuo was the nucleus of the instrumental ensemble.
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of strings, pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani.
Which of the following instruments were not normally included in the classical orchestra? Trombones
A symphony is a sonata for orchestra.
Social mobility during the classical period was an important factor in the rise of the middle class
Political and economic power shifted to the middle class from the aristocracy and the church.
In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by folk and popular music
The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as All answers are correct.music.literature.theater.
Public concerts presented by the Concert des Amateurs in Paris in the 1770s were conducted by The Chevalier de Saint-Georges.
Which of the following statements is not true? Political and economic power shifted during the classical period from the middle class to the aristocracy and the church.
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life serving a wealthy aristocratic family.
Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered a skilled servant
Vienna, when Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven were active, All answers are correct.had a population of almost 250,000.was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire.was the fourth-largest city in Europe.
Composers in the classical period took middle-class tastes into account by All answers are correct.writing dance music for public balls.writing comic operas that sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy.flavoring their serious compositions with folk and popular music.
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes ridiculed the aristocracy.
In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart became close friends.
Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ________ movement of a multimovement work. first
Which of the following is not part of a sonata form movement? Rondo
Sonata form consists of three main sections: exposition, development, and recapitulation
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement the second theme is in a new key.
In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement the closing section is in the tonic key.
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a repeat sign.
Which of the following statements is not true? The second theme returns in the recapitulation of a sonata form movement in an exact repetition of its statement in the exposition.
A transitional passage that leads to a contrasting section is called a bridge.
A modulation from the home key to a new key in the exposition of a sonata form movement takes place in the bridge.
A feeling of harmonic tension and forward motion is created in the exposition of a sonata form movement by the conflict of tonalities between the first and second themes.
Short musical ideas or fragments of themes that are developed within a composition are called motives.
The three main sections of a sonata-form movement are often followed by a concluding section known as the coda.
Sonata form should be viewed as a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key.
Each successive variation in a theme with variations retains some elements of the theme.
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as AA’A”A”’A””.
Which of the following statements is not true? The first movement of Haydn’s Surprise symphony is in theme and variations form
Which of the following elements is usually not changed in varying the theme in theme and variations form? Length
The _________ movement of Haydn’s Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form. second
The minuet and trio movement of a classical symphony, string quartet, or other work, is in ____________ form. ABA
The movement of a sonata-type composition that is often patterned after a dance is the third.
The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony. third
The form known as minuet and trio is employed as the __________ movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works. third
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n) dance at the court of Louis XIV of France.
The character of the minuet is best described as stately and dignified.
The minuet as a whole may be outlined as ABA.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the minuet? Quick, lively tempo
Which of the following statements is not true? The character of the minuet is best described as brisk and lively.
In many of Beethoven’s works, there is a _______ movement instead of the minuet. scherzo
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it moves more quickly.
The double bass in the classical orchestra, as in Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, usually doubles the cello part an octave lower.
A _____________ is a musical composition that is usually light in mood, and meant for evening entertainment. serenade
Typical in classical music, the string bass part in Mozart’s Eine Kleine Nachtmusik sounds an octave lower than the cello part.
The rondo may be schematically outlined as ABACABA.
A common rondo pattern is ABACA.
Another common rondo pattern is ABACABA.
The return of the main theme in rondo form is all the more welcome because it is usually in the tonic key.
The sonata-rondo All answers are correct.usually has a lively, pleasing, and simple to remember theme.combines rondo form with elements of sonata form.may be outlined as ABA-development section-ABA.
The main theme of the rondo is usually in the tonic key.
Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a finale.
The rondo was used as late as the twentieth century.
Which of the following statements is not true? The rondo as a musical form was not used in musical compositions after the classical period.
Symphony may be defined as a(n) All answers are correct.extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the classical orchestra.sonata for orchestra.musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements.
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in _____ form. sonata
Which of the following is not true of the symphony? It is a musical composition for solo instrument and orchestra.
ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the slow movement.
Which of the following statements is not true? The opening movement of a classical symphony is almost always slow and in ABA form.
The lyrical slow movement of a symphony is most often the second.
Unlike the other movements in the symphony, the _____________ movement is generally not in the tonic key. second
The slow movement of a classical symphony is generally not in the tonic key.
The last movement of a classical symphony All answers are correct.is always in the tonic key of the symphony.is usually fast, lively, and brilliant, but somewhat lighter in mood than the opening movement.is most often in sonata or sonata-rondo form.
Unity is achieved in the classical symphony partly by the use of the same key in three of its four movements.
A concerto is a large-scale work in several movements for an instrumental soloist and orchestra.
A classical concerto is a three-movement work for instrumental soloist and orchestra.
Which of the following statements is not true? A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The favored solo instrument in the classical concerto was the piano.
Mozart and Beethoven wrote a number of concertos for their favorite solo instrument, the piano.
A typical sequence of movements in a classical concerto is fast, slow, fast.
The first movement of a classical concerto has two expositions.
The classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a ___________ movement. minuet or scherzo
The symphonic movement usually lacking in the concerto is the minuet or scherzo.
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called a cadenza.
A pause in the score of a concerto is indicated by a fermata.
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a small room.
The most important form of classical chamber music is the string quartet.
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music is performed by one player per part.
The string quartet All answers are correct.is written for two violins, viola, and cello.s the most important form in classical chamber music.usually consists of four movements.
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello
Which of the following statements is not true? The piano trio is a musical composition for three pianos.
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast.
The piano trio is a musical composition for violin, cello, and piano.
Haydn was fortunate in having a long and fruitful, as well as financially stable, relationship with the noble Hungarian family of Esterházy.
Which of the following was not one of Haydn’s duties while in the service of the Esterházys? Teaching music to the choir boys
Haydn’s contract of employment shows that he was considered a skilled servant.
The twelve symphonies written for the concert manager J. P. Salomon for performance at his public concerts are also known as the __________ symphonies, for the city in which they were first performed. London
Haydn’s two popular oratorios are entitled The Seasons and The Creation.
Haydn was a prolific composer, as demonstrated in part by his 68 string quartets and 104 symphonies.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn’s music? There are few changes in texture and orchestration.
Along with his symphonies, Haydn’s ___________ are considered his most important works. string quartets
Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria
By the age of six, Mozart could All answers are correct.read music perfectly at sight.improvise fugues and write minuets.play the harpsichord and violin.
Which of the following statements is not true? In his later years, Mozart was financially well off, widely acclaimed, and sought after by an adoring public.
Between the ages of six and fifteen, Mozart was continually on tour in England and Europe.
Mozart’s trips to Italy enabled him to study and master the Italian operatic style.
Mozart composed his Requiem on commission from a stranger.
Mozart’s Requiem was finished by one of his pupils.
The standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by Ludwig von Köche.l
In composing music, Mozart composed extended works completely in his mind.
Mozart’s German operas are different from his Italian ones in that the German works include spoken dialogue.
Which of the following is not one of Mozart’s three masterpieces of Italian opera? Orfeo
Mozart’s finest German opera was The Magic Flute
Don Giovanni, in Mozart’s opera of that name, is the legendary Spanish lover.
Mozart’s Symphony No. 40 is one of his last three symphonies.
Which of the following is not true of the late eighteenth-century fortepiano? It weighed the same as the modern piano.
The Third Symphony of Beethoven was originally composed to commemorate the deeds of _________ as the embodiment of heroism and democratic ideals. Napoleon Bonaparte
Beethoven All answers are correct.began to feel the first symptoms of deafness in his twenty-ninth year.was self-educated and had read widely, but was weak in elementary arithmetic.was a brilliant pianist
Which of the following statements is not true? Like Haydn and many other composers of the classical period, Beethoven was most successful financially when in the service of the aristocracy.
We have a record of Beethoven’s struggle with his musical material because of his habit of carrying musical sketchbooks.
Beethoven’s late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include All answers are correct.the Ninth Symphony.string quartets.piano sonatas.
The musical heir of Haydn and Mozart, Beethoven bridged the ________ and __________ periods. classical, romantic
Beethoven, in comparison with earlier composers, was far more extensive and explicit in marking __________ in his scores. dynamics
Which of the following techniques did Beethoven not use in unifying the contrasting movements of a symphony, sonata, or string quartet? Using the same tonality for each of the movements
In Beethoven’s music, the coda is often expanded and serves to develop themes further.
Beethoven greatly expanded the _____________ section of the sonata-form movement and made it more dramatic. development
A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for piano.
The choral finale of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is based on Schiller’s Ode to Joy.
Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony is unusual in that it is scored for ____________ as well as orchestra. four vocal soloists and a chorus
Beethoven’s sixteen __________ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed. string quartets
Beethoven’s greatest liturgical music is to be found in his Missa Solemnis.
Beethoven’s only opera is entitled Fidelio.
The character of the minuet is best described as stately and dignified
A common rondo pattern is ABACABA
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performer’s virtuosity is called a cadenza
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is fast, slow, dance-related, fast
In many of Beethoven’s works there is a ______ movement instead of the minuet. scherzo
The classical concerto is a large-scale work in three movements for solo instrument and orchestra
A symphony is a sonata for orchestra
The standard catalog of the compositions of Mozart was made by Ludwig von Köchel
Chamber music is characterized by having one performer per part
A string quartet is a musical composition for two violins, viola, and cello
Classicism, as a stylistic period in music, figured prominently during the years 1750-1820
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as AA’A”A”’A””
The typical orchestra of the classical period consisted of strings and pairs of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
The minuet is generally the _________ movement of a classical symphony. third
A piano sonata is a musical composition in two or more movements for piano
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Music Appreciation 1010 – Exam #3

The main keyboard instruments of the baroque period were the organ and the ____? harpsichord
The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of ________. basso continuo
To what does the word movement in music normally refer? A piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a largercomposition
The music director of a baroque court was usually not responsible for ________. publicity in reaching an audience
A concerto grosso most often has ________ movement(s). three
In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen’s opportunities for hearing music usuallycame from the ________. church
The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are ____? fast, slow, fast
The middle baroque period spanned the years ________. 1640-1690
A type of polyphonic composition based on one main theme is a ________. fugue
The solo instruments in Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 are the ________, violin,and harpsichord. flute
The early baroque period spanned the years ________. 1600-1640
The late baroque period spanned the years ________. 1690-1750
Baroque style flourished in music during the period ________. 1600-1750
The baroque style was well suited to the ________. aristocracy
The two giants of baroque composition were George Frideric Handel and ________. Johann Sebastian Bach
The first opera house in Europe to offer entry to anyone with the price of admissionopened in 1637 in ________. venice
Baroque trio sonatas usually involve ________ performers. four
A baroque musical composition usually expresses ________ within the samemovement. one basic mood
Sets of dance-inspired instrumental movements are called ________. suites
Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form except ________. opera
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the________ period. late baroque
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called a(n) ________. aria
An ________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery,costumes, and action. opera
Vivaldi was famous and influential as a virtuoso ________. violinist
Baroque melodies often are ________. elaborate and ornamental
Although all the movements of a baroque suite are in the same key, they differ in________. all answers are correct
The most characteristic feature of baroque music is its use of ________. basso continuo
A sonata intended to be played in church, and therefore dignified and suitable forsacred performance, was called a ________. sonata da chiesa
The text, or book, of a musical dramatic work is called the ________. libretto
To evoke angry or warlike feelings in some of his texts, Monteverdi introduced neworchestral effects, including pizzicato and ________. tremolo
________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations ofspeech. recitative
While at Leipzig, what did Bach do? He taught organ and composition, gave recitals, and was often asked to judge theconstruction of organs.
Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instrumentsof the ________ family string
The longest period of Johann Sebastian Bach’s professional life was spent as director ofmusic at St. Thomas’s Church in ________. leipzig
An ________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on adramatic work. overture
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Music introduction 100F quiz 2

The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning 450-1450
The Renaissance may be described as an age of all answers correct
The intellectual movement called humanism focused on human life and its accomplisments
The dominant intellectual movement of the Renaissance was called humanism
In the Middle Ages, most important musicians were priest
A virtual monopoly on learning during the Middle Ages was held by monks in monasteries
During the Middle Ages, what institution was the center of musical life? the church
The church frowned on instruments because of their earlier roles in pagan rights
The use of organs in church bothered the clergy because they distracted the listeners from worship.
Most medieval music was vocal
We know from paintings and literary descriptions of the Middle Ages that instruments were used
During the late Middle Ages, the church believed that music during religious services should be used only as a discreet accompaniment.
Church authorities in the Middle Ages ____________________ their religious services. wanted music only as a discreet accompaniment to
The music the Medieval monks sang was called gregorian chant
gregorian chant all answers right
gregorian chant consist of melody sung without accompaniment.
Which of the following is not true of Gregorian chant? It is usually polyphonic in texture.
Gregorian chant melodies tend to move Stepwise within a narrow range of pitches
Gregorian chant is named after Pope Gregory I, who Was credited by medieval legend with having created it
Pope Gregory the Great Reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during his reign from 590 to 604
the church modes are Like the major and minor scales in that they consist of seven tones
Hildegard of Bingen was all answers are correct
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed During the twelfth and thirteenth centuries
The French secular songs of the Middle Ages were often concerned with all answer correct
A famous French woman troubadour was Beatriz de Dia
The notation of troubadour and trouvère melodies does not indicate rhythm
The medieval jongleurs, important sources of information in a time when there were no newspapers, were on the lowest social level
The wandering minstrels, or jongleurs, of the Middle Ages all answers are correct
As a young student in Paris, Henri de Malines sang monophonic songs in various languages
In the recording of the medieval estampie, the melody is played on a rebec, a bowed string instrument
Medieval music that consists of Gregorian chant and one or more additional melodic lines is called Organum
Which of the following statements is not true? Medieval music theorists favored the use of triads, the basic consonant chords of music
The Renaissance in music occurred between 1450-1600
Many prominent Renaissance composers, who held important posts all over Europe, came from what was then flanders
The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly polyphonic
Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because all answer above
Renaissance melodies are usually easy to sing because The melody often moves along a scale with few large leaps
Which of the following statements is not true of humanism The humanists were basically atheistic in their beliefs.
Palestrina’s career centered in rome
The Renaissance madrigal began around 1520 in Italy
The Renaissance madrigal is a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love
The development of the English madrigal can be traced to 1588 and considered a result of The publication in London of a volume of translated Italian madrigals
Which of the following describes a difference between English and Italian madrigals? A lighter and more humorous tone
Besides the madrigal, the ________ was another type of secular music that enjoyed popularity during the Renaissance lute song
John Dowland’s Flow My Tears consists of _______ musical sections that are each immediately repeated. three
In most lute songs, the lute accompaniment in subordinate to the voice
Which of the following statements regarding the Renaissance is not true? much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for church use.
Much of the instrumental music composed during the Renaissance was intended for dancing
The passamezzo is a stately dance in duple meter similar to the pavane
A versatile plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear, popular during the Renaissance, was the lute
A virtual monopoly on learning during the Middle Ages was held by monks in monister
A virtual monopoly on learning during the Middle Ages was held by
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Music

Which meter would most likely be associated with a march? Duple
A texture in which a single voice takes over the melodic interest while accompanying voices are subordinate is called Homophony
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called: Syncopation
The resting place at the end of a phrase is called: Cadence
The first note of the scale is called the: Tonic
The gradual swelling of the volume of music is called: crescendo
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed: Without Accompaniment
Te instruments of the Western orchestra are categorized in four groups: strings, brass, percussion and woodwinds
Which tonality would most likely be chosen for a triumphal march? Major
The percussion family is comprised of a variety of instruments that are made to sound by: Striking and Shaking
The patriotic song America “My country tis of thee” is an example of: Triple Meter
The quality of sound that distinguishes one instrument from another is Timbre
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale Five
When two or more independent melodic lines are combined, the resulting texture is called polyphony
Which element of music is measured in decibles volume
Should a composer write a film score to a horror movie, one might reasonably expect that the harmony would include a great deal of: Dissonance
The first accented beat of a measure is called: A downbeat
How do idiophones produce sound? by shaking, scraping or striking the instrument itself
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called: a melody
Which brass instrument uses a large, movable U-shaped slide to change notes? trombone
The element that describes the musical fabric, or the relationship of musical lines within a work is called: texture
A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called: a chord
The distance between two pitches is called: an interval
The soprano brass instrument sometimes described as possessig a BRILLIANT timbre is the Trumpet
The distance between the highest and lowest tones of a melody is called: the range
The expressive device used by Renaissance composers to pictorialize words musically is called: Word painting
A highly emotional song in an opera is called: an aria
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called: recitative
An end-blown flute with a breathy toe is called: Recorder
_______ is traditionally associated with collecting the chants of the church. Pope Gregory
The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called: The Ordinary
Who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation Martin Luther
The French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the Channson
Where was the first madrigal developed Italy
Which genre of vocal music was NOT used in Renaissance church services? Chansons
In Germany, aristocratic poet-musicians were called: Minnesingers
A setting of Gregorian chant with one note per syllable is called: Syllabic
What is a cantus firmus? A fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass.
What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music? Imitative
Which of the following would be considered an appropriate outdoor instrument? shawm
Which of the following was the most important secular genre of the sixteenth century? Madrigal
Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut, meaning: Soft or loud
Which of the following was NOT a recommendation of the Council of Trent To use instruments to embellish church music
Which of the following does not characterize Gregorian chant? Triadic Harmonies
The early poolyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called: Motet
A drama that is sung is called: an Opera
The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are: soprano,alto, tenor, bass
Music is propelled forward in time by: rhythm
Te degree of loudness or softness, or volume, at which music is played is called: dynamics
The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as: improvisation
Woodwind instruments: all have a pipe with holes
Instruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called: aerophones
What quality of a work of art refers to it structure or shape? Form
Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called: meters
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its: tempo
Of the following, which is a pitched percussing instrument xylophone
A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be neumatic
Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music? Hildegard of Bingen
The earliest type of polyphony was: Organum
Which of the following was Not subject reflected in the poems of troubadours and trouvere? The rebirth of classical learning
The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is the: sakbut
The earliest operas took their plots from: Greek Mythology
Of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood? Trumpet
Palestrina’s career centered Rome
An attempt was made to purify Catholic church music as a result of the deliberations of the Council of Trent.
The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the motet and Mass
This is not a characteristic of the Renaissance Ballet mostly polyphonic texture
A madrigal, like a motet, is a vocal composition that combines homophonic and polyphonic textures, but it differs from the motet in that it uses vernacular rather than Latin text and more often uses word painting and unusual harmonies.
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music quiz #1

phrase a part of a melody is called a ______. it can be sung on one breath and ends at a point of full or partial rest.
legato a smooth, connected style of playing a melody is known as what?
In a short, detached manner Staccato refers to playing or singing a melody
Climax The emotional focal point of a melody is called the
Adjacent scale tones A melody is said to move by steps if it moves by
Range The distance between a melody’s lowest and highest tones is known as its
A series of single notes which add up to a recognizable whole What is a melody?
Ritardando A gradual slowing- down of tempo is indicated by the term
Adagio What is the slowest tempo indication
Vicace The Italian term ____ is a tempo marking to indicate a lively pace.
Adante The Italian term_____ is a tempo marking to indicate a moderately slow or walking pace
Tempo The term _____ refers to the speed of the beat of the music
Syncopation What is a characteristic feature of jazz music?
Syncopation ______ is the effected of unexpected accents in the music.
Downbeat The first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the
Meter The organization of beats into regular groups is called
Rhythm The element of music defined as the order flow of music thorough time, or more specifically, the lenticular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music is
Beat The _____ is a regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time.
Part of an instrument’s total range To what does register refer to?
Contralto What is not abnormal classification of male voice ranges?
An octave and a half While professional singers can command a pitch range to 2 octaves or more, an untrained voice is usually limited to about
Training and physical makeup On what does the range of a singer’s voice depend on?
Timbre Tone color is synonymous with
Tone color Timbre is synonymous with
Diminuendo A gradual decrease in loudness is known as a
Crescendo A gradual increase in loudness is known as a
Pianissimo, piano, fortissimo The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, soft, and very loud are respectively
Dynamic accent When a performer emphasizing a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it, it is called a___
Emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it A dynamic accent occurs in music when a performer does what?
Amplitude The loudness of a sound is related to the ____ of the vibration that produces the sound
The degree of loudness and softness To what does dynamic in music refer to?
pitch range The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called
Octave When tones are separated by the interval called a(n) ___ they sound very much alike.
Octave The interval that occurs when 2 different tones blend so well when sounded together that they seem to merge into one tone, is called a(n)_____
440 If a pitch coverages at 880 cycles, the octave below would vibrate at____ cycles
An interval The distance in pitch between any 2 tones is called
Has a definite pitch A tone in music is a sound that
Tone In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a
Higher In general, the smaller the vibrating element, the___ its pitch
In cycles per second How is frequency of vibrations measured
Frequency A specific pitch corresponds to a specific
The relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound What is pitch in music
Pitch The ____ of a sound is decided by the frequency of its vibrations
Pitch The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called
Duration The 4 main properties of musical sounds are pitch, dynamics, tone color, and
An art on the organization of sounds in time How can music be defined
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Music Quiz 2

The beginning of the Middle Ages was marked by the _____. fall of the Roman Empire
During the Middle Ages, all power came from which religious organization? The Roman Catholic Church
Which secular leader in the Middle Ages promoted a strong, centralized government? Charlemagne
The main European port for cultural exchange of Eastern luxuries was: Venice
The violent series of events that took place as part of an attempt to capture the Holy Land from the Muslims is known as: the Crusades
During the Renaissance, lands new to the Europeans were discovered, including _____. the Americas
One of the major advancements in the Renaissance was the invention of printing, pioneered by: Johannes Gutenberg
Which of the following was a Renaissance artist? Leonardo da Vinci
The most universally idealized woman in Western culture during the Middle Ages was _____. the Virgin Mary
Who were the most prominent performers of secular music in medieval France? troubadours and trouvères
Musicians could find employment in which of the following professions? instrument building, teaching, copyists
The early Christian church had very little power in Europe during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. False
The Middle Ages spanned nearly one thousand years. True
Our understanding of the musical culture of ancient civilizations is limited by the few fragments of music that have survived. True
Trade flourished in the later Middle Ages, when a merchant class arose outside of feudal society. True
The Renaissance marks the passing of European society from a predominately secular society to a more sacred one. False
Compared to the MiddleAges, more professional women musicians made their mark in society in the Renaissance. True
The literature of ancient Greece and Rome was of little interest to artists and writers of the Renaissance. False
The Middle East had no influence on European musical styles. False
The major narrative of Western musical development begins with notated music. True
Music performed with exchanges between a soloist and chorus is called _____. responsorial singing
Which of the following is NOT true of Gregorian chant (plainchant) melodies? They are in Hebrew and Syrian
Hildegard of Bingen was born into a _____ noble family. German
Modal melodies of the early Christian church are similar to melodies and scales from _____. The Middle East
In chant from the Middle Ages, if there are many notes per syllable, the style is called _____. melismatic
When multiple people sing a monophonic chant together, it is called singing in________? unison
Hildegard’s collection of poetry and visions is called: Scivias
How many Gregorian chants survive? over three thousand
What musical aspect is found in Hildegard’s praise songs, but is not found in most Gregorian chant? wide leaps
What might explain why medieval chants can sound unfamiliar to a modern listener? they are modal
The term liturgy refers to the set order of church services and the structure of each service. True
Gregorian chant features regularly phrased melodic lines supported by instrumental accompaniment. False
The chants of the church used only the major and minor scale patterns found in later music. False
Hildegard’s chant Alleluia, O virga mediatrix was intended for performance on a feast day of the Virgin Mary. True
The text setting in Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is mostly syllabic. False
Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgo mediatrix is a Gregorian chant. False
In the Middle Ages, it was assumed that women were divinely connected. False
Hildegard took her vows at age fourteen. True
Pope Gregory the Great composed all of the Gregorian chant melodies. False
Music, mathematics, geometry, and astronomy were the four topics considered essential to medieval _____. education
Which secular medieval musicians entertained audiences at the higher social levels? troubadours
What was the period that immediately preceded the Ars nova called? Ars antiqua
How does Machaut convey the medieval fascination for puzzles in Ma fin est mon commencement? palindromic structure
Which of the following is/are poetic forms used in medieval chansons?: all of these choices
Which of the following is NOT a medieval writer/poet? Pythagoras
Where did Machaut work as a priest? Reims Cathedral
Which of the following topics might be found in medieval lyrics? unrequited love, politics, songs of the Crusades
Machaut’s own poetry often centers around the idea of: medieval chivalry
With whom did Machaut exchange poems and letters? Peronne
Religious wars and medieval explorations enhanced cultural exchange. True
The last part of the Middle Ages is referred to as the Ars nova. True
In the Western tradition, music historically has not been linked to mathematics and geometry. False
Composers in the Ars nova style wrote both sacred and secular songs. True
Machaut took holy orders, but worked for multiple French courts. True
Machaut was the first composer to self-consciously attempt a compositional legacy. True
There was an interest in both the regularity and complexity of musical patterns during the Ars nova. True
All chansons are monophonic False
The Ars Nova began around the early 1400s in Italy. False
Machaut only wrote sacred music False
The mood of Farmer’s madrigal Fair Phyllis can best be described as _____. light and pastoral
Farmer’s Fair Phyllis is written for _____ voices. four
Farmer “paints” the first line of the text, “Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone,” through the musical use of _____. monophony
At which point in the text of Fair Phyllis does the work change to an imitative texture? “Up and down he wandered”
Which of the following instruments was likely found in prosperous homes during the Renaissance? lute
In addition to the Italian madrigal, what other genre arose from the union of poetry and music? French chanson
In which of the following ways did Renaissance composers enhance the emotional content of madrigals? through the use of madrigalisms
Which of the following composers was influential in the later Italian madrigal tradition? Claudio Monteverdi
Which of the following statements are true in regard to typical English madrigals? All choices are correct
The performing forces for Farmer’s madrigal consist of a four-voice SATB ensemble. True
The English madrigal preceded the development of the Italian madrigal by some twenty years. False
The text of John Farmer’s Fair Phyllis refers to real historical figures. False
Both Italian and English madrigals often feature word-painting. True
Sometimes humorous madrigals would have a refrain of syllables such as “fa la la.” True
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Romantic Period: Unit Review

D. 1820-1900 Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western music, encompassed the years a.1450-1600 b.1600-1750 c.1750-1820 d.1820-1900
A. Emotional Restraint Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting? a.Emotional restraint b.Emotional subjectivity c.Exoticism dFantasy
C. instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea or scene Program music is a.music that depicts aspects of nature. b.vocal music that tells a story. c.instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. d.All answers are correct.
C. Nationalism The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer’s own homeland is known as a.exoticism. b.individualism. c.nationalism. d.verismo.
D. All answers are correct Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by a.using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands. b.using their national legends as subject matter. c.basing their music on the folk songs of their country. d.All answers are correct.
D. 100 An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians. a.24 b.40 c.60 d.100
C. was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra The orchestra in the romantic period a.was basically the same as in the classical period. b.ranged from twenty to sixty players. c.was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra. d.had a limited dynamic range due to the primitive nature of the brass instruments.
C. The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period? a.A cast-iron frame was introduced to hold the strings under greater tension. b.The use of the damper pedal allowed a sonorous blend of tones from all registers of the piano. c.The piano’s range remained basically the same as in the classical period. d.The piano’s hammers were covered with felt.
B. Rubato A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as a.ritardando. b.rubato. c.accelerando. d,fermata.
A. Ludwig van Beethoven The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was a.Ludwig van Beethoven. b.Joseph Haydn. c.Johann Sebastian Bach. d.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
D. All answers are correct The rise of the urban middle class led to the a.piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home. b.formation of many orchestras and opera groups. c.development of regular subscription concerts. d.All answers are correct.
B. Piano A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the a.resident composer/performer. b.piano. c.violin. d.flute.
A. Robert Schumann Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and a.Robert Schumann. b.Franz Liszt. c.Niccolò Paganini. d.Giuseppe Verdi.
A. Solo voice and piano An art song is a musical composition for a.solo voice and piano. b.solo voice and orchestra. c.multiple voices. d.All answers are correct
A. lied The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text. a.lied b.durchkomponiert c.chanson d.ballade
A.The art song is restricted to strophic form. Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song? a.The art song is restricted to strophic form. b.A song cycle is a set of romantic art songs that may be unified by a story line that runs through the poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs. c.Through-composed, a translation of the German term durchkomponiert, is a song form that allows music to reflect a poem’s changing moods. d.The accompaniment of a romantic art song is an integral part of the composer’s conception, and it serves as an interpretive partner to the voice.
B. Postlude The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a a.conclusion. b.postlude. c.song cycle. d.finale.
D. Concerto Which of the following forms was not used in composing art songs? a.Strophic b.Modified-strophic. c.Through-composed. d.Concerto
D. was the first great master of the romantic art song Schubert a.was widely acknowledged as a composer in his lifetime. b.was very self-critical, which accounts for his meager output. c.produced his greatest works after the age of forty. d.was the first great master of the romantic art song.
B.Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output. Which of the following statements is not true? a.Franz Schubert led a bohemian existence, living with friends because he had no money to rent a room of his own. b.Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output. c.At the time of his death, Schubert’s reputation was mainly that of a fine song composer. d.In addition to symphonies, operas, string quartets and other chamber works, Schubert composed over six hundred songs.
D. 600 Schubert’s songs number more than a.50. b.100. c.250. d.600.
B. Modified strophic When the same music is repeated for two or more stanzas of a poem, leading to new music for other stanzas, the form is known as a.song form. b.modified strophic. c.through-composed. d.repetitious.
C. through-composed The form of The Erlking is a.strophic. b.modified strophic. c.through-composed. d.None of these.
B. death The Erlking, in Schubert’s song of that name, is a romantic personification of a.ghosts. b.death. c.a galloping horse. d.nature.
A. galloping horse The piano’s relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the a.galloping horse. b.joy of the child. c.steadiness of the father. d.approach of death.
D. Nocturne A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and nighttime, is the a.etude. b.mazurka. c.waltz. d.nocturne
A. the left hand must play rapid passages throughout Chopin’s Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist’s left hand because a.the left hand must play rapid passages throughout. b.it is played only by the left hand. c.it takes nearly an hour to perform. d.the left hand plays the main melody
B. etude A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as a.a nocturne. b.etude. c.a polonaise. d.lied.
C. program music Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called a.absolute music. b.opera. c.program music. d.symphony.
B. absolute Nonprogram music is also known as _____________ music. a.pure b.absolute c.concert d.symphoni
B. program symphony A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. a.nocturne b.program symphony c.polonaise d.overture
C. symphonic poem A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea. a. b.program symphony c.symphonic poem d.
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ch. 27 intro. to music

Schumann wrote his song cycle A Poet’s Love during his “year of song,” in which he wrote hundreds of Lieder and also married Clara Schumann. True
The form of Schubert’s Lied Elfking is through-composed. True
The song form that combines features of strophic and through-composed forms is called modified strophic. True
____________ is NOT an important composer of nineteenth-century Lieder. Heinrich Heine
The favorite subjects for the Romantic poets were: love, longing, and nature.
Schubert composed over six hundred Lieder. True
Schubert was born in: Vienna
Franz Schubert was a thoroughly Romantic composer whose music abandoned the forms and stylistic principles of Classicism. False
Schubert lived a tragically short life but was a remarkably prolific composer of: all of the above
Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is a: song cycle.
Robert Schumann ended his career and life: in an asylum, the result of mental illness.
The favorite Romantic poets for the composers of Lieder were: Goethe and Heine.
In which form is the Lied Elfking? through-composed
A song form in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of text is called: strophic
Goethe and Heine were two of the leading nineteenth-century writers whose poetry was set by Lieder composers. True
Schubert organized evening gatherings of artists, writers, and musicians, called: Schubertiads.
Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May”? It ends with harmonic resolution.
Robert Schumann’s wife, Clara, was: all of the above
A group of Lieder unified by some narrative thread or a descriptive or expressive theme is called: a song cycle.
Which of the following was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied? praise of the Virgin Mary
Schumann concentrated on intimate piano and vocal works and wrote no symphonies. False
A German-texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called: a Lied.
The rise of the piano as a household instrument influenced the popularity of the Lied. True
A song structure that is composed from beginning to end without repetition of whole sections is called: through-composed.
A song in which the same melody is repeated with every stanza of the text is in strophic form. True
Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May” is from which song cycle? A Poet’s Love
In Schubert’s Elfking, the obsessive triplet rhythm of the piano accompaniment represents: the galloping of the horse.
Approximately how many songs did Schubert compose? more than 600
The composer who founded the New Journal of Music was: Robert Schumann.
Robert Schumann’s A Poet’s Love is set to texts by: Heinrich Heine.
A song that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in strophic form. False
What is the form of “In the lovely month of May”? strophic
Which musical devices help to portray the child’s terror in Elfking? high range and dissonance
The mood of Schumann’s “In the lovely month of May” is joyful and exuberant. False
Robert Schumann was married to the gifted pianist and composer Clara Wieck. True
Which of the following does NOT describe Schumann’s A Poet’s Love? It tells a detailed story of a lost love.
A song form where the main melody is repeated for two or three stanzas but has new or significantly varied material introduced when the text requires it is called: modified strophic.
Schubert’s prolific output includes works of every major genre. True
Schubert wrote several song cycles, including: Winter’s Journey.
In which genre is Schubert NOT indebted to Classical traditions? Lied
Schubert’s song Elfking was a setting of the ballad written by: Goethe
The German term for the art song is: Lied
Schumann was a carefree spirit with a happy disposition who lived a long, productive life as a composer. False
The poem Elfking was written by Heinrich Heine. False
Which of the following is true of Schubert’s Elfking? all of the above